Rushworth Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Rushworth Name
Origins of Rushworth:
According to the early recording of the spelling of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed in many spellings such as Rsihworth, Rushworth, Rushworthe, Rushsorth and much more, this is an old English surname. It is geographical from a dweller by rush beds “rysse – worp” or more similar from one of the many English hamlets called Rishworth in Yorkshire or Rushford in Norfolk and Warwickshire. Both these latter two hamlets show in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 as Risseworth. Most of the early documentations are from East Anglia, although after that, the surname became famous in the Yorkshire region. Examples of the early surname records containing William de Rushworthe, the champion of Santon in Norfolk in 1368, and John de Russorthe in the Premium Tax rolls of the similar period. The surname advancement contains John Rushworth M.A. (1612 – 1690) Clerk of the House of Commons and Secretary to Oliver Cromwell (1650), while Mr. John Rushworth noted as being a Plantation owner in Barbadoes in 1679 and a representative of the Honourable Colonel Symon Lamberts’ Troops of Horse Militia.
More common variations are: Rushorth, Rishworth, Rushwirth, Rushwarth, Rushwurth.
The surname Rushworth first appeared in Norfolk where they held a family seat at Ruscuuorda listed in the Domesday Book derived in 1086 by William, Duke of Normandy, as a manse and farm having 52 goats for tax purposes. John, nephew of Waleran, the great Baron of Essex, was the under-tenant having from the Abbot of Ely, the main resident. It was Norman practice for the sons or nephews of Barons to name themselves after their holdings to differentiate themselves from the main line of the family. Hence, John de Rushworth or Rushford.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Dominia de Ruseworth, dated about 1273, in the “Hundred Rolls of landowners of the county of Norfolk.” It was during the time of King Edward 1st, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Rushworth had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Rushworth landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Rushworth who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Edward Rushworth, who landed in New England in the year 1643.
The following century saw more Rushworth surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Rushworth who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Joseph Rushworth at the age of 23, arrived in New York, NY in 1850. Mrs. Rushworth and Joseph Rushworth both of whom also arrived in New York, New York in the same year 1850.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Rushworth: England 2,409; United States 474; Australia 434; South Africa 292; Canada 204; New Zealand 142; Scotland 138; Malaysia 101; Wales 68; Spain 19.
Harold Montague Rushworth (August 1880–April 1950) was a New Zealand political leader of the Country Party.
John Rushworth (c.1612–May 1690) was an English advocate, professor, and leader who sat in the House of Commons at different times between 1657 and 1685. He composed a series of works including the English Civil Wars all over the 17th century called Historical Collections.
Robert Aitken “Bob” Rushworth (October 1924 – March 1993), (Maj Gen, USAF), was an American World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam War pilot, mechanical and aeronautical engineer, and the United States Air Force test pilot for the North American X-15 program.
Rushworth Kidder (1944–2012), was an American scholar and writer.
Val Rushworth (contemporary), is a British road and track racing cyclist.
Verity Rushworth (born 1985), is an English television actress.
Rushworth Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Rushworth blazon are the eagle, bend and pellet. The main tincture (color) is vert.
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238 as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146 One of the simplest such shapes is the plain circle, known to heralds as the roundle. 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Roundle So popular is this charge that a shorthand has arisen for roundles of a particular colour and pellet is a roundle sable, or black. It is also known as an ogress or gunstone. Most authorities agree that the English usage signifies the “Manchet cake” or communion wafer and thus is a symbol of religious allegiance.