Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (London, 1634). Ar. a cross flory betw. four caltraps az. Crest—A dexter arm in armour ppr. scarfed az. grasping a broken spear gu. headed ar.
2) (co. Salop). Per pale gu. and az. an eagle displ. or.
3) Ar. three pomeis, on each two bendlets wavy of the field.
4) (Milton, near Thame, co. Oxford; of this family was John Milton, the Poet). Ar. an eagle displ. with two heads gu. beaked and legged sa. Crest—A lion’s gamb erect ar. grasping an eagle’s head erased gu.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Milton Coat of Arms and Family Crest
The name Milton is of Anglo-Saxon/English origin being derived from anyone of the numerous towns or villages which share its name and can be found in Kent, Cumbria, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, and Northumbria. Milton is a compound of two medieval English words, middel which translates exactly as it sounds, meaning “middle” and tun which translates to “enclosed”.
Surnames in Britain prior to the Norman conquest were largely unheard of. In the small settlements and villages which existed during earlier times, residents found little need for surnames as everyone in these communities new each other and a given name would usually suffice. However, with the passage of time, population growth and expansions of communities as villages gave way to towns and cities, it became necessary to add a qualifier to a people’s names to distinguish them, one from another. Therefore one person may have been identified by their given name plus their occupation while another may have been identified by their given name and one of their parent’s names. The introduction of surnames by the Norman aristocracy after the invasion seemed to be the next logical step in this evolution. There was a boundless supply from which surnames could be formed, in addition to the use of patriarchal/matriarchal names or reference to the individuals occupational, there were things such as defining physical traits, to a familiar geographical location or a topographical landmark found near the individuals home or birthplace, the name of the village in which the person lived, and so much more. Soon, surnames would come not just to represent an individual but whole families.
There often exists variations in spelling of many surname’s, as with many names which date back to the early centuries. The variation in spelling of both given and surnames during this time period can be attributed to a lack of continuity regarding guidelines for spelling which was compounded by the diversity of languages in use in European countries at this time. The variations in the spelling of the surname Milton include but not limited to; Milton, Mylton, Meletune, Meletone, and Miletune among others.
The earliest record of any variation of this surname is that of Alan de Milton which appears in the Oxfordshire tax rolls from 1235. These rolls, were a series of census and tax records kept by the
English Treasury by order of King Henry III, with the oldest dating back to the 12th century. They hold the distinction of being the oldest consecutive set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom. These records span a period of over 700 years and have proven invaluable to researches over the years.
The first recorded immigrant to America bearing the surname or any variation of the spelling was Richard Milton who arrived in 1620 and settled in Virginia. William Milton landed and settled in Virginia in 1638. Hannah Milton landed in 1838 and settled in Virginia and William Milton arrived and settled in Virginia in 1651.
There were also many immigrants to the British Common Wealth countries of Canada and Australia bearing the surname Milton. John Milton landed in 1774 and settled in Nova Scotia. Thomas Milton landed in 1784 and settled in Ontario. James Milton landed in 1840 and settled in Adelaide, Australia. George Milton landed in 1848 and settled in Adelaide, Australia. William Milton landed in 1849 and settled in Adelaide, Australia as did John Milton.
Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Milton are found in Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and Sweden. By state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Milton live in Louisiana.
There are many persons of note who bear the surname Milton. Viscount Milton, William Wentworth-FitzWilliam was a member of Parliament in the House of Commons. He was also an avid explorer with one of his most notable treks being an expedition he took with Dr. Walter Butler Cheadle. The men and their party traveled from Quebec City to Victoria, BC. Together the two explorers co-wrote two books about their exploration, “The North-West Passage by Land” and “Voyage de l’Atlantique au Pacifique, a travers le Canada”.
John Milton was born in London, England and is most well known as a poet, primarily for the epic “Paradise Lost”. Most of Milton’s early work garnered him little attention as his early work was published under pseudonyms or anonymously and largely overlooked, until the publication of “Paradise Lost” under his own name. The poem was highly praised and each publishing sold out within months. Milton followed with “Paradise Regained”, which was equally successful. Milton is considered one of the greatest and most influential poets of all time.
Milton Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Milton blazon are the cross flory, eagle, pomeis and chaplet. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, argent and gules .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross flory is typical of these, having each arm end in something very similar to the fleur-de-lys.
Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period . They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject , but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!
The word Pomeis is a simple short-hand for the charge otherwise known as a roundle vert, and represented as a plain green circle. Its origin is obviously in the French word pomme, meaning “apple”. Indeed, Wade conflates the symbology of the “pomeis” with that of all fruit representations, being suggestive of “liberality, felicity and peace”.