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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Harpton Court, co. Radnor, bart.). Motto—Expertus fidelem. Ar. a cross double parted and fretty sa., in the 1st and 4th quarters an eagle displ. gu., and in the 2nd and 3rd a lion ramp. of the eecond, ducally crowned or. Crest—On a cap of maintenance an heraldic tiger statant or.
2) (Brecon). Ar. a dragon’s head and neck erased vert, holding in the mouth a bloody hand ppr.
3) (Bristol and London). Sa. a chev. erm. betw. three spear’s heads ar.
4) (Canterbury). Or, on a chief sa. three estoiles of the field. Crest—An ermine pass. ppr.
5) (Doncaster; confirmed 22 Oct. 1586). Sa. a chev. betw. three trefoils slipped or.
6) (Stoke, co. Dorset, and co. Somerset). Erm. on a fesse az. three boars’ heads couped ar. Crest—An antelope’s head erased sa. armed, attired, maned, tufted, and ducally gorged or.
7) (cos. Essex, Hertford, and York). Sa. a chev. betw. three trefoils ar. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a plume of five ostrich feathers ar.
8) (Rossenden-in-Bleane, co. Kent). Ar. a chev. gu. betw. three beavers’ tails ereet ppr. Crest—A demi beaver ppr.
9) (St. Pierre, co. Monmouth: descended through Philip Llewellen-ap-Ivor, second son of Llewellen, Lord of St. Clair and Tredegar, from Cadivor, Prince of Divet, co. Pembroke, temp. William I.). Motto—Ha persa la fide ha perso l’honore. Or, a lion ramp. guard. sa. Crest—A griffin segreant sa.
10) (The Van, co. Glamorgan; derived from Ivor ap Meurig, known in Welsh history as Ivor Bach, living temp. Henry II. The eventual heiress, Elizabeth, only dau. of Thomas Lewis, Esq., of The Van, m. Other, Earl of Plymouth). Motto—Patriae fidus. Also: (Lanishen Court, со. Monmouth, and Lanishen House, co. Glamorgan; both originally from Lewis, of Van). Sa. a lion ramp. ar. Crest—A lion sejant ar.
11) (Green Meadow, co. Glamorgan). Mottoes—Patriae fidus; and, Ofner na ofno angan. Quarterly, 1st, sa. a lion ramp. ar.; 2nd, sa. a chev. betw. three spear heads ar. embrued gu.; 3rd, sa. a chev. betw. three fleurs-de-lis or; 4th, or, on a quarter gu. two lions pass. guard. of the first. Crests—1st, Lewis: A lion sejant ar. 2nd, Price: A paschal lamb glorified or, bearing a pennon of St. George.
12) (Gilfach, co. Carmarthen). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. a stag trippant ar. unguled and attired and bearing betw. his horns an imperial crown or; 2nd and 3rd, az. a chev. betw. three eagles’ heads erased or. Crest—A stag and an eagle’s head, as in the arms.
13) (Llanarehayron, co. Cardigan). Motto—Libertas. Gu. on a mount in fesse vert three towers triple-towered ar. betw. three scaling ladders or. Crest—Out of a mural coronet gu. a demi wolf saliant ar.
14) (Gwynfe, Wales). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gu. a griffin segreant or, for Lewis, of South Wales; 2nd and 3rd, sa. three nags’ heads ar., for Lloyd. Crest—A demi griffin segreant couped or.
15) (Pengwerne, co. Merioneth). Erm. a saltire gu.
16) (co. Monmouth). Chequy or and sa. on a fesse gu. three leopards’ faccs jessant-de-lis of the first.
17) (Sutton Magna, co. Salop). Gu. a griffin segreant or. Crest—A demi griffin or.
18) (Malvern Hall, co. Warwick). Gu. three serpents nowed in triangle ar. within a bordure engr. or.
19) (Ledstone Hall and Marre, co. York, bart.; extinct). Motto—Spe tutiore armis. Sa. a chev. betw. three trefoils or. Crest, 1674—Out of a ducal coronet a plume of five ostrich feathers, two or and three sa. charged with a chev. of the first.
20) Vert a lion ramp. or. Crest—On a mount vert a greyhound couchant gu. collared or.
21) Az. a wolf ramp. ar. Crest—A demi wolf ramp. ar.
22) (Stanford, co. Nottingham). Ar. on a fesse az. three boars’ heads couped or, in chief a lion pass. gu. Crest—Out of a mural coronet or, a boar’s head erect erm. langued gu.
23) Paly of six ar. and gu. on a chief az. a lion pass. ar. ducally crowned or. Crest—On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. a greyhound sa. collared or.
24) Per pale indented az. and ar. three trefoils slipped counterchanged.
25) Ar. on a fesse az. three boars’ heads couped or, in chief a lion pass. gu.
26) Per fesse gu. and az. three bucks’ heads couped at the neck or.
27) (Clynfiew, co. Pembroke). Motto, in English—Be wise as a serpent, harmless as a dove. Gu. three serpents nowed in triangle ar. within a bordure engr. or. Crest—A nag’s head couped, bridled ppr.
28) (Hampton-Lewis, Bodior and Henllys. co. Anglesey). Motto—A Deo et rege. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, quarterly, 1st and 4th, ar. a chev. sa. betw. three Cornish choughs ppr. in the beak of each an erm. spot, for Lewis, 2nd and 3rd, gu. on a chev. betw. three bucks’ heads cabossed ar. a crescent of the field for diff., for Roberts, of Bodior; 2nd and 3rd quarters, Hampton, gu. on a fesse or, betw. a mullet in chief and an escallop in base ar. three martlets sa. Crests—1st, Lewis: A Cornish chough ppr. in the dexter claw a fleur-de-lis az.; 2nd, Hampton: A wivern amidst bulrushes ppr.
29) (Lampeter Velfry, co. Pembroke). Motto—Sors est contra me. Az. a chev. erm. betw. three garbs. Crest—An arm embowed holding an arrow.
30) (Thomas Lewis, Dublin; impalement Fun. Ent. Ulster’s Office, 1656, of his son-in-law, Walter Carwarden). Sa. three scaling ladders ar. in chief an eagle displ. of the last.
31) (John Lewis, Esq., of Prescoed, whose only dau. and heir m. Col. Marcus Trevor, created, 1662, Viscount Dungannon; impalement Fun. Ent. Ulster’s Office of Lord Dungannon, d. Jan. 1669). Az. a chev. betw. three lions ramp. or.
32) (confirmed to Arthur Gambell Lewis, Esq., of Seatown, co. Dublin, and Clanamully, co. Monaghan). Motto—Bidd llu hebb llydd. Sa. on a chev. erm. betw. three spear heads ar. a crescent gu. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet ppr. a plume of five ostrich feathers alternately gu. and az. charged with a chev. or, thereon a crescent gu.
33) (Kilcullen, co. Kildare, and Grosvenor Street, Grosvenor Square, London). Motto—Bidd llu hebb llydd. Same Arms, a mullet gu. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet ppr. a plume of five ostrich feathers alternately gu. and az. charged with a chev. or.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Lewis Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Meaning, Origin, Etymology
(Anglo-French-Teut.) the A.-French form (French Louis) of the O.Frankish Hlúwíg (mod. Ger. Ludwig), which was Latinized as Ludovicus and Chlodovisus, Gallicized as Clovis (palatal s = sh) or Clouis (Louis) = Famous Battle or War [Old Saxon hlúd = O.H.Ger. hlút (Ger. laut) = Old English hlúd (English loud), loud, famous + Old Saxon wíg = O.H.Ger. Old English wíg, battle, war] Lewis has often been adopted by Jews as a British substitute for Levi, q.v., and by Welshmen as a simplified substitute for Llewellyn, q.v. (Celtic) belonging to Lewis (Scotland)=(apparently) the Marshy (Land) [Gaelic leoghas) (English) for Lewes1, q.v.

The surname of Lewis comes from the Pre 5th Century Frankish personal name of “Hludwig” which itself comes from the element “hlud” which can be translated to mean “loud” or “famous” and “wig” which can be translated to mean “battle.” Thus, the personal name of “Hludwig” can be translated to mean “loud battle” or “famous battle.” In the French, Louis; Latin, Ludovicus; Teutonic, Ludwig or Leodwig, from the Saxon Leod, the people, and wic, a castle—the safeguard of the people. Llnaws, Welsh, signifies a multitude. “Loud Battle”. From Old Frankish Hludwig and German Ludwig. See also Cloete. (Welsh, English) Descendant of Lewis (hear, fight). Another possible origin for the surname of Lewis can be found in Welsh roots. It is believed that in Wales, the surname of Lewis was derived from an Anglicized form of the surname of Llewellyn. This name comes from the Welsh word “llyw” which can be translated to mean “leader” and the word “eilyn” which can be translated to mean “likeness.” The first recorded spelling of the surname of Lewis can be found in the country of England. One person by the name of Robert Lowis was named and recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Lancashire in the year of 1202. This document was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one John, King of England, who was commonly known as and referred to throughout the ages as “John Lackland.” John, King of England, ruled from the year 1199 to the year 1216. Other mentions of the surname of Lewis in the country of England include William Lewys, who was recorded as being a witness in the 1267 Fines Court Rolls of the county of Suffolk. Those who bear the surname of Lewis can be found throughout the United States of America. Those who bear this surname are found in this country because of the European Migration. The European Migration was a large movement of European citizens from the countries of their birth to the United States of America. These citizens emigrated out of the countries of their birth because of their disgruntled government. The living conditions in their home countries were not ideal, as lack of sanitation led to disease, and overcrowding spread these diseases further. Lack of land, jobs, or the ability to practice whatever religion they wanted also led to the dissatisfaction of European citizens. During the 1600’s many of these European citizens moved to the United States of America, which at that time, was known as The New World, and The Colonies. The first of these migrating peoples to bear the surname of Lewis was one person by the name of Roger Lewis, who landed in the state of Virginia in the year of 1623. In the year 1634, Edmond Lewis and John Lewis arrived in New England. Throughout the country, there is a large population of people who bear the surname of Lewis. The areas with the larger concentration of those who carry the surname of Lewis are the states of California, Texas, and Georgia, as well as New York, Ohio, and the state of Pennsylvania. In the 19th Century, it became common to explore new areas, such as New Zealand and Australia. One William Lewis, who was a convict from Shropshire, England, sailed aboard the ship named the Ann, in the year 1809, and settled in New South Wales, making him the first person in Australia to bear the surname of Lewis. Francis Charles Lewis arrived in Auckland, New Zealand in the year of 1840, which made him the first person who did carry the surname of Lewis into this new, undiscovered country.

Another origin of the name Lewis results from the eastern European pogroms of the last century. During this time many Jews crossed over to England and on arrival decided to anglicise their names. A number of refugees with the name Levinsky changed it to Lewin, Levin or Lewis. Owing to its popularity in Britain and France-two of Europe’s major colonising nations-the name Lewis (or Louis) has spread around the globe.

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Meriwether Lewis (1774—1809)

Over the centuries it has been particularly popular in the United States. Here we find it in St Louis, in Louisville, and even in the State of Louisiana (which, under French colonial rule-before the famous Louisiana Purchase in 1803-stretched from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico up into the Mid-West, to within a few hundred miles of the Great Lakes).

The American explorer Meriwether Lewis (1774—1809) led the great overland journey to the Pacific coast, thus opening up the north-west to a flood of settlers. Despite encounters with grizzly bears, Indians, rattlesnakes and near-starvation Lewis’s only brush with death came when a hunting companion mistook him for an elk and shot him in the leg. As a reward for his explorations he was appointed the first governor of Louisiana but died soon after in mysterious circumstances.

Many Lewis’s have achieved fame as writers. The first American to win the Nobel Prize was Sinclair Lewis, whose best-seller Main Street swept him to fame. C. Day Lewis (1904—72) was one of the ‘Thirties Poets’ of Auden’s generation. He later became Poet Laureate. The controversial writer-artist Percy Wyndham Lewis founded the English modernist movement called Vorticism, which created a furore prior to World War I. The prolific scholar-writer C.S. Lewis is best remembered for his Screwtape Letters.  Lewis’s have produced several jazz greats. George Lewis was a veteran of the Old New Orleans style and John Lewis, the composer-pianist, recorded with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.

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Isaac Newton Lewis (1858—1931)

The first machine-gun was invented by the American Isaac Newton Lewis (1858—1931).  The American military brass proved uninterested in his new invention so he took it to Europe in 1913
where the Lewis Gun played a vital part in the last stages of World War I. Over 100,000 were manufactured for the Allied armies by the Birmingham Small Arms Company.

Spelling Variations
Lewis, Lewiss, Lewess, Lews, Llewys, Llewis, Lewwis, Llewess Lewison, Levison, Lewies, Lewiss, Llewis, Lewise, Leewis, Lewisi, Leweis, Lewiis, Lewisy, Wlewis

Early Marriage Records for
John Lewis married Mary Brown April 10, 1650 in Malden, Massachusetts
Sarah Lewis married James Cobb December 26, 1663 in Barnstable, Massachusetts
Mary Lewis married Samuel Penfield November 30, 1675 in Lynn, Massachusetts
Hannah Lewis married George Mowry January 22, 1683 in Bristol, Rhode Island
Samuel Lewis married Sarah Dutton April 3, 1683 in Billerica, Massachusetts
Thomas Lewis married Frances Leisler November 26, 1694 in New York
Johanna Lewis married John Van Strydt June 22, 1694 in New York
Esther Lewis married Jeremiah Finney January 7, 1684 in Bristol, Rhode Island
Thomas Lewis married Elizabeth Brooks April 10, 1689 in Swanzey, Massachusetts
Robert Lewis married Albonrowe Lynell May 15, 1541 in Saint Mildred Poultry With Saint Mary Colechurch, London, England
John Lewis married Anne Fisher 1552 in Box, Wiltshire, England
Katherine Lewis married Thomas Ofley May 18, 1552 in Saint Peter Cornhill, London, England
Richardus Lewis married Alicia Byrtt January 26, 1556 in Saint Martin In The Fields, Westminster, London, England
George Lewis married Alice Keelinge May 26, 1560 in Maulden, Bedford, England
John Lewis married Agnes Gwyne August 10, 1544 in Bristol, Gloucester, England
Alicia Lewis married Thomas Beane October 20, 1540 in Leigh With Bransford, Worcester, England
Richarde Lewis married Agnes Hyde November 10, 1544 in Bristol, Gloucester, England
Agnes Lewis married Roger Haynes November 25, 1549 in Bristol, Gloucester, England
Thomas Lewis married Margery Hatter October 25, 1540 in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England

Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Lewis ranks 530th in popularity worldwide as of the 2014 Census and approximately 1,016,610 people carry the Lewis surname worldwide. The name ranks particularly high in the following six states: Texas, California, Florida, New York, North Carolina, and Georgia. It ranks highest in the following countries: United States (657,600), England (110,899), Wales (40,049), Australia (35,748), Canada (35,046), and South Africa (25,789).

Early Bearers of Surname
William Lewys and Alice Mason: Marriage Lic (London). 1521
Humphrey Smith and Ursula Lewson, alias Levison: ibid. 1586
Adam de Lewes, Gloucester, 1203 (Rotulus Cancellarii).
Hence Sir G. Cornewall Lewis, the eminent scholar and statesman.
John Levesone, Somerset, 1 Edward III: Kirby’s Quest.
John, Robert Lews, or Lewis, Engl. c. 1272 (Rotuli Hundredorum).
Lewis ap-Owen, archdeacon, County of Cardigan, 1487: History and Ant. St. David’s.
Lewis ap-Rhys, prebendary of St. David’s, 1502: ibid.
Llewelyn ap-Madoc, alias Lewis Rede, archdeacon, County of Brecon, 1437: History and Ant. St. David’s.
Osbert de Leus of Worcestershire, 1199 (Rotuli Curiae Regis)
Sir William Lewis, 1st Baronet (1598-1677), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1640 and 1677
William Lewis (1625-1661), an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660
William Lewson, archdeacon, County of Caermarthen, 1554: ibid.
William de Lues, Walter Luiz, Normandy, 1180-95 (Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae)

alt='Ballynagar House (National Inventory of Architectural Heritage, www.buildingsofireland.ie)'

Ballynagar House

History, Genealogy & Ancestry
LEWIS OF BALLINAGAR.
Lewis, John Michael Aylward, Esq. of Ballinagar, CO. Galway, b. 1 Feb. 1854; s. his father 1873.

Lineage—This family derives descent from the ancient Welsh line of the same name, long resident in co. Carmarthen. David Lewis settled in Ireland about the middle of the 17th century, at Waterford, of which city he became Alderman. He was Sheriff in 1695, and filled the office of Mayor six times. He d. 1718, leaving issue by his wife, Sarah, I. William (Ven.), Archdeacon of Kilfenora. h. 1692; m.Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Buckner, Esq. of Waterford, and d. 1764, leaving issue. 1 William (Kev.), b. 1725 ; m. 1705, Mary, dau. of Col. Clarke, of .Surrey, and had issue, William (Itev.), m. 1795, Anne, dau. ot Francis Kyves, Esq. of Eyvis Castle, co. Limerick, and had issue, William Buckner (Rev.), British Chaplain at Smyrna, d. 3 Jan. 18T0 (he vi. 17 July, 1826, Margaret, dau. of W. C. Purdue. of Tinncr.nna, co. Clare, and had issue, William ; and three daus.) Bichanl Capt. 94th regt., (/. 1844 ; Dora ; Mary. 2 David (Eev.), b. 1730; d. 1709. 1 Anne, m. Col. Gore, of Derrymore, co. Clare. 2 Dorothea, m. 1st, Gen. Crumpe; and 2ndly, in 1792, Lord Glentworth, Bishop of Limerick. Elizabeth, m. Eev. William Maunsell, D.D., of Limerick. II. David, m. 1740, Mary Shiel, of Dublin, and d. 1754, having issue, David Samuel. III. Hesrt, of whom presently, iv. James (Eev.), d. Unm. The 3rd son, Henry Lewis, Esq., w. 1720, Joan, dau. of Francis Badley, Esq. of Coolcur, co. Cork; and d. 1730, leaving issue, I. Henry, of whom presently. II. Thomas, in. 1762, Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Edward Hull, Esq. of Lemcon Manor, co. Cork, and d. 1808, leaving issue, 1 Richard Hull, Lieut. CSth regt., 6. 1764; m. 1790, Christiana, dau. of John Sweetenham, Esq. of Mardyke House, CO. Cork; and d. 23 Oct. 1835, leaving issue, William, b. 1793, late Lieut. 19th regt., m. 1st, 1824, Christiana, dau. of Robert Bird, Esq. of Bantry (by whom ho had issue, a dau., Mary, m. 1S53, Dr. Abraham Tuckey, of Bantry, d. 1876) ; he m. 2ndly, 1827, Sarah (d. 1874), dau. of Robert Boyle Warren, Esq. of Kinsale, and has issue, Richard Hull, 6. 1828, late Major 20th regt. (m. 1858, Georgina, dau. Of John Tonson Kye, Esq. of Eyrecourt, co. Cork, and has issue) ; Sarah, m. 1850 (d. 1855), Richard C. Pratt, Esq. of Kinsale; Christiana, m. 1852 (d. 1856), Capt. Johnstone Napier, 74th regt. John, Lieut. 1st Ceylon regt., 6.1794; m. Miss Long, d. s. p. 1822. Thomas, Lieut. 48th regt., 6. 1796; m. Miss Dalton, d. s. p. 1827. Stephen, 6. 1797, late Lieut. 73rd regt.; m. Eliza, dau. Of Dr. Millar, of Six Wile Bridge, co. Clare, and has issue, John Riggs MiOar, Deputy Surgeon-General, A.M.D. (m. Mary, dau. of Judge Jervis, of Canada, and has issue) ; Stephen {m. Isabella, dau. of Thomas Ciumpe, Esq. of Chorley, Salop, and has issue) ; James Henry, surgeon A.M.D., d. 1867. Henry, 6. 1801, ru. Mary, dau. of Ralph Bracken, Esq., and d. 1849, leaving issue, Henry Ralph, late Lieut. 11th regt. (m. Eliza, dau. of Robert Dunne, Esq. of Kinsale, and has issue); Richard Hull; and four daus., 1 Mary, m. 1820, Major Crookc, 25th regt.; 2 Catherine, in. 1st, Capt. Sandys, 24th Light Dragoons, and 2ndly, Col. Lowth, C.B., 3Sth regt., A.D.C. to the Queen. 2 Tonson, b. 1766 ; m. Miss Blair, of Blairs Cove, Bantry; and d. 1841, leaving issue, Richard, Thomas. 1 Elizabeth, m. Richard Blair, Esq. of Blairs Cove. III. Frank, in. Miss Gardner, and had issue, Frank. I. Catherine, m. — Hopkins, Esq. The eldest son, Henry Lewis, Esq. hi. Margaret, dau. of Richard Edward Hidl, Esq. of Lemcon Manor, co. Cork, and had issue (with a dau., Mary, who d. unm. 1866) an only son, Richard Lewis, Esq., m. 1797, Catherine, dau. of John Travers, Esq. of Garrycloyne Castle, co. Cork, and d. 1817, leaving issue. I. John (Rev.), Rector of St. Anne’s Shandon, co. Cork, vi. 1823, Rebecca, dau. of John Lawless, Esq. of Cork, by Mary Pyne his wife; and d. 1832, leaving issue, the Right Rev. John Travers Lewis, D.D., LL.D., Bishop of Ontario, Upper Canada, b. 1825 (m. 1851, Anne, dau. Of Henry Sharwood, Attorney-General of Upper Canada, and has issue, Travers, h. 1857, and three daus.); Richard; Rowland; Zachery; and three daus. II. Richard Toxson, of whom presently. III. Henry, Midshipman E.N., deceased. IV. Robert Travers, in. Mary, dau. of David Longworth, Esq. If Castletown, Queen’s Co. ; and (/. 1851, leaving issue, Robert ; Richard; John; and Jane m. 16 Dec. 1857, Henry D. Murray, Esq. son of Sir Patrick Murray, Bart, V. William Hull, M.D., J.P., 6. 1807 ; m. 1838, Anne, dau. of William Roe, Esq. ; and d. 1875, leaving issue, William Roe, m. Anna, dau. of W. F. Jones, Esq., S.I.R.I.C, and has issue; Robert; Richard; Frederick. I. Jane, m. — Browne, Esq. of Rockborough, Muskerry. II. Margaret, m. 1842, Rev. W. Meade, Vicar of Kinsale. III. Kate, d. unm. 9 Aug. 1861. The 2nd son, Richard Tonson Lewis, Esq., m. 1824, Cicely Connolly id. 1844), only dau. of Capt. J. M. Aylward, of Ballinagar, co. Galway, and d. 1S40, leaving issue (with a dau., Olivia Barbara) an only son, John Michael, Aylward Lewis, Esq.of Ballinaprar, J.P. co. Galway, b. 12 March, 1827 ; ni. 7 April, 1853, Hannah, dau. Of Thomas Roberts White, Esq., and d. 26 May, 1878, leaving issue, I. John Michael Aylward, now of Ballingar. II. Thomas White. B.A. Trin. Coll. Dublin, 0. 8 Jan. 1855. III. Richard George, Lieut. Galway Militia, b. 19 Feb. 1857. IV. Robert Traver.=, b. 19 March, 1859. V. Harry Hull, 6. 15 Dec. 1860. vi. George White, 6. 29 May, 1863. I. Annie. ii. Hannah Blanche. FAMILY OF AYLWARD~ The lands of Faithlegg, co. Waterford, granted to the AYLWARDS at the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland, remained with the Aylward family for nearly five centuries. John Aylward, the last possessor, is stated to have been transplanted to Connaught by Cromwell, and to have settled at Ballinagore. His eldest son, Peter Aylward, Esq. of Eallingar, obtained (29 Chables IT.) a grant from the Crown of the Ballinagar estate, co. Galway. He m. Elizabeth French, of Galway, and had issue, John Ogle, his heir. James. Jane. Honora. The eldest son, John Ogle Aylward, Esq. of Ballinagar, m. Barbara, dau. Of Garrett Nugent, Esq. of Dysart, Westmeath, and d. 1731, leaving issue, I. John French, his heir. II. Nugent Sylvester, who s. his brother. III. Michael Widman, who s. his brother. 1. Elizabeth, m. Patrick Byrne, Esq., Ballinteskin, Queen’s Co. II. Mary, m. Francis French, Esq. of Dublin. m. Barbara, m. Edward O’Brien, Esq., Ballysoblona, co. Westmeath. IV. Bridget, m. 1752, John Blake, Esq. of Parteen, co. Clare. John French Aylward, Esq. of Ballinagar, d. unm. 1755, and was s. by his brother, VIncent Sylvester Aylward, Esq. of Ballinagar, m. 1757, Catherine, dau. of Patrick French, Esq. (now St. George), of Tyrone, co. Galway, and had issue, Mary, m. 1st, 1780, Edmund Blake, Esq. of Ballyglunin Park, co. Galway; and 2ndly, 17?7, Col. John Blake, of Furbo, co. Galway. Mr. Aylward d. 10 Aug. 1783, and was s. by his brother, Michael Widman Aylward, Esq. of Ballinagar, who had served for some time in the Spanish army, for which he was outlawed, but received (38 George II.) the royal pardon. He m. 1st, Sarah, dau. of Patrick French, Esq. (now St. George), of Tyrone, co. Galway; and 2ndly, 1784, Jane, dau. of Denis Daly, Esq. of Killimore Castle, co. Galway (she remarried Capt. Averell Leckey, of Castle Leckey, Londonderry). Mr. Aylward d. 178G, leaving issue by his 1st wife, I. John Michael Nugent, his heir. I. Barbara, m. 1802 {d. 1823), WillIam Mahony, Esq. of Rockvale, CO. Cork. II. Mary, m. 1st, 1802, William Burke, Esq. of Moyglass, co. Galway; and 2ndly, Dr. T. L. Whistler, of Galway. The son and heir, John Michael Nugent Aylward, Esq. of Ballinagar, 6. 1780, Capt. 5th Dragoon Guards, m. 180.3, Jane {d. 7 May, 1864), dau. of Anthony Lambert, Esq. of Alnwick, Northumberland, and d. 28 Sept. 1861, leaving issue (with a dau.. Cicely Connolly, who III. 1824, Richard Tonson Lewis, Esq.) an only son and heir, John Michael Aylward, Esq. of Ballinagar, 6. 1809; m. 1831, Mary (d. 25 Dec. 1S64), dau. of Thomas Higgins, Esq. of Tuam, co. Galway ; and d. 14 April, 1867, s.p. when the Aylward profierty passed under settlement to his nephew, the late John Michael Aylward Lewis, Esq. of Ballinagar. Arms—Quarterly, 1st and 4th, arg., a chevron gu. Between three fleurs-de-hs or, for Lewis; 2nd and 3rd, arg.”, a fleur-de lis az. in the dexter chief and sinister base a sun in its glory’ or, in the sinister chief and dexter base an increscent of the last, for Alwafd. Crest —A lion rampant ppr. Motto— Amicus omnibus. Seat—Ballinagar, Loughrea, co. Galway.

alt='St._Pierre._The_seat_of_Charles_Lewis_Esq'

St. Pierre The seat of Charles Lewis, Esq.

LEWIS OF ST. PIERRE. 
Lewis, Charles Edward, Esq. of St. Pierre, co Monmouth, J.P. and D.L., b. 26 April, 1830 ; m. 2 Oct. 1858, Sarah Elizabeth, eldest dau. of James Staunton Lambert, Esq., formerly of Creg Clare and Waterdale, co. Galway.

Lineage—This family derives, in a direct line, from Cadifob, Prince or Chieftain of Divet, who flourished about the period of the Norman Conquest, and was buried in the priory of Caermarthen. Philip, 3rd son of Llewellyn ap Ivor, Lord of St. Clare and Tredegar, by Angharad his wife, dau. and heir of Sir Morgan Meredyth, ra. Nest, dau. of Gwillym Sais ap Madoe, and had issue, Gwillym Philip Llewelyn; John Philip Lleweyn; Gwenllian, m. David Gwillym Jenkin; and an elder son, Sir David ap Philip, m. Christy, dau. of David ap levon ap Rhys Voel, and their grandson, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of Chepstow, co. Monmouth, killed at’ Banbury, 1469, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Morgan Jenkin Philip, of Langston, co. Monmouth, and his great-grandson, Henry Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, living 1536, High Sheriff 1544, d. 1547, having ra. Bridget, dau. and heir of Thomas Kemeys, and widow of Thomas Herbert, of Caldicot, by whom” he was father of William Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, living 1583, m. Margaret, dau. Of Robert Gamage, of Coity, co. Glamorgan, and was s. by his son, Henry Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, High Sheriff 1609, d. 7 Feb. 1637; m. Joan, dau. and co-heir of Henry Herbert, Esq. of Wonastow, and had a son and heir, George Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, m. Mary, dau. of Sir William Morgan, of Tredegar, and d. v. p. 17 Nov. 1634, leaving issue, William, who d.. a minor; Elizabeth, who m. Roger Gates, of Cefn Tilla, co. Monmouth ; and a son and heir, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, a Royalist, living 1673. m. Johanna, dau. of Joseph Langton, Esq. of Newton Park, Somerset, and was s. by his eldest son, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, ra. De la Eivifere or De la Rivers, dau. of Gen. Sir Thomas Morgan, Knt. and Bart, of Llangattock, co. Monmouth, which lady m. 2ndly, Thomas Williams, Esq., 4th son of Sir Trevor Williams, Ban. of Llangibby Castle, co. Monmouth, ancestor of Williams, of Llangibby Castle. Mr. Lewis left issue a son, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, ra. 1st, Frances, dau. Of Sir Richard Levett, Knt. of Kew, who d. 1707 ; 2ndly, Katharine, only dau. and heir Qf Hugh Calveley Cotton, eldest son of Sir Robert Cotton, Bart, of Combermere, co. Chester; and 3rdly, Jane Rachel, only dau. and heir of William Becher, Esq. of Howberry, co. Bedford. Mr. Lewis d. 29 May, 1731, aged 47, having had issue by his 3rd wife. Craven, who m. and d. s. p. before 1764 ; Mary, d. 1734; Fanny, d. 9 May, 1767, having m. Thomas Lewis, Esq. of Crick, who d. Feb. 1803, aged 68; and an elder son, Morgan Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, (£.17 Aug. 1779, aged 57; m. Rachel, only dau. of Charles Van, Esq. of Llanwern, co. Monmouth, and by her (who d. 28 Jan. 1797, aged 70) had seven sons and three daus., I. Thomas, his heir. ii. Charles, who s. his brother. III. John Craven, of Henbury, co. Gloucester, who to. And left a dau., who to. Capt. Crowdy, and left issue a dau. IV. George, drowned in the Severn, 6 Nov. 1774, aged 16. V. Edward, Rector of Portskewett and St. Pierre, d. 1 March, 1839, aged 79 ; m. Mary, eldest dau. and co-heir of William Freke, Esq. of Hannington, Wilts, who d. 29 Dec. 1846, aged 76, and by her had issue, 1 Edward Freke, Rector of Portskewett and St. Pierre, 1839; ra. 31 Aug. 1853, Caroline Mary, 2nd dau. Of Thomas Bates Rous, Esq. of Court-y-ra!a, co. Glamorgan. 1 Mary, m. her cousin, Rev. Francis Lewis, now of St. Pierre. 2 Frances. 3 Anne, m. Capt. John King, E.N. VI. Francis (Rev.), LL.B., d. 17 Sept. 1794, aged 32; m. Fanny, younger dau. and co-heir of William Freke, Esq. of Hannington, Wilts, who survived her husband, and m. 2ndly, William Morton Pleydell, Esq. of Whatcomb, co. Dorset; and 3rdly, Rev. Paul Leir. VII. James, d. 4 June, 1787, aged 22. I. Jane, to. 1st, 12 Feb. 1774, John Hanbury, Esq. of Ponty Pool, CO. Monmouth ; 2ndly, Thomas Stoughton, Esq. of Ballyhorgan, co. Kerry. II. Ellen, ra. Rev. Thomas Lcyson, M.A. of Jesus Coll. Oxford, Vicar of Bassaleca, and Rector of Panteague and Tredunnock, co. Monmouth. III. Frances, d. 1795. The eldest son, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, to. 1st, Margaret, dau. of John Cope, Esq. of Petherton, Westmoreland, Jamaica, which lady d. 26 Jan. 17S8, aged 19. He ra. 2ndly, Anne, dau. Of Rev. Thomas Leyson, who survived her husband, and m. 2ndly, 25 April, 1798, Charles Kemeys Kemeys-Tynte, Esq., and d. April, 1835. Mr. Lewis d. s. p. 11 June, 1796, aged 45, and was s. by his brother. Charles Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, m. 16 June, 1777, Susanna, dau. Of Francis Davis, Esq. of Chepstow, and Anne his wife, dau. and co-heir of James Higford, Esq. of Dixton, Gloucester, and had (with a dau., Frances Susanna, m. John Baldwyn, Esq. of the Mount, Chepstow) five sons. Mr. Lewis d. 16 Dec. 1840, aged 86, and was s. by his son, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of St. Tierre, Col. of the Monmouth “Militia, 6. 12 May, 1779, m. 1st, Maria Anne, dau. of Thomas Daniell, Esq. of Henbury, co. Gloucester; and 2ndly, Caroline, 1. And co-heir of Thomas Dyot Skip Bucknall, Esq. of Hampton Court, Middlesex. She d. 29 March, 1850, aged 52; 1 Col. Lewis d. s. p. at Clifton, 21 April, 1847, aged 67 ; and was s. by his brother, Charles James Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, D.L. and J. P., b. Jan. 1781. He d. s. p. 15 Aug. 1859, and was s. By his next brother The Rev. Francis Lewis, P.L. and J. P., B.D., Rector of Llanvair-Kilgiddin, co. Monmouth, and Vicar of Holme Lacy, co. Hereford, b. 4 July, 1782; m. 1st, 25 March, 1828, his cousin, Mary, dau. of Rev. Edward Lewis, Rector of Portskewett, co. Monmouth, and by her (who d. 31 May, 1846), had issue, I. Charles Edward II. Thomas Freke, of Abbey Dore Court, Hereford, J. P. and D.L., late Lieut. 23rd R.W. Fusiliers, b. 16 May, 1831. III. Francis Higford, b. 24 Sept. 1832; d. unm. 10 April, 1855. IV. Henry Leeco, 6. 8 Sept. 1834 ; d. 15 Feb. 1835. V. George William, Lieut. 23rd regt., 6. 23 June, 1840; d. unm.. 14 Oct. 1866. I. Mary Fanny Susanna, in. Aug. 1864, Francis Prothero, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, eldest son of the Rev. Thomas Pruthero, of Malpas Court, co. Monmouth, and has issue. The Rev. Francis Lewis m. 2ndly, 7 Jan. 1853, Jane, only dau. of Vice-Admiral Charles Gordon, and widow of the Rev. James Henry Scudamore Burr. He d. 1872, and his widow m. 2ndly, Capt. Holland. Arms~ Or, a lion rampant sa. with many quarterings. Crest—A griffin segreant sa. Motto—Hapersalafide, haperso 1 honore. Seat—St. Pierre Park, near Chepstow.

LEWIS OF GREENMEADOW
Lewis, Henry, Esq. of Greenmeadow, co. Glamorgan, J.P. and D.L., High Sheriff 1858, b. 11 March, 1815; m. 1st, 1844, Anne, dau. of Walter Morgan, Esq. of Merthyr, and by her (who d. 1857) had issue, 1) Henry b. 1847 2) Thomas Wyndham b. 1848 3) Mary Price 4) Blanche Eliza 5) Dorothy Anne, deceased. Mr. Lewis m. 2ndly, 1858, Sophia, dau. of the late Col. Gwynne, of Glaubrane, and by her had issue, 6) John Price, b. 1859, deceased. 7) Roderick Gwynee, b. 1860 8) Wyndham Gwynne, b. 1869, deceased. 9) Dorothea Ann, deceased. 10) Catherine Fanny 11) Gwendoline.

Lineage—Sir Thomas Lewis, of Penmark Place, knighted at Whitehall 1628, was the youngest son of Sir Edward Lewis, of Fan, co. Glamorgan, by Blanche his wife, sister of Sir William Morgan of Tredegar. He m. the dau. of Edmund Thomas, Esq. of Wenvoe, and dying 19 Dec. 1669, left issue. The 2nd son, Gabriel Lewis, Esq. of Llanishen, High Sheriff 1614, M.P. for Cardiff, m. Elizabeth, dau. of William Carne, Esq. of Nash, and left a dau., Elizabeth, m. Edward Herbert, Esq. of Cogan, and a son and successor, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of Llanishen, Sheriff 1629, m. Eleanor, dau. of William Jones, of Abergavenny, and was s. by his son, Gabriel Lewis, Esq. of Llanishen, Sheriff 1662, m. Grace, dau. of Humphrey Wyndham, Esq. of Dunraven Castle, co. Glamorgan, and was father of Thomas Lewis, Esq. of Llanishen, High Sheriff 1683. He m. 1st, Elizabeth Van, by whom he had a son, Thomas, Sheriff in 1745, who left one son, Wyndham, b. in 1752, and two daus., Elizabeth and Blanche, who all d.s.p., Jane, m. William Bruce, Esq. of Llanblethian. Grace, m. Dr. Bates, of Cowbridge. Thomas Lewis m. 2ndly, Elizabeth, dau. of Henry Morgan, Esq. of Penyllwyn, co. Monmounth, and had, with a dau., Grace, a son, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of Newhouse, High Sheriff of co. Glamorgan 1757, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Morgan Thomas, Esq. of Rubina, and left at his decease, 1764, aged 65, two sons, Wyndham, his heir,; and William, of The Forge and Greenmeadow, Sheriff 1790, d.s.p. The elder son, The Rev. Wyndham Lewis, of Newhouse, m. Margaret, dau. and eventual heir of Samuel Price, Esq. of Park, co. Glamorgan, by Katharine his wife, dau. and heir of John Williams, Esq. of Llanvair, and had issue, Thomas, of Newhouse, m. 7 April, 1802, Dorothy Augusta, dau. of John Goodrich, Esq. of Energlyn, co. Glamorgan, and left (with two daus., Dorothy Price, wife of J.H. Langley, Esq. of Newhouse, who d.s.p.; Henry of whom presently; Wyndham, of Greenmeadow, co. Glamorgan, b. 7 Oct. 1780, M.P. for Cardiff, 1820, for Aldburgh 1827, and for Maidstone in 1835; m. 1815, Mary Anne, only dau. of John Evans, Esq. of Bampford Speke, Devon, and d.s.p. 14 March, 1838. His widow m. 2ndly, 1839, Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, M.P. (afterwards Earl of Beaconsfield), was created Viscountess Beaconsfield, 30 Nov. 1868, and d. 15 Dec. 1872.; William Price (Rev.), Vicar of Llanishen; d. 1849, leaving issue.; Mary Anne, m. Richard Rice Williams, Esq.; Katherine, m. 1st, Thomas Williams, Esq.; and 2ndly, James Bradley, Esq. of Bristol. The 2nd son, Henry Lewis, Esq. of Park and Greenmeadow, an officer in the army, b. 26 May, 1774; d. 26 Sept. 1838. He m. Mary, dau. of George, and sister of the Rev. Charles Emerson, and by her (who d. 10 Aug. 1841) had issue, Henry, now of Greenmeadow.; Wyndham William, of The Heath, and Newhouse, co. Glamorgan, J.P. and D.L., B.A. of Worcester Coll. Oxford, b. 10 Aug. 1827; s. to the estates of his uncle in 1849; Sheriff 1855-6; m. 1st Annie, dau. of George Overton, of Merthyr, and had issue, Annie Mary Price. He m. 2ndly, 28 Feb. 1867, Maud, youngest dau. of the late William Williams, Esq. of Aberpergwm; and d. 10 Sept. 1871.; Charles, d. young.; Mary Jane, m. Henry Andrew Vaughan, Esq., and has issue.; Anne Price, m. George Thomas Clark, Esq. of Frimhurst, Surrey, and has issue.; Catherine Price, m. George Collins Jackson, Esq., Major in the 7th Hussars, and has issue. Arms—Quarterly, 1st, sa., a lion rampant arg. ; 2nd, sa., a chevron between three spear heads arg. embrued gu. ; 3rd, sa., a chevron between three fleurs-de-lis or; 4th, or, on a quarter gn. two lions passant guardant arg. Crest—Lewis : A lion sejant arg. Mottoes—Patrae fidus; and Ofner na ofno angau. Seat—Greenmeadow, Cardiff, co. Glamorgan.

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Gwynfe Church

LEWIS OF GWINFE
Lewis, Charles Bassett, Esq. of Gwinfe, co. Carmarthen, J.P. Carmarthen and Cardigan, and D.L. for latter co., retired Capt. and Adjt. Royal Cardigan Militia, b. 13 Dec. 1831; m. 29 Jan. 1863, Sarah Amelia, 2nd dau. of Samuel Brown, Esq. of Clifton, Bristol, and has issue, 1) Ilbert Cornish Bassett, b. 28 April, 1868. 2) Eleanora Constance.

Lineage—The Rev. Thomas Lewis, J.P. for co. Brecon, and D.L., for co. Carmarthen, Rector of Penboyr, co. Carmarthen, son of Lewis Lewis, Esq., a Deputy-Lieutenant for co. Carmarthen, and his wife, Barbara Lloyd, of Llancarvan, co. Glamorgan, and his wife, Barbara Lloyd, of Llancarvan, co. Glamorgan, m. 11 Aug. 1762, Elizabeth Studley, of Shropshire, and had (besides two daus., Elizabeth and Susanna) a son, The Rev. Lewis Lewis, of Gwinfe, co. Carmarthen, J.P. and D.L., Rector of Clovelly, Devon, m. 22 Sept. 1802, Eleanora, eldest dau. of the late John Davie, Esq. of Orleigh, Devon, and had issue, 1) Lewis, his heir. 2) Thomas, m. 19 April, 1836, Victoire Maire, 4th dau. of Andrew Houston, Esq. of the Island of Grenada, and has issue, i) Andrew Courtenay, b. 31 Jan. 1837. ii) George May, b. 23 Aug. and d. Oct. 1840. iii) Charles Houston, b. 17 Feb. 1844. iv) Eleanora Harriette. 3) Eleanora Elizabeth, m. Oct. 1827, Charles Bishop, Esq., eldest son of John Rees Bishop, Esq. of Dolgarrog, co. Carnarvon. Mr. Lewis d. 1826, and was s. by his son, Lewis Lewis, Esq. of Gwinfe, J. P. and D.L., b. 23 Dec. 1805 ; m. 9 March, 1830. Miss Sarah Simmons Barnes Colborne, dau. of William Collborne, Esq. of Clifton, co. Gloucester, and niece of the late William Barnes, Esq. of Redland Court, co. Gloucester, and d. 1859, leaving issue, Charles Bassett, now of Gwinfe. Lewis Gwvn, Lieut. Indian Navy, b. 21 Sept. 1834. Edward Studley, an officer in the army, b . 21 Nov. 1836. Frank Davie, b. 31 May, 1838. George Septimus, b. 21 Sept. 1848. Eleanora Jane. Eustatia Harriette. Augusta Blanche. Arms—Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gn., a griffin segreant or, for Lewis; 2nd and 3rd. sa., three nags’ heads erased or, for Lloyd. Crest—a demi-griffin segreant couped or. Motto,—Facta non verba. Seat—Gwinfe, near Llangadock, CO. Carmarthen ; also 46, Marine Terrace, Aberystwith.

LEWIS OF HENLLAN
Lewis, John Lennox Griffith Poyer, Esq. of Henllan, co. Pembroke, J.P. for cos. Carmarthen and Pembroke, D.L. and High Sheriff for the latter co. 1867, of St. John’s Coll. Cambridge, Barrister-at-Law, b. 22 Oct. 1819; m. 3 Feb. 1857, Katherine Callen, youngest dau. of Daniel Poyer Callen, Esq. of Molleston.

Lineage— The early pedigree of the family of Lewis is given in the Book of Golden Grove, penes the Earl of Cawder. Richard Lewis, Esq. of Henllan (son of Roger Lewis, who was son of Lodwich, and grandson of Roger Lewis, the last named in the Golden Grove M.S.), m. 1744 Mary, dau. of John Griffith, Esq. of Glan-y-rhydd, and had issue, John; David; Catherine; Margaret; and Mary. The 2nd, but only surviving son, David Lewis, Esq., m. 1785, Elizabeth, dau. of Morgan Lewis of Carmarthen, and had, John; Owen Evan; Mary; Margaret; Elizabeth; Catherine; and Elinor. The eldest son, John Lewis, Esq. of Henllan, m. 1st 1818, Eliza, dau. of Charles P. Callen, Esq. of Grove, co. Pembroke, and by her had, John Lennox Griffith Poyer, now of Henllan.; Richard (Ven.), Archdeacon of St. David’s, b. 1820, M.A. 1846, late Scholar of Worcester Coll. Oxford, Rector of Lampeter Vestry, co. Pembroke, 1841, m. 1847, Georgiana, dau. of Capt. Lewis, H.E.I.C.S., and has one son, Arthur Griffith Poyer, Barrister-at-Law, J.P., Registrar of St. David’s, b. 29 Feb. 1848. He m. 2ndly, 1824, Elizabeth, dau. of William Humphreys of Pembroke, and by her had, Frederick, deceased.; Charles, deceased.; Hubert; Elizabeth, m. the Rev. Mr. Garbett. Mr. Lewis d. 17 March, 1834, and was s. by his eldest son. Motto—”Be wise as serpents. Seat—Henllan, near Narberth, co. Pembroke. Club—Oxford and Cambridge, London.

LEWIS OF STRADEY
Lewis, Charles Mansel, Esq. of Stradey, co. Carmarthen, J.P., b. 2 Dec. 1845; m. 1875, Edith Clara, 2nd dau. of P.J. Miles, Esq., and has a son, b. 1876. Mr. Lewis is son of David Lewis, Esq. of Stradey, co. Carmarthen, J.P. and D.L., High Sheriff 1833, of Brazenose Coll. Oxford, B.A., Barrister-at-Law, M.P. for the Carmarthen Boroughs 1835-37 (only son and heir, by Catherine his wife, 2nd dau. of William Lloyd, Esq. of Laques, co. Carmarthen, of Thomas Lewis, Esq. of Stradey, who s. to that estate 1807, under the will of Mrs. Mansel, dau. and eventual sole heir of Sir Edward Vaughan Mansel, Bart. The late Mr. Lewis m. 9 June, 1836, Laetitia, youngest dau. of the late Benjamin Way, Esq. of Denham Place, Bucks, and had issue 1) Charles William Mansell, now of Stradey. 2) Fanny Louisia 3) Rowena Harriet Mansel, d. 2 Oct. 1844. Seat—Stradey, near Llanelly, co. Carmarthen.

LEWIS OF HENLLYS AND BODIOR. 

Beaumaris Castle approx. 1610

Hampton – Lewis, Thomas Lewis, Esq. of Henllys and Bodior, co. Anglesey, J.P. and D.L., High Sheriff 1869, Lieut.-Col. Commanding Royal Anglesey Engineer Militia, late of H.M. Hon. Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms, and formerly Capt. 5th Dragoon Guards, b. 9 Aug. 1834 ; m. 20 Feb. 1872, Lettice, second dau. of Henry Pritchard, Esq. J.P. and D.L., of Trescawen, Anglesey, and has issue, John Lewis, b. 1 Oct. 1876. Mary Gwendolen.

Lineage.—William Hampton, descended, it is stated, from an ancient Lancashire family, formed one of the garrison of Beaumaris Castle in 1460, and held there the rank of Deputy Governor, as appears from a document bearing his name, giving orders to the inhabitants of the town to extinguish their fires at an appointed hour. He received a grant of Henllys, co. Anglesey, anciently the seat of Gweirydd ap Rhys Goch, chief of one of the Fifteen Tribes of North Wales. The eventual heiress of the Hamptons of Henllys, Mart Hampton, of Henllys (only child of Robert Hampton, Esq., High Sheriff of Anglesey 1732 ; m. April, 1746, John Jones, Esq. of Trefollwyn, son of Hugh Jones, Esq., of the same place, by Ann his wife, dau. of William Lloyd, of Llansadwrn, and had (with a dau., Mary, m. William Lloyd, Esq. of Rockville, co. Roscommon) a son and successor, John Hampton Jones, Esq. of Henllys, b. 24 Feb. 1746, High Sheriff of Anglesey 1770 ; m. 25 June, 1770, Emma, only dau. of the Rev. John Lewis, A.M., of Plas Llanfihangel, Rector of Llandegfain, by Elizabeth his wife, dau. of Thomas Roberts, Esq. of Bodior, and had issue. 1) John Hampton, his heir; 2).Robert Edward (Rev.), 6. April, 1779, B.A. Wadham College Oxford, Chaplain to H.M. forces at the Mauritius, m. 1811, Susanna Dorothea, 2nd dau. of John Williams, Esq. of Peniarth Uchaf, co. Merioneth, and had issue, Henry Berkeley; and Maria Dorothea Wilhelmina Sydney, to. Robert Webster, of the 99th regt. ; 1) Elizabeth Margaret, d. unm; 2). Jane Lewis. The elder son, John Hampton Hampton-Lewis, Esq. of Henllys, b. 21 Nov. 1775, s. his father 12 Sept. 1806. He m. 19 Dec. 1796, Mary, dau. of Richard Chambers, Esq. of Whitbourn Court and Cradley Hall, co. Hereford, and had issue by her (who d. 1842), John Lewis, late of Henllys and Bodior. Joseph, b. 2 Feb. 1800, Col. 50th regt. of native infantry, H.E.l.C.S. ; to. Ellen, dau. of Major H.E.I.C.S., and has issue, John Lewis, 6. 27 March, 1827. Emma, d. Aug. 1819. Mary Margaret, to. 22 Nov. 1825, Alexander Anderson, Esq. of Kingask, co. Fife, Major E.l.C. Engineers, and has issue. Anna Maria Surinam, to. 16 June, 1835, Charles Longman, Esq., 2nd son of Thomas Norton Longman, Esq. of Mount Grove, Hampstead, Middlesex, and has issue, Mr. Hampton-Lewis d. 22 Jan. 1843, and was s. by his son, John Lewis Hampton-Lewis, Esq. of Henllys and Bodior, J.P. and D.L., High Sheriff 1846, late Capt. 5th Dragoon Guards, 6. 18 Oct. 1798; m. 2 Sept. 1833, Frances Elizabeth, only child ar.d heiress of Thomas I’Anson, Esq. of Harnby, co. York, and d. 1871, having had issue, I. Thomas Lewis Hampton, now of Henllys and Bodior. II. John Vivian Hampton, b. 18 June, 1835; m. 1 June, 1868, Lady Laura Phipps, dau. of the Marquess of Normanby. _ I. Fanny Mary Hampton. M. II. Mary Freeman Grace Hampton. Arms—Quarterly : 1st and 4th, quarterly, 1st and 4th, arg., a chevron sa. between three Cornish choughs ppr., in the beak of each an ermine spot, for Lewis, 2nd and 3rd, gu., on a chevron between three bucks’ heads cabossed arg. a crescent of the field for difference, for Roberts of Bodior ; 2nd and 3rd, gu., on a fess or, between a mullet in chief and an escallop in base arg. three martlets sa., for Hampton. Crests—1st, A Cornish chough ppr., in the dexter claw a fleur-de-lis az., for Lewis ; 2nd, A wyvem amidst bulrushes ppr., for Hampton. Motto—A Deo et rege. Seats -Henllys, near Beaumaris; and Bodior, near Holyhead. Clubs—Carlton.

LEWIS OF INNISKEEN AND SEATOWN.
Lewis, Henry Owen, Esq. of Inniskeen, co. Monaghan, and Seatown, co. DubUn, J.P. and D.L., M.P. for Carlow, b. 26 Sept. 1842 ; m. 8 Aug. 1866, Frances Sophia, only child of the late Francis Charles Elsegood, Esq. of Upper Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, and has had issue 1) Henry Owen, 6. 12 Sept. 1857 ; d. an infant. 2) Arthur Francis Owen, b. Aug. 1688. 3) Francis Owen, 6. 17 Aug. 1869. 4) Cyril Alexander Owen, b. 28 Jan. 1871. 5) Frances Isabella Sophia Mary Owen. m. Frederica Sophia Elizabeth Mary Owen, for whom His Majesty the King of Hanover stood sponsor.

Lineage.—Francis Lewis (stated to have been of an ancient Welsh family) settled in Ireland about the middle of the 17th century, and acquired property in the cos. of Kildare, Meath, and the Queen’s Co. He in.. Elizabeth Budurda, and was father of William Lewis, Esq. of Tullygory, co.Kildare, m. Margaret, au. of Francis Roberts, Esq., by Jean O’Kelly his wife, and was s. by his son, Michael Lewis, Esq. of Tullygory, m. Susanna, dau. Of Edmund Jones, Esq., M.P. for Daleek a.d. 1696, by Rebecca his wife, dau. of William Crutchley, Esq. of Crutchley Hall, co. Stafford, and had a son and successor, Robert Lewis, Esq. of Dublin, and of the Queen’s Co., m. Anne, dau. of Arthur Gambell, Esq. of Washford, co. Westmeath, M.P. for Ballyshannon, by Elizabeth his wife, dau. Of Major John D’Alton, of Dunnel Castle, co. AVestmeatU. By Anne Gambell, his wife, Robert Lewis had a son and heir, Michael Lewis, Esq. of Spring Hill, co. Dublin, m. 1786, Anne, only dau. of R.. Frizell, Esq. of Beaufort House, co. Dublin, and had issue by her (who d. 1825), William, of Harlech, co. Dublin, and of Kileullen, co. Kildare, m. Dora, dau. of the late John Cassidy, Esq. of Monasterevan, and d.. 1850, leaving issue, John Harvey, of Kileullen, co. Kildare, J.P. and D.L. for Middlesex, High Sheriff co. Kildare 1857, M.A. Trin. Coll. Dublin, 1838, b. 1814; m. 1st, 27 Aug. 1840, Emily Owen, only child of George Ball, Esq. of Richmond, Surrey, which lady d. s. p. 11 Nov. 1850. He m. 2ndly, Jane Isabella, dau. of the late William Brown, Esq. Mr. Harvey Lewis was M.P. for Marylebone from 1861 to 1874. William, b. 1818; m. 1845, Jane, dau. of Michael Hackett, Esq. of Elm Grove, King’s Co., and has issue, William and Harvey. Edward Valentine. Mary Anne, m. 1832, Robert Morellet AUoway, Esq., J.P., of the Derries, Queen’s Co. Arthur Gambell, of whom presently. Rlchard, m. 1st, Emily Osborne, of London; 2ndly, a dau. Of Thomas Taylor, Esq. of Polygon House, Southampton ; and 3rdly, Frances Tyler, niece of Admiral Sir Charles Tyler, and left issue. Robert, R.N., m. Elizabeth, 3rd dau. of Sir Richard Onslow, Bart., K.B., Vice-Admiral of England and Gen. of Marines, d. 1840, leaving issue. She d. at Brighton, 25 Nov. 1861. – Edward, m. his cousin, Henrietta, dau. And co-heir of H. Loftus Frizell Esq., and has issue. Edmond Jones (Rev.), m. Elizabeth, dau. of the Rev. William Lyster, and niece of James, Bishop of Dromore, and has issue. Anne, m. Major J. Fielding Sweeny, and has issue. Eleanora, m. F. Bernard Sweeny, Esq. Charlotte, m. Capt. Stuart. Michael Lewis d. 1824. His second son, Lieut.-Col. Arthur Gambell Lewis, D.L. and J.P., High Sheriff of Monaghan 1847, and Longford 18G5, 6. 7 Dec. 1790; m. 1st, 1820, Hester, 2nd dau. of Richard Westenra, Esq. of Rutland Square, Dublin, uncle to Lord Rossmore, by whom he had issue, Maurice Peppard Warren, LL.D., b. 1821 ; d. Unmarried 1865. 2ndly, 1841, Henrietta, relict of the Hon. Richard Westenra, 2nd son of Lord Rossmore (d. 1860), and only child and heiress of Henry Owen Scott, Esq. of Scotstown, co. Monaghan, by Olivia his wife, 2nd dau. and co-heiress of John Owen, Esq. of Raconnell, near Monaghan, by whom he had, Henry Owen now of Inneskeen and Scatown. Col. Lewis, who had formerly served in the 68th regt., and was subsequently Lieut.-Col. of the Monaghan Militia, d. 22 Sept. 1869. Arms—Sa., a chevron erm. between three spear heads arg. a crescent gu. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet a plume of five ostritch feathers gu. and az. charged with a chevron or, thereon a crescent gu. Motto—Bid Llu Hebb Llydd. Residence—19, Seymour Street, Portman Square.

LEWISES, MERIWETHERS AND THEIR KIN – COMPILED FROM FAMILY PAPERS AND FROM RELIABLE SOURCES BY SARAH TRAVERS LEWIS (SCOTT) ANDERSON
The Lewis Families in Virginia ~ We have knowledge of six Lewis families of different descents and time of emigration to Virginia. These different dates of arrival in Virginia preclude all thought of “the three brothers.” And so far as is known, the earlier generation of these lines of Lewises did not claim to be kin, though in old deeds they sometimes referred to each other as executors in a ceremonious way. 1) Robert Lewis of Brecon, emigrated 1635 2) John Lewis of Hanover, emigrated 1640 3) John Lewis of Henrico, emigrated 1660 4) Zachary Lewis, emigrated 1694 5) John Lewis of Donegal, emigrated 1732 6) John Lewis of Shenandoah, Va, emigrated 1737 whose 3rd child was born in Shenandoah, Va. From General Robert Lewis of Brecon, Wales, descend the “Meriwether Lewises” with many other lines of the “Warner Hall Lewises.” John Lewis of Hanover, emigrated from Wales, 1640, died in Virginia 1726, will probated in Hanover – fifth child, David Lewis lived near or at “Birdwood”, near Charlottesville; his descendants, the Piedmont Maurys, Barkesdales and Frys still live near their old home. These Lewises scattered widely and bore a wonderful Revolutionary record. This David Lewis died in Albemarle in 1779. His descendant, Maj. Micajah Lewis, commanded a company at Kings Mountain in which were twenty-three Lewises-all descended from this same David. This family was noted for longevity. John Lewis of Henrico County appears 1660. From him descended – Major John Lewis of Goochland, who married Mildred, daughter of Robert Lewis and Jane Meriwether. This family intermarried with the “RoBards”, Cocks, Moseleys, etc. Zachary Lewis I, born 1650, name of wife unknown, took up lands in Virginia on Dragon Swamp in what is now King William or King and Queen County. Two sons are definitely known, John, and Zachary II. Descendants of these are many and widely scattered. They intermarried largely with the Belvoir Lewises. Note: “Planter John Lewis” of Albemarle near Scottsville seems a separate line, supposed to be descended from, or related to Zachary Lewis. The will of this John Lewis is in Albemarle records, written July 1786. This family intermarried with Gilmers, Gnautts and Pattersons. John Lewis of Donegal settle at Stauton, Augusta County, 1732. His family, wonderful for Revolutionary record and for patriotism, is too generally known to require explanation; like the other Lewises, this family is widely scattered, has intermarried with other Lewises, and with other distinguished families. John Lewis himself was the founder of the Augusta County, Va. Among his sons, Col. Charles Lewis was killed at the battle of Point Pleasant. Gen. Andrew Lewis who won that battle, and was later distinguished in the Revolution, lived in what is now Botetourt County. John Lewis’ other sons had useful records and military service. John Lewis of Shenandoah County, Va., born in Wales m. Margaret. They had nine children 1) Reese Lewis b. 1730 2) Susannah Lewis b. 1735 3) Amos Lewis b. 1737, m. Mollie Chrisman 4) Thomas Lewis b. 1739. 5) Annie Lewis b. 1742 6) George Lewis b. 1744 7) Hannah Lewis b. 1746 d. 1748 8) Evan Lewis b. 1749 9) Mordecai Lewis b. 1751 m. Mary Segler. This Mordecai after the Revolution emigrated to Tennessee from Shenandoah carrying with him the old Welsh Bible brought from Wales. It is now in the possession of his descendants in Marion County, Tennessee. He left eight children.

Early American Immigration and New World Settlers
Lewis Settlers in United States in the 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th Century
Roger Lewis, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
Edm Lewis, who landed in New England in 1634
Edmond Lewis, aged 33, who arrived in America in 1634
Ed Lewis, who landed in New England in 1634
John Lewis, who landed in New England in 1634
Francis Lewis, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
Xto Lewis, who landed in Virginia in 1706
Ellis Lewis, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1708
Ellis Lewis, who settled in Kennett, Pennsylvania in 1708
Jone Lewis, who arrived in Virginia in 1719
Ruhard Lewis, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1802
Susan Lewis, aged 36, who landed in Delaware in 1803
Andw Lewis, aged 20, who landed in Delaware in 1803
Fanny Lewis, aged 70, who landed in Delaware in 1803
Fanny, Lewis Jr., aged 15, who landed in Delaware in 1803
William J Lewis, who arrived in Arkansas in 1901
Harold S Lewis, who landed in Colorado in 1903
Nathaniel Lewis, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1905
Leonard Gaetz Lewis, who arrived in Alabama in 1913

Lewis Settlers in Canada in the 18th, 19th Century
David Lewis, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
John Lewis, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
Thomas Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
Martha Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
Mary Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
Isaac Lewis, who arrived in Canada in 1828
Eleazar Lewis, who arrived in Canada in 1829
Elizabeth Lewis, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1832
Joseph Lewis, aged 27, a chordwinder, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque “Alchymist” from Falmouth, Cornwall, England
John Lewis, aged 25, a currier, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship “Hibernia” from Kinsale, Ireland

Lewis Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
William Lewis, English convict from Shropshire, who was transported aboard the “Ann” on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia
James Lewis, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the “Almorah” on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia
Charles Lewis, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the “Asia” on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia
William Lewis, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the “Asia” on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia
John Lewis, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the “Asia” on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia

Lewis Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
Francis Charles Lewis, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
J Lewis, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Oriental
John Henry Lewis, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
Benjamin Lewis, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
David Lewis, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Oriental

Mottoes
A Deo et rege. From God and the king.
Be wise as a serpent, harmless as a dove.
Gwna a ddylit doed a ddel. Do thy duty come what may.
Ha vena la fide, ha per so I’honore. Faith lost, honour is lost.
Hoec olim meminisse juvabit. It will hereafter delight us to remember these things.
Je meurs ou je m ’attache. I die or I cling.
La fortune passe par tout. The vicissitudes of fortune are common to all.
Ofncr na of no angau. Let him be feared who fears not death
Patrice fidus. Faithful to my country.

Grantees
LEWES, Lady, wife to Sir John Cookes or Cootes, Mayor of London ; 2 June 1545, by ? Hawley. Add. MS. 16,940, fo. 200*’.
LEWES„ Barnaby, of Stock, Dorset, gent., out of Montgomery, confirmed 16 Feb. 1594-5, by W. Dethick, Gart. Q’s Coll. Oxf. MS. 36, fo. 43, for copy of confirmation ; Stowe MS. 676, fo. 11.
LEWYS, David, D.C.L., Judge of the Admiralty. [1553 ?]. Quarterly : 1, chequey or and sa., on a fess gu. three leopards’ faces jessant-de-lis or ; 2, arg., a chev. gu. betw. three oak leaves vert. Crest, on a wreath or and sable a dragon’s head erased vert, langued gules, gorged with a crown argent. By Sir G. Dethick, Gart. Add. MS. 26,753, fo. 123.
LEWES, John, of Mortlake, Surrey, gift …. 1564. (Harvey’s Grants) see wife Joan Fayrechild, Add. MS. 16,940, fo. 6*’ and 56.
LEWIS, John, recorder of Doncaster, etc., assigned, allowed and confirmed 22 Oct. 1586, by Flower. MS. Ashm. 844, fo. 65, copy of grant, Bodleian Lib. ; Guil. 133.
LEWES, Robert, and 1 of Rossenden in Bleane, Kent, gent., exemplified by „ Bevill, / Camden …. arg., a chev. gu. betw. three beavers’ tails ppr. ; crest, a demi-beaver ppr. Harl. MSS. 1422, fo. 20, and 6095, fo. 9 and 19 ; Guil. 256 ; Harl. MS. 5887, fo. 9*’.
LEWIS, Ros (? Rees), of Kery . . . . H. VII. Add. MS. 26,702, fo. 47*’. „ Thomas, of London, esq., 14 Dec. 1661. Bysshe’s Grants, fo. 10, Her. Coll.; Harl. MS. 1105, fo. 18*’.
LEWIS, of Plymouth, co. Devon, and Wales, [1782] Vol. XV, fol. 18.
LEWIS TO VILLIERS, . . . ., of Ledburn Green, Bucks., [1791] Vol. XVII, fol. 328.
LEWIS„ to Owen, . . . ., of Five Fields Row, London, and Wales, [1798] Vol. XX, fol. 267.
LEWIS, . . . ., of St. Pierre, co. Monmouth, [1799] Vol. XX, fol. 334.
LEWIS TO WILKINSON, . . . ., of Castlehead, co. Lane. (nat. children of John Wilkinson), [1808] Vol. XXV, fols. 18 to 22.
LEWIS, William (surname formerlv David), of Brunswick Square, London, and Wales, [1810] Vol. XXVI, f.d. 156.
LEWIS„ Lewis, of CO. Cardigan, Wales, [1815] Vol. XXIX, fol. 119.
LEWIS„ Israel, M.A., of Foxcote, Long Ashton, and Whitechurch, co. Somerset, Llansawel and Llanycrwys, co. Carmarthen, Wales, [1825] Vol. XXXV, fols. 209 and 210.
LEWIS AFTER HAMILTON (formerly Jones), . . . ., of Wales, [1832] Vol. XXXIX, fols. 76 and 79.
LEWIS, Right Hon. Sir Thomas Frauklaud, Bart. [1846], P.C, M.P., of Harpton Court, CO. Radnor, Wale.s, [1846] Vol. XLVIII, fol. 155.
LEWIS-BARNES, Israel, of Gloucester Terrace, Regent’s Park, London, 1858, Vol. Lll, fol. 383 (see Burke).
LEWIS, Sir C. E., Bart. (M.P., Londonderry), died 1893 s.p., 1887, Vol. LXIV, fol. 5.
LEWIS„ James, of Draw, Aberdare, and PwU-Ivor, Llanfigan, Brecon, Wales, 1892, Vol. LXVl, fol. 271.
LEWIS„ Sir William Thomas, of the Mardy, Aberdare, co. Glamorgan, Wales, 1884 Vol. LXII, fol. 268.

Notables
John Llewellyn Lewis (1880-1969), American Labour leader and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Jerry Lewis (1926-2017), born Joseph or Jerome Levitch, an American actor, comedian, singer, film producer, film director, screenwriter, and humanitarian, famous for his partnership with Dean Martin and later his live Labor Day weekend broadcast of the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon for 44 years, known as The King of Comedy
Bernard Lewis FBA (1916-2018), English-born, American historian specializing in oriental studies
Brenda Lewis (1921-2017), American operatic soprano, musical theatre actress, opera director, and music educator, known for her 20-year-long collaboration with the New York City Opera
John Wilson Lewis (1930-2017), American political scientist, professor at Cornell University, William Haas Professor of Chinese Politics at Stanford University
Peirce Fee Lewis (1927-2018), American geographer and professor at Pennsylvania State University, President of the Association of American Geographers (1983-1984)
Mary Edmonia Lewis (1844-1907), African-American and Native American sculptor, regarded as one of the 100 Greatest African Americans
Herschell Gordon Lewis (1926-2016), American filmmaker, best known for his horror films, often called the “Godfather of Gore”
John Reilly Lewis (1944-2016), American founding conductor of the Washington Bach Consort
Andrew Lindsay Lewis Jr., (1931-2016), American businessman and politician, 7th United States Secretary of Transportation (1981-1983)
John Reilley Lewis (1944-2016) who was the founding conductor of the Washington Bach Consort who was also from America
Andrew Lindsay Lewis Jr. (1931-2016) who was a businessman and politician from America, who was also the 7th Secretary of Transportation in the United States from the year 1981 to the year 1983
Monica Lewis (1922-2015) who was born with the name May Lewis, and was a jazz singer from America, who was also a film actress and was the voice of Chiquita Banana
Miss Edith Lewis, who was a 2nd Class Passenger from New York, New York, who was aboard the RMS Lusitania during the sinking of the vessel, and survived the event
Mrs. Jane Lewis, who was a 2nd Class Passenger from New York, New York, who was aboard the RMS Lusitania during the sinking of the vessel, and survived the event
Mr. Isaac John Lewis, who was a 2nd Class Passenger from New York, New York, who was aboard the RMS Lusitania during the sinking of the vessel, and survived the event

American Revolution Veterans
There were over 7400 men that served in the American Revolution. Below you will find just a few of these men.
Andrew Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Brigadier General
Christopher Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Private
Edward Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Sergeant
Elias Lewis, Rhode Island, Rank of Sergeant
Henry Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Private
James Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Lieut-Major
Job Lewis, Connecticut, Rank of Private
John Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Captain
Joseph Lewis, South Carolina, Rank of Matross
Josiah Lewis, Connecticut, Rank of Private
Peter Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Drummer
Robert Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Corporal
Solathiel Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Drum and Fife
Sturgis Lewis, Connecticut, Rank of Private
Taliaferro Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Private
Thomas Lewis, Massachusetts, Rank of Fifer
William Lewis, South Carolina, Rank of Corporal
Zacharias Lewis, Virginia, Rank of Lieutenant
Zadock Lewis, New York, Rank of Sergeant

Civil War Veterans
There were over 12200 men that served in the Civil War. Below you will find just a few of these men.
Aaron Lewis, 28th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Barney Lewis, 15th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry, Union, West Virginia
Charles Lewis, Killough’s Company, Texas Home Guards, Confederate, Texas
Daniel Lewis, 96th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Edward Lewis, 1st Regiment, Vermont Cavalry, Union, Vermont
Frank Lewis, 9th Regiment, Louisiana Infantry, Confederate, Louisiana
Gibson Lewis, 34th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Henry Lewis, 197th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infanty, Union, Pennsylvania
Isom Lewis, 1st Regiment, Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles, CSA, Confederate, Confederate Troops
James Lewis, 8th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Knute Lewis, 8th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Union, Illinois
Lafayette Lewis, Poindexter’s Regiment, Missouri Cavalry, Confederate, Missouri
Moses Lewis, 64th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Nason Lewis, 26th Regiment, Connecticut Infantry, Union, Connecticut
Oldham Lewis, 5th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry, Confederate, Kentucky
Patent Lewis, 84th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Quintus Lewis, 45th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Union, Illinois
Redden Lewis, 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Artillery, Confederate, South Carolina
Scipis Lewis, 123rd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Timothy Lewis, 7th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Union, Wisconsin
Urban Lewis, 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Confederate, North Carolina
Valecine Lewis, 89th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Wallace Lewis, 21st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Union, Ohio
Young Lewis, 67th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, Union, U.S. Colored Troops
Zachariah Lewis, 3rd Regiment, Georgia Reserves, Confederate, Georgia

Lewis Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Lewis blazon are the eagle, lion, dragon and cinquefoil. The three main tinctures (colors) are vert, gules and azure .

The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238 as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172 13Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63 14Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 15A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 16The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60, a sentiment echoed equally today.

Dragons have a long history in Heraldry and indeed have come to symbolise entire countries. Originally they were perhaps based on garbled descriptions of crocodiles given by returning travellers but soon developed a widely accepted representation. 17A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin Wade suggests that their appearance signifies “a most valiant defender of treasure”, a trait of dragons that we are still familiar with today. 18The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P86

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
8. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238
11. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
13. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
14. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
15. A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
16. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60
17. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin
18. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P86