Rome Coat of Arms

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Clowden, Scotland, 1780). Motto—Pungit sed placet. Ar. on a bend az. betw. two roses gu. a thistle betw. two fleurs-de-lis or. Crest—A slip of a rose tree bearing roses ppr.
2) Ar. a fess gu. in chief a lion pass. of the second. Crest—A lion pass. ppr.
3) Ar. a fess sa. in chief a lion pass. gu.
4) Or, an eagle displ. with two necks sa. armed az.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Rome Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Rome Origin:

Latin, France

Origins of Rome:

This unique and fascinating name of many alternate spellings have two potential origins. The first origin is from the particular Latin name “Romanus”, which itself initially a pre-Christian surname or family name. This name produced by many ancient religious men or Holy person, containing a 7th Century Rouen priest or Church man. It is very famous in Northern France, made known into England by the Normans after the invastion of the year 1066. The second imaginable origin is from the Old French “Romeyn”, and the new location of the surname either from Rome or Italy. The name actually may apply to one who had traveled to Rome, perhaps on a long journey. According to the early recordings of the surname in England there was a William Rome of Sussex in the premium Rolls in 1296. John Roman of Essex in the 1367 rolls of Chelmsford, John de Rome of Yorkshire in the Poll Tax rolls in 1379, and George Romans of the same division in the Friary rolls of the year 1636. According to the next recordings of the surnames, there was Thomas Romines who married Dorothy Mattlersey at Holy Trinity, York, on January 23 1639, at the same place Thomas Roome, the son of Thomas Roome of the Church of St Johns, Barbadoes’ was named there in November 1679. The coat of arms gifted in Scotland in 1780 has the blazon of a silver shield, on a blue curve between two red roses, a thistle between two fleur de lis in gold. At the peak is a rose tree bearing many roses.

Variations:

More common variations are: Roome, Romeo, Romey, Romeu, Romei, Romme, Romeh, Romea, Roume, Rhome.

England:

The origins of the surname Rome in England can be found in Dumfriesshire, a Southern place, at the border of England that now became a part of the Dumfries and Galloway where people held a family seat from early times, believed to be from about the 12th century. When the Rome family settled at Gretna, they became good friends and partners of the Johnston clan. They were recorded in the Scottish Parliament as a clan in the year 1597 and responsible for the protection of Annandale, against the English.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Adam Romayn, dated 1208, in the “Surrey Curia Rolls.” It was during the time of King John, who was known to be the “Lackland,” 1199 – 1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.

United States:

People with the surname Rome settled in the United States beginning in the 18 century. Some of the people of Rome family who settled in the United States in the 18th century included

Nicholas Rome and Nicholas Rome would eventually settle in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the same year 1750.

The following century saw more Rome surnames arrive. People with the Rome surname who came to the United States in the 19th century included Ann Rome, George Rome, Jane Rome and John Rome arrived in New York in the same year 1822. Joseph Rome arrived in Allegany Division, Pennsylvania in the year 1838.

Canada:

People with the Rome surname settled in Canada starting in the 17 century. Francois Rome arrived in Montreal in the year 1653.

People with the surname Rome who arrived in the 19th century in Canada included Edmund Rome landed in Canada in the year 1832.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Rome: United States 6,485; England 764; India 608; Argentina 388; Mexico 1,073; Pakistan 1,760; Belgium393; Italy 1,086; Philippines 1,611; France 2,168.

Notable People:

David Rome (1910-1970), was an English cricket player

Harold Rome (1908–1993), was an American writer

Jim Rome (born 1964), was an American host of a radio talk show about sports

Richie Rome was an American director and producer

Sydne Rome was an American artist, and was born in 1951

Rome Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Rome blazon are the rose, fleur-de-lis, thistle and lion passant. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.1The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. The rose is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It has long been present in English heraldry, and as a badge and symbol played an enormous in English history throughout the conflict between rival dynasties known as the War of the Roses. In addition to these familial uses, Wade suggests that red roses signify “beauty and grace” and the white represents “love and faith”. 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P132-133

The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 8Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489

The thistle as a symbol is inevitably associated with Scotland, although more often as a badge rather than appearing as an item upon a shield. 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P270 Despite its prickly reputation the images of this flowering plant are very striking and they are usually shown with leaves to either side in quite an accurate representation. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:thistle

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References   [ + ]

1. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P132-133
8. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P270
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:thistle