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Salisbury Family Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Salisbury Name
This surname of Saxon origin has several origin stories. First, some theorize that is a local name meaning “of Wilshire”, which is a city in the county of Wilshire. The city was known as Sorviodunum to the Romans. Second, some believe it is local meaning “of Salesbury”, a village/parish between Blackburn and Ribchester in England. The corruption is a slight one, and merely imitative of the name of the southern cathedral city. Bury is a suffix meaning hill. One author claims it means the town of health or the dry town, as the historic town of Salisbury was built on a hill where there was no water. Another author believes the name means Searo’s Stronghold, from Seaoburh or Sereburh, which is a personal name deriving from the Old English word searo (armor or arms) and burh (a stronghold). The Sorvio prefiz was corrupted to Searo. Another author notes it derives from the Old English salh (willow) and burh (fortress or manor).
At the time the Domesday Book was composed, Edward de Sarisberie, also known as Edward Viceccomes, was tenant in chief at Wilshire and other counties. He was the son of Walter de Evrenx. The baronet’s samily descend from Adam de Salusbury, who was captain of the castle of Denbigh after the Norman Conquest. His grandson was John Salusbury of Llewenny.
Early recorded people bearing this surname include Robert de Salisbyr in county Wiltshire listed in the Hundred Rolls of 1273 AD. Other early bearers of this name include Ralph Salibury of Hindley (1670 from Wills at Chester), Thomas Salisbury (1669 from Chipping), Richard Salisbury (1669 from Chipping), and Henry Salisbury (1626 in Chipping). Early marriages include Henry Salysberye to Jone Mathewe in 1547 in St. Michael in Cornhill.
In his book, Homes of Family Names, H.B. Guppy states “The Salisburys of the Preston district take their name from Salisbury in the adjoining parish of Blackburn, where lived the old family of Salesbury or Salebury, of Salesbury Hall, in the 13th century. The Derbyshire Salisburys probably hail from Lancashire”.
The earldom of Salisbury is discussed at length in Bernard Burke’s book, Peerage and Baronetage. The first person mentioned is Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil (born 1893), the Marquess of Salisbury, Earl of Salisbury, Viscount Cranborne, Dorset, and Baron Cecil of Essendeon, Rutland, and co-heir of the Barony of Ogle, was a Lieutenant who served in World War I from 1915-1918. He succeeded his father as the 5th Marquess in 1947 and married Elizabeth Vere, the eldest daughter of Lord Richard Frederick Cavendish.
One of the family mottoes is sero sed serie, which means “late but in earnest”.
Early settlers in America bearing this name include William Salisbury (Virginia 1623), Roger Salisbury (Virginia 1638), William Salisbury (Massachusetts 1648), and Charles Salisbury (Georgia 1775).
Notes on grantees of arms with the surname Salisbury: 1) late Markham, Richard Anthony, of Chapel Allerton Hall, co. York, and Exeter, co. Devon, [1785?], 2) Bishop of , [John] Fisher, , and 3) Marquess of, Gascoigne-Cecil quartering.
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Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) (Barnstaple, co. Devon; Richard Salisbury, Visit. Devon, 1620, grandson of John Salisbury, whose ancestor was a younger son of Salisbury, of co. Denbigh). (Buckland, co. Devon; William Salisbury, aged 74, Visit. Devon, 1620, a branch of Salisbury, of Barnstaple). Gu. a lion ramp. crowned or, betw. three crescents ar. Crest—Two lions ramp. combatant ar. ducally crowned or, supporting a crescent gold.
2) (Ravenston, co. Leicester; Thomas Salisbury, aged 24, Visit. Leicester, 1619, son and heir of Ambrose Salisbury, of Ravenston, the great-grandson of John Salisbury, of same place, temp. Henry VI.). Gu. a lion ramp. ar. betw. three crescents or. Crest—On a mount ppr. a lion ramp. ar. holding in the dexter paw a crescent or.
3) (Newton Burgelaine, co. Leicester; Richard Salisbury, aged 34, Visit. Leicester, 1619, son and heir of William Salisbury, who was great-grandson of Richard Salisbury, both of same place, the second brother of John Salisbury, of Ravenston, same co., temp. Henry VI.). Same Arms and Crest, the lion, both in the arms and crest, charged on the shoulder with a crescent for diff.
4) (Roger Salisbury, temp. Richard II.). Gu. a cross pattée ar. betw. three leopards’ faces or.
5) (Manchester, co. Lancaster). Gu. a lion ramp. betw. three crescents ar. Crest—A demi lion ramp. couped ar. crowned or, holding in the paws a crescent, as in the arms.
6) (co. Northampton). Gu. a lion ramp. ar.
7) (Catanger, co. Somerset). Gu. a lion ramp. double queued ar. ducally crowned or, betw. three crescents of the last.
8) Ar. a lion ramp. sa. crowned or.
9) Gu. a lion ramp. ar. in the dexter paw a crescent of the second.
10) Az. crusily fitchée or, a lion ramp. ar. crowned of the second.
11) Az. billettée and a griffin segreant or.
12) Sa. a griffin segreant or.
13) Or, an eagle displ. vert.
14) Ar. three fusils in fess gu.
15) (Salisberye). Az. on a saltire ar. five martlets gu.
16) (Sir Robert Salisbury, kniglited, 1593, by Sir William FitzWilliam, Lord Deputy of Ireland). Gu. a lion ramp. ar. crowned or, betw. three crescents of the second.