Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Wimbledon, co. Surrey, Elsenham Hall, co. Essex, and Farthington Lodge, co. Northampton). Quarterly, gu. and ar. on a fess per pale yert and or, betw. three horses courant as many roundles all counterchanged. Crest—A wolf’s head erased vert, langued gu. guttée d’or, gorged with a collar gold, charged with three torteaux. Motto—Un Dieu, un roy, une foi.
2) Gu. on a fess betw. three horses courant ar. as many annulets az. Crest—A wolf’s head erased erm.
3) (Thomas Rush, Chapmans, co. Oxford, and co. Suffolk, 1533). Gu. on a fess or, betw. three horses courant ar. as many hurts.
4) On a fess or, betw. three horses courant ar. as many pellets.
5) Ar. on a chev. az. three crescents of the field.
6) Chequy or and vert, a fess gu.
7) (co. Essex, 1605). Gu. a fess or, betw. three horses courant ar. Crest—An arm in armour garnished or, holding in the hand by the hair the head of a man, the neck dropping blood all ppr.
8) (co. Suffolk). Gu. on a fess or, betw. three colts ar. as many hurts. Crest—A fox’s head erased ar. guttée de vert.
9) (со. Suffolk). Purp. on a fess or, betw. three horses pass. ar. as many hurts. Crest—A horse’s head erased vert guttée ar.
10) (co. Wilts). Sa. a wolf salient ar. in chief three crosses fitchée of the second.
11) (Sir Francis Rushe, knighted by Robert, Earl of Essex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, at Maryborough, the Fort of Leix, 17 May, 1599). Gu. a fess or, betw. three colts in full course ppr. Crest—A wolf’s head erased erm.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Rush Coat of Arms and Family Crest
This surname is derived from the nickname Rous, and is a spelling variant of the surname Russ. It may derive from the French name Rousse. One author claims it is a proveneialism for “subtle”, likely corrupted by the from the French ruse. Other authors mention that Rush is the name of a location in Dublin, Ireland, which is a small town near the sea in Fingal. In Ireland, it most commonly found in Monaghan and Mayo counties. The German equivalent is Rüsch or Rosch. Other authors mention German/Swiss roots, as a one Luczo Rosche was recorded in city of Ulm in 1319 AD.
The Dictionary of American family names states that the name is topographic and states it refers to “someone who lived among rushes”, deriving from the Old English word rysc. Alternatively, the authors theorize it may be an occupational name for persons who wove baskets and mats using rushes. Rushes are grass like plants with evergreen leaves. The authors also mentiond the Gaelic name Ó Ruis, meaning “descendant of Ros”.
Early notables with this surname include Anthony Rushe in 1554 AD. Two early recorded marriages are Thomas Rushe to Elizabeth Smyth at St. James Clerkenwell in 1600, and Thomassine Rush to Hugh Massie in London in 1638. The Subsidy Rolls in mention a Alan le Russere in 1296 AD.
Bernard Burke’s book “The Landed Gentry” discusses a family known as Rush of Farthinghoe, with a lineage that traces back to William Rush of St. Botolph near Colchester, who was born in 1611 AD and married Ann Stuart, and had six children: William, Samuel, George, Ann, John, and Anna. Other bearers of this surname this surname that Burke mentions are Alfred George Anderson Rush who was born in 1851 and Samuel Rush born in 1613 who purchased lands in London and married Hannah Creffield, as well as several other notables.
The most famous American that bore this surname was Dr. Benjamin Rush (1746-1813), a Pennsylvania statesmen who was a member of the Continental Congress and was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, who is also known as the “father of American psychiatry”. His parents were John Rush (who served as a Troop of Horse commander in Oliver Cromwell’s Army) and Susanna Hall. He had three sons: Jacob Rush, Julia (Stockton) Rush, and William Rush.
Several Rushes were recorded as coming to Pennsylvania in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Other Rushes in early America were Mary Rush who came to Virginia in 1705 and Andrew and James Rush who arrived in New York in 1854.
Rush Coat of Arms Meaning
See glossary for symbol meaning.