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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Ermines three salmons haurient ppr. in chief a cross pattee or. Crest—A lion pass. or, collared and chained sa. supporting an escutcheon az. thereon a cross pattee gold.
2) (Wildheath, co. Chester, and Hackney, co. Middlesex; 1621).Sa. three salmons haurient or. Crest—An armed arm sa. purfled or, issuing out of a cloud ppr. and holding in the hand a falchion gold.
3) (France). Or, on a fess az. a spur-rowel ar. in base a lion naissant gu. armed and langued sa. Crest—A lion naissant, as in the arms.
4) (or Samon) (Odiham, co. Hants). Sa. a boar’s head couped in fess betw. two pheons ar.
5) (West Barsham, co. Norfolk; confirmed by Cooke, Clarenceux, 1591, to Paul Salmon). Or, three escutcheons az. each charged with a lion ramp. ar. Crest—A lion pass. or, holding in the dexter paw a Trojan shield az.
6) (Penllyne Court, co. Glamorgan). Motto—Dum spiro spero.Quarterly, 1st and 4th, sa. three salmons haurient or; 2nd and 3rd, ar. a chev. betw. three fleurs-de-lis gu. Crest—An arm in armour issuing out of a cloud ppr. the hand grasping a scymitar also ppr.
7) (Olveston, co. Gloucester). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, sa. three salmons haurient or, for Salmon; 2nd and 3rd, or, a lion ramp. gu., for Pomeroy.
8) (Finingley, co. Nottingham). Sa. three salmons haurient ar.
9) (co. Nottingham). Sa. two salmons addorsed ar.
10) (co. York).Gu. three salmons haurient ar.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Salmon Coat of Arms and Family Crest

This surname derives from the old Hebrew personal name Solomon or Solomon, meaning “peaceable”.  The Old High German word or Old English word salo meaning tawny or dark. It is an occupational name for a trades name for the fish. The name was often Latinized in mediaeval documents de Sancto Alemondo, which suggests the French ecclesiastical place name of St. Almond.

Another source believes the name derives from Saleman as referenced in Brayley’s Surrey: “The manor of Salmons in Caterham co. Surrey is known to have belonged, temp. Edward III., to Roger Saleman”, which possibly refers to a salesman or an attendant or keeper of a hall.

Sir Nowell Salmon

Sir Nowell Salmon (1835-1912), Admiral of the Fleet
© National Portrait Gallery, London

William Salmon

William Salmon (1644-1713), Empiric and writer
© National Portrait Gallery, London

Spelling variants in Middle English are Salamon and Salamond. Some sources list it as a baptismal name meaning “the son of Solomon”. It may be the surname held be Jewish immigrants to Britain. Other variants include: Salamon, Salaman, Salemans, Salmons, Salmonds, Sammons, and Sammonds.

Early notables include William Salman recorded in 1379. There is an Alexander Sawllmond buried at St. Peter in Cornill in 1574. A John Salmon married Constance Fallwell in 1620 in London. A William Salmond married Elizabeth Corns in 1797 at St. George Hanover Square.

The motto for the surname Salmond is Optima sapienta probitas, meaning “Probity is the best wisdom”.

Salmon Coat of Arms Meaning

See glossary for symbol meaning.

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