Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (co. Norfolk). Ar. a fesse betw. three dolphins naiant gu.
2) (Brampton Hall, co. Suffolk). Az. a chev. or, betw. three owls ar. legged of the second. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet an owl’s leg erect or.
3) (Fun. Ent. Ulster’s Office, 1671, of the wife of Nathaniel Stoughton, of Dublin, merchant). Az. a fess betw. three dolphins embowed ar.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Leman Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Leman:
This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin and acquires from the Olde English pre 7th Century particular name “Leofman,” Middle English “Lefman,” which is a combination of the components “leof,” which means dear, darling and “mann,” which means man. It is a limited given name of which only three pre-Success examples known. The name strengthened by the famous Middle English term “lem(m)an,” which means lover, beloved, often used as a nickname for a lover or beloved one, and a combination of the similar Olde English components as above. Other surnames from this origin are Loveman, Lowman, Luffman, Leamon, Leeman, Lemmon, Lemon and Limon. The particular name shows as “Leman” in the Domesday Book for Hampshire (1086), while the surname itself first shows at the end of the 12th Century. Other early examples contain as William Luveman, in the Record of the Freemen of Leicester, 1196 – 1770, in 1221. Aumfridus Leofman, in the 1221 Assize Court Rolls of Worcestershire and William Lemmon, in the Premium Rolls of Worcestershire of 1275. George Leaman married Mary Thorowgood in July 1659 at St.Dunstan’s, Stepney, London.
More common variations are: Leaman, Leeman, Leyman, Lehman, Lemman, Lemain, Lemann, le Man, Lewman, Leoman.
The surname Leman first appeared in Suffolk at Wenhaston, a church, in the union and hundreds of Blything. “The family of Leman had a [family] seat here. The parish is an old building in the colored English style, with a square embattled tower, and consists of many achievements to the Leman family.”
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Reiner Leman, dated about 1185, in the “Records of the Knights Templars in England in the 12th century”. It was during the time of King Henry II who was known to be the “The Builder of Churches,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Leman had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Leman landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Leman who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Sar Leman, who came to Virginia in 1655. Thomas Leman, who landed in Maryland in 1676.
People with the surname Leman who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Roger Leman, who came to Virginia in 1703. Peter Leman, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1727. Christian Leman, who came to America in 1730.
The following century saw more Leman surnames come. Some of the people with the surname Leman who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included James Leman, who landed in New York, NY in 1811. Margaret Leman, who landed in New York, NY in 1811.
People with the surname Leman who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Mr. John Leman U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario near the year 1784.
Some of the individuals with the surname Leman who landed in Australia in the 19th century included F. Leman arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “John Munn” in 1849.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Leman: Indonesia 2,718; France 2,425; United States 1,704; kaey 1,677; Malaysia 1,644; Russia 1,065; Germany 841; Belgium 676; Poland 477; England 462.
Albert Leman (1915–1998), was a Russian writer.
Bob Leman (1922–2006), was an American science fiction and horror writer.
Dennis Leman was an English football player.
Gérard Leman (1851–1920), was a Belgian general.
J Leman (born 1985), is an American football player.
John Leman (died 1632), was an English businessman.
Kevin Leman was an American doctor and writer.
Leman Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Leman blazon are the dolphin, chevron and owl. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, gules and argent .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
In the days before television and the internet it was a rare heraldic artist that had ever seen a dolphin for real, so we should not be surprised that the heraldic representation is not instantly recognisable. Despite this, we should not forget that these artists considered the dolphin to be the king of fish, playing the same role as the lion in the animal kingdom. For reasons not immediately clear, Wade suggests that the dolphin was regarded as an “affectionate fish, fond of music”.
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . The owl has long been associated with heraldry and is depicted in a clearly recognised aspect, always with its face to the viewer. It comes as no surprise that previous generations of heraldic writers ascribed to it the traits of “vigilance and acute wit”.