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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Nynehead Court, Wellington, co. Somerset). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three bars wavy ar., for Sanford; 2nd, ar. a chev. betw. three martlets sa; 3rd, ar. three ashen keys ppr. betw. two chevronels sa., for Ayshford. Crest—A martlet ppr. Motto—Ferme en foy.
2) (Milverton, co. Somerset; Bartholomew Sanford, eldest son of John Sanford, Esq., of Milverton, who was great-grandson of Hugh Sanford, Esq., of Milverton. Visit. London, 1568). Ar. a chev. betw. three doves sa. beaked and legged gu.
3) (London; Edward Sanford, citizen and merchant tailor, of London, fifth son of John Sanford, Esq., of Milverton. Visit. London, 1568). Same Arms, an annulet or, for diff.
4) (Howgill-Castle, Westmoreland, and Wisbeach, in the Isle of Ely). Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief, two boars’ heads, couped, or.-Crest, out of a ducal coronet gu. a boar’s head and neck or.
5) Ar. a chief gu.
6) (Sandford, co. Salop; descended from Thomas de Sandford, one of the companions in arms of William I., who obtained a grant of the lands of Sandford). (Gloucester Terrace, nyde Park, London; Sir Francis Richard Sandford, C.B., knighted 1863, 51.A., LL.D., Secretary to the Committee of Council on Education for England and Scotland, was Assistant Under Secretary for the Colonies 1868, eldest son of Sir Daniel Keyte Sandford, who was second son of Right Rev. Daniel Sandford, Bishop of Edinburgh, and grandson of Daniel Sandford, Esq., of Sandford). Same Arms and Crest, motto over, Sancte et forte. Motto—Nec temere nec timide. Blazon: Quarterly, per fess indented az. and erm. Crest—A falcon, wings endorsed, preying on a partridge ppr. Motto—Nec temere nec timide.
7) (Sandford Court, co. Kilkenny, now of Reeves Hall, co. Essex, a branch of Sandford, of Sandford, co. Salop; the present representative, George Montagu Warren Sandford, Esq., M.P. for Maldon, the lineal descendant of Thomas Sandford, Esq., of Sandford Court, Secretary to the Lord Deputy of Ireland, 1656, by Alice, his wife, dau. of Henry, second Lord. Blayney, is nephew and heir of General Sir Marmadoke Warren Peacocke, K.C.H., K.T.S., and grandson of Marmaduke Peacocke, Esq., by Mary Peacocke, of Graige and Baltic, co. Clare, eventual heiress of the family of Sandford, of Sandford Court, and the quarterly coat, Sandford and Peacocke, with the respective crests, were exemplified to him on his assuming by royal licence, in 1866, the surname of Sandford in lieu of Peacocke). Quarterly, 1st and 4th grand quarters, Sandford, quarterly, 1st and 4th, quarterly per fess indented erm. and az., 2nd and 3rd, per chev. sa. and erm. in chief two boars’ heads couped or, and in base a mullet az.; 2nd and 3rd grand quarters, Peacocke, quarterly, or and az. over all four lozenges conjoined in cross betw. as many annulets all counterchanged. Crests—1st, Sandford: A falcon, wings endorsed, preying on a partridge all ppr.; 2nd, also Sandford: A boar’s head couped ar. armed and langed gu. and charged with a trefoil slipped vert; 3rd, Peacocke: A cockatrice vert. Motto—Nec temere nec timide.
8) (The Isle of Up Rossall, co. Salop; descended from Nicholas Sandford, Esq., of Calverhall, third son of Nicholas Sandford, Esq., of Sandford, who obtained in 1426 a grant of the estates of The Lee, near Whitchurch). Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief two boars’ heads couped close or, quartering Sprencoeaux, Wynesburt, Jones, Middleton, Ririd Flaidd, Blaidd Rudd, Middleton, Bowdler, Berkeley, and Holland. Crest—A boar’s head couped close or.
9) (Bakewell, co. Derby, and Tirkhill, co. Northumberland; William Sandford. of Bakewell, Visit. Notts, 1614; eldest son of Joun Sandford, of same place, and grandson of William Sandford, of Tirkhill, 9 Henry VIII., A.D. 1517). (Southwell, co. Notts; Francis Sanford, Visit. Nott3, 1614, second son of John Sanford, of Bakewell). Erm. on a chief indented sa. three boars’ heads or.
10) (Canterbury, co. Kent). Ar. on a chev. betw. three martlets sa. an annulet or.
11) (Colchester, co. Essex). Per chev. sa. and erm. on a cbev. or, an escallop gu. in chief two boars’ heads couped of the third.
12) (Howgill and Askham, co. Westmorland, bart., extinct 1723; descended from Richard Sandford, Esq., of Howgill, younger son of Sir Thomas Sandford, Knt., of Askham, same co., by Anne his wife, dau. and co-heir ol Anthony Crackenthobpe, Esq., of Howgill. Sir Thomas Sandfobd, Bart., of Howgill, great-grandson of the above Richard, was so created 1641; the third bart. d. s. p., when the estate passed to his sister, Mary Sandford, m. Robert Honeywood, Esq., of Mark Hall, co. Essex). Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief two boars’ heads couped or. Crest—A boar’s head couped or.
13) (Nuthurst, co. Lancaster). Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief two boars’ heads couped or.
14) (Wisbeach, Isle of Ely). Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief two boars’ heads couped or. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet gu. a boar’s head and neck or.
15) (Raile, co. Essex). Erm. on a chief gu. two lions’ heads couped ar.
16) (Springfield, co. Essex, and Stow, co. Gloucester). Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief two boars’ heads couped or. Crest—A boar’s head couped or, with a broken spear az. headed ar. thrust through the mouth.
17) (Crowcorne, co. Hertford). Ar. on a bend gu. betw. two cotises sa. three garbs or. Crest—An arm embowed in armour ppr. holding within tbe gauntlet a broken tilting spear sa. and a branch of laurel vert.
18) (co. Nottingham). Per chev. az. and erm. in chief two boars’ heads erased or.
19) (co. Nottingham). Erm. on a chief indented sa. three boars’ heads erased or.
20) (co. Northumberland). Erm. on a chief gu. two boars’ heads couped or.
21) (co. York; William de Sandford, temp. Richard II.). Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief three boars’ heads or.
22) (William de Sandfobd, temp. Richard II.). Erm. on a chief gu. two boars’ heads ar.
23) Az. three bars wavy ar.
24) Barry wavy of six ar. and az.
25) Ar. three bars wavy az.
26) Sa. three lions ramp. ar.
27) Sa. a lion ramp. ar.
28) (Ireland; certified at the College of Arms, London, May, 1779). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three bars wavy ar. a martlet for diff.; 2nd, ar. a chev. betw. three martlets sa.; 3rd, ar. three ashen-keys vert betw. two chev. sa. Crest—A martlet sa.
29) (Baron Mount-Sanford, extinct 1846; descended from Captain Theophilus Sandford, of Moyglare, co. Meath, d. 1688). Per chev. or and erm. in chief two boars’ heads erased sa. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet gu. a boar’s head and neck or. Supporters—Dexter, a lion gu. collared erm.; sinister, a boar sa. Motto—Cor unum via una.
30) (Wills-Sandford, Willsgrove and Castlerca, co. Roscommon; exemplified to William Robert Wills, Esq., who obtained a royal licence, 1847, to assume the additional surname and arms of Sandford for himself and his issue by Mary Gret Sandford, his wife, dau. of Kev. William Sandford, of Castlerca, and niece and co-heir of Henry, Baron Mount-Sandfordl). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, per chev. or and erm. in chief two boars’ heads erased sa. langued gu.; 2nd and 3rd, ar. three griffins pass, in pale sa. a border of the second bezantee. Crests—1st: Out of a ducal coronet a boar’s head and neck or, langued gu., for Sandford; 2nd: A demi griffin segreant sa. holding in the claws a battle axe ppr., for Wills. Motto—Cor unum via una.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Sanford Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Sanford Surname Name Meaning, Origin, History, & Etymology
This popular last name is an English habitational name that denoted a person who was any of several places so named, such as parishes, towns, villages, and hamlets named Sandford in Devon, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Shropshire, Dorset, or Fife (Scotland). The place name derives from the Olde English words sand meaning sand and forda meaning ford, hence translating into “the sandy ford”, or perhaps “the smooth ford” or even “the shallow ford”.

Surname Spelling variants
Spelling or names with similar etymologies include Sandford, Sontford, Sonforde Sanfort, Sandfort, Sandforde, Sandfurd, Saundford, Sandforth, Sanforth, Saniford, and Saneford.

Early Bearers of the Sanford Surname
The first known bearer of this surname was Jorden de Sandforda who was documented in the Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire in 1175 AD. William de Sandfor was documented in Cairncross, Scotland in c. 1239 AD. The Hundred Rolls of 1273 AD, a census of Wales and England, known in Latin as Rotuli Hundredorum lists three bearers of this surname: Richard de Sanford, William de Sanforth, and Ralph de Sandford, all in Oxfordshire. The Poll Tax Rolls of Yorkshire in 1379 AD also list two bearers: Johannes de Sandeforthe and Willelmus de Sandeforthe.

Sanford Family Tree & Sanford Genealogy

Sandford of Sandford
The ancient family of Sandford, originally Sontford or Sonforde, made its way into England during the Norman Invasion of 1066 AD led by William the Conqueror, and the name of the founder or progenitor of the family is recorded in the Battle Abbey Roll. According to Wikipedia.com, “The Battle Abbey Roll is a commemorative list, lost since at least the 16th century, of the companions of William the Conqueror, which had been erected or affixed as a memorial within Battle Abbey, Hastings, founded ex-voto by Duke William on the spot of the slaying of King Harold in the Battle of Hastings in 1066”. This companion of William the Conqueror was named Thomas de Saunford. He held a manor under the possession of Gerard de Tournay, a powerful French Baron. He had a son also named Thomas. This son, Sir Thomas de Saundford, lived during the reign of King Henry I of England (1100-1135 AD) and held both Sandford and Rothal Manors as a tenant-in-chief (or vassal-in-cheif) of the king. He had a son named Radulfus de Sontford who was “Dominus de Sontford et Rothale”. Radulfus had a son named Sir Richard de Sanford, who was recorded in the Pipe Roll of 1169 AD. Richard had a son named Thomas. This son, Sir Thomas de Sanfort, in 1197 AD, married Amabil, daughter and co-heir of Sir Richard de Cardiff, Seneschal to William, Earl of Gloucester. There is a papal bull from Pope Innocent III concerning him and his family. He was succeeded by Sir Ralph de Sanford, who held Sanford, in capite, by the service of a half knight’s fee. He had a son named Richard. This son, Sir Richard de Sandford, married Elanor, co-heir of Elkin Cadogan. His coat of arms was blazoned as follows: quarterly, per fess indented (the points very long), ermine and azure. These arms were founded in a deed dated c. 1240 AD. His son and heir, Sir Ralph de Sanford, married Alice, daughter of Wolfrie de Whixhall and had issue with her as follows: 1) Richard (heir), 2) Sir William (joined the Earl of Lancaster in conspiracy against Piers Gaveston, but was pardoned by King Edward II), 3) Nicholas (Man-at Arms, attended the Great Council in Westminster in 1324). The eldest son and heir, Sir Richard de Sandord, married Agnes, daughter of Hugh de Say, Lord of Moreton Say. His son, also named Sir Richard, was one of King Henry IV’s bodyguards at the Battle of Shrewsbury and was knighted on the morning of the fight before dying in battle. This Richard had a son named Nicholas. Nicholas held his estates by sergeantry. He was Sheriff of Salop, but became a Lancastrian and had his whole estate laid to waste during the Civil War. He married Alice, daughter of William, Lord Botiler of Wemme, and had issue as follows: Richard (heir), Griffin (had son named William), and Nicholas (of the Lee, Salop, progenitor of the Sandfords of Isle of Rossall). The eldest of these sons, Richard de Sandford, the last member of the family who styled himself “Lord of Sandford” was the King’s Escheator for Salop. He married Maude, daughter of William Le Bannaster, Lord of Hadnal, and had a son named John. This son, John Sandford, Esquire of Sanford, who married Julian, daughter of Robert Corbet, of Moreton Corbet, and had a son with her named Richard. Richard was an Esquire of Sandford who swore fealty to King Edward IV of England in 1469 AD. He married Jane, daughter and co-heir of Humphrey Peshall of Knightly and had five sons and eight daughters with her. One such son, his heir, Hugh Sandford, Esquire of Sandford, married, Jane, daughter of John Dod of Cloverly, and had issue including: Richard (heir) Robert (heir to nephew George), Jane (married Robert Boughey of Whitemore). The elder son, Richard Sandford Esq., of Sandford, married Maud, daughter of Sir John Mainwaiting of Ightfield and had a son named George. George was an Esquire of Sandford who died without postersity. He had estates in Sanford, Asheley, Stele, Whichesall, Lynford, Weston, Longford, and Mytley. He was succeeded by his uncle Robert Sandford who held his estate of the Queen “per servitium militare”. He married Isabella Egerton, daughter of W. Egerton of Betley and Anna Lacon, and had issue as follows: Arthur (heir) and Thomas (Captain of the Firelocks, biesieged and took Hawarden Castle, killed at the taking on Nantwich in 1643). The elder son, Arthur Sandford, Esquire of Sandford, married Anne, daughter of Francis Kinaston of Oteley and had issue including: Francis (heir) and Robert (Captain in the Royalist army, wounded at Oswestry). The elder son, Francis, was a celebrated Royalist who was “very well skilled in making warlike fortifications”. He lived in Ireland. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Calcott Chambre, Esquire of Williancote and Carnew Castle, and had issue with her as follows: 1) Robert (heir), Arthur, and Francis (a celebrated genealogist). The heir, Robert Sandford, Esquire of Sanford, married Anne, daughter of P. Daniell Esq. of Tabley, Member of Parliament, and had many children with her. One of his sons, Thomas, took an oath to the House of Hanover in 1723. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Admiral Sir Richard Munden, and had a son with her named Thomas. This son, Thomas Sandford, Esquire of Sanford, and High Sheriff, who in 1752, married Alice, daughter of Charles Ward of Bradwell, and had a son and heir with her named Daniel. This son, Reverend, Daniel Sandford, of Oriel College, Oxford, resided in Delville, Ireland, and married Sarah, daughter of Reverend John Chapone, and had the following issue with her: 1) Thomas (heir), 2) Reverend Daniel (Bishop of Edinburgh, married Frances Cather, daughter of Erskine Douglas, had issue named Erskine Douglas, Sir Daniel Keyte, and John), 3) Eleanor Sarah, 4) Frances Catherine (married Reverend Charles Lane), 5) Wilhelmina Jemima (married Montague Baker Bere Esq. of Morebath), and 6) Sarah (married James Edmund Leslie of Leslie Hill in Antrim). Daniel died in 1770. His son, Reverend Thomas, married Armina Rebecca, daughter of Dr. Kennedy, Physician to King George III, and had issue with her as follows: Thomas Hugh (heir), John Robert (Major E. I. army, born 1802), and Mary (John Edenson Heathcote of Apedale). He died in 1812 and was succeeded by his son, Thomas Hugh. Thomas Hugh was born in 1795. In 1817, he married Eliza An, daughter of Thomas Kirkpatrick, and had issue with her as follows: Thomas Hugh (successor), John George, and Armine Eliza. He died in 1822 and was succeeded by his son, also named Thomas Hugh. Thomas Hugh Sandford was an Esquire of Sanford, county Salop, a Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant, and High Sheriff who was born in 1866. In 1820, he married Alexina Nisbet, daughter of Hon. Charles Lindsay and in 1856 he married Sarah, daughter of William Halsted Poole of Terrick Hall. The Sandford coat of arms or Sanford family crest for this branch of the family tree is blazoned in the medieval art of heraldry as follows: Quarterly, per fess indented ermine and azure with more than fifft quarterings, including the coats of De Cardiff, Bnaster, Peshall, Abrincis, Stafford, Broughton, Swinerton, Chetwynd, Knightly, Pantulf, D’Oyly, Noel, Strange, Earls of Brittany, Hastand, and Trussell. Crest: A falcon, wings endorsed, preying on a partridge all proper. Motto: Nec temere nec timide. The family was seated at Sandford Hall, near Press, Salop.

Sanford of the Isle of Rossall
The genealogy or ancestry of this branch of the Sanford family tree traces back to Nicolas Sandford, of Calverhall, son of Nicholas Sandford, Lord of Sanford, and obtained, in 1426, a grant to himself and his son. His son, Thomas Sandford of the Lee, had a son named William. William of the Lee married Sibilla, daughter and co-heir of Sir Fulke Springseaux of Plash and Margaret Wynnesbury, and had a son with her named Richard. Richard Sandford, of Edgton and Alselde, in the parish of Congover, married Jane, daughter of William Bromley, and had a son with her named George. This son, George Sandford of the Lee, Adgton, and Alselde, was born c. 1500 AD. He married Anne, daughter of William Ottley of Pitchford. He died in 1584 and was succeeded by his son Richard. This son, Richard Sandford, Esquire of The Lee, Edgton, and Bayston, moved to the Isle of Rossall, on his marriage to Margaret, daughter of Humphrey Plowden, and had a son with her named Humprey. Humphrey was born in 1543. He married Anne, daughter of Francis Lascelles Esq., and had issue with her as follows: Humphrey (heir) and Anna (married Richard Gibbons, Mayor of Shrewsbury). He died in 1611 and was succeeded by his son Humphrey Sandford, Esquire of Isle of Rossall, who was born in 1580. He married Jane, daughter of Edward Giffard of The White Ladies, and had issue with her as follows: Richard (heir), Matthew (married Mary, had a son), and Humphrey (successor to his cousin).  He died in 1654 and was succeeded by his son Richard. Richard married Anne Hussey and had four children with her as follows: Richard, Humphrey, Sarah (married John Brickdale Esq.), and Jane (married Richard Davenport Esq. of The Hays). He died in 1669 and was succeeded by his son Richard. Richard Sandford Esquire of the Isle of Rossall, married Frances, daughter of Edward Brooke of Church Stretton, and died without issue. He was succeeded by his brother Humphrey. Humphrey was born in 1650 and was a Fellow of St. John’s College Cambridge. He died in 1712 and his estates went to his cousin-german, Humphrey Sandford, Esquire, who was born in 1658. This Humphrey married Elizabeth, daughter of William Evans of Mindtown, and had a son and successor with her also named Humphrey. This Humphrey Sandford was an Esquire of the Isle of Rossall who , in 1717, married Rebecca, daughter of Job Walker of Ferney Hall, with whom he had four sons and daughters named Rebecca, Mary (married Jonathan Scott of Shewsbury), and Anne (married Reverend Daniel Austin). He died in 1741 and was succeeded by his son Humphrey. This son Humphrey was born in 1718 and married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Hugh Hones, and had issue with her as follows: Humphrey, Ffolliott (heir), Edward (Captain E.I.C.S, married Mary Viner, had sons named Edward and William), Elizabeth, Frances (married Reverend George Holland of Tenbury, had daughter named Francis), Barbara, Susanna, and Charlotte. He died in 1791 and was succeeded by his son, Ffolliott Sandford, Esquire of the Isle of Rossall, born in 1751. In 1781, he married Isabella, daughter of William Deuchars, and had issue with her as follows: 1) Humphrey (heir), 2) Reverend Ffolliott (married Anne Way and later Emily Richardson), 3) Reverend Richard (M.A., Vicar of Eaton-under-Haywood), 4) Reverend William (M.A., Vicar of Newport, married Mary Webb, had issue named William, Fffolliott James, Edward, and Mary), 5) Jonathan (Surgeon in the E.I.C.S.), 6) Elizabeth, and 7) Annabella (married William Horne Pierpoint, Esq. of Bath). He died in 1841 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Reverend Humphrey Sandford, born in 1782. In 1811, he married Frances, daughter and heiress of Reverend George Holland, and had seven sons and two daughters with her: 1) Humphrey (heir, discussed below), 2) Folliott (married Caroline Taylor), 3) George (Vicar of St. Jude’s in Sheffield, York, married Elizabeth Barlow, had issue named Ffolliott George, Henry Barlow, Francis, Berkeley, Walter Gerald, Herbert Edward, William Courtenay, and Charles Sidney), 4) Reverend Edward (Vicar of Denford and Kingstead, married Mary Armitage, had issue named Edward Armitage, Henry Rossall, and Mary Amy), 5) Richard (Surgeon at the English Hospital in Jerusalem), 6) Reverend Holland (Vicar of Eaton-under-Haywood), 8) Reverend William (Vicar of Bicton, married Emma Cabrow of Bury, had issue named Frederick William, Frances Folliott, George Cabrow, Laura, and Charlotte Amelia), 7 Hannah Amelia (married Francis Pryce Keysell of Grove House), and 8) (married Reverend Charles Ingram Roberts, M.A., 3rd son of Thomas Turner Roberts of Llwynddern, county Brecon, Wales). He died in 1856 and was succeeded by his son Humphrey. Humphrey Sandford, Esquire, M.A., of the Isle of Rossall, county Salop, England, was born in 1811. He was a Justice of the Peace and Barrister-at-Law. In 1852, he married Anne Taylor, daughter of Joseph Armitage Esq. of Milnsbridge House, county Cork, and had issue with her as follows: Humphrey (born 1856), Folliott, Richard, Mary Frances Holland, Annette Armine, Ada Rossall, and Margaret Plowden. The Sandford coat of arms is blazoned in heraldry as follows: Per chevron sable and ermine in chief two boars’ heads couped close or. Crest: A boar’s head couped close or. Motto: Nec temere, nec timide. The family was seated at The Isle, near Shrewsbury.

Sandford of Reeves Hall
The Sandford’s of Sandford, Salop, England, came into Britain with William the Conqueror. One descendant of this house, Thomas Sandford, Esquire of Cantwell’s Court, county Kilkenny, and of Malahide, county Dublin, Ireland. He was Secretary to the Lord Deputy in 1756. He married Alice Blayney, daughter of Henry, 2nd Lord Blayney, and had issue with her. His eldest son, Charles Sandford, of Sanford Court, married Mary Lathan, and had a daughter named Elizabeth and a son named Thomas with her. The son, Thomas Sandford, Esquire of Sanford Court, married Elizabeth, daughter of Ebenezer Warren of The Lodge and had issue with her as follows: Charles (married Mary Anne Smith), Reverend Warren (Prebendary of Tascoffin), and Mary. The daughter, Mary Sandford, married George Peacocke, Esquire of Barntie, county Clare, and Grange, county Limerick, in 1746. They had issue as follows: George (7th foot regiment, killed in America), Mary, and Elizabeth (married William Gardiner of Armagh). The elder daughter, Mary Peacocke, married her cousin, Marmaduke Peacocke Esq. of London, and had issue with her as follows: Sir Marmaduke Warren Peacocke, George Peacocke (discussed below), Sandford Peacocke (married Amelia Apreece), Richard Peacocke (Vice Admiral of the Royal Navy), Stephen Peacocke (Lieutenant-Colonel of the Scots Fusiliers Guards, married Louisa, daughter and co-heir of Ponsonby Tottenham Esq. and Member of Parliament), Thomas Peacocke (General in the Army), and John Peacocke (offcer in the Scots Fusilier Guards). The son, George Peacocke Esq., married Jemima, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel J. Montague Durnford, and had a son and heir with her named George. This son, George Montagu Warren Sandford, Esquire of Reeves Hall, county Essex, England, was a Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant, and Member of Parliament for Malden. In 1866, he assumed, by royal license, the name and arms of Sandford. In 1858, he married Augusta Mary, daughter of Algernon Frederick Greville, of the noble house of Warwick, and had five children with her as follows: Francis Marmaduke Henry, Charlotte Mary, Alice Rosa, Blanche Caroline, and Carolina Amabel. This family was seated at Reeves Hall and Nightingale Hall, Woodford, Essex, England. The Sandford family crest is blazoned in the medieval art of heraldry as follows: Quarterly, 1st and 4th grand quarters, Sanford, quarterly, 1st and 4th, quarterly per fess indented ermine and azure, 2nd and 3rd, per chevron sable and ermine in chief two boars heads couped or, and in base, a mullet azure; 2nd and 3rd grand quarters, Peacocke, quarterly, or and azure, over all four lozenges conjoined in cross between as many annulets all counter-changed. Crests: 1st, Sanford, A falcon, wings endorsed preying on a partridge all proper; 2nd, also Sandford, A boar’s head couped argent armed and langued gu. And charges with a trefoil slipped very; 3rd, Peacocke, A cockatrice vert. Motto: Nec temere nec timide.

Sanford of Nynehead Court
The lineage of this family traces back to counties Devon and Somerset in England. John Sanford, Lord of Brook Sanford, county Somerset, held the manor during the reign of King Richard II (1377-1399 AD.), and also held other lands in Devon. His son and successor, Hugo Sanford, of Brook Sanford, married Matilda (member of the Bassett family), and had a son with her named William. William Sanford married Agnes, widow of Robert Alexander of Sidmouth, and had sons with her named Philip and John. The elder son, Philip Sanford, Esquire of Halberton, succeeded died without posterity and was succeeded by his nephew Christopher. Christopher Sanford, Esquire of Halberton, Devon, lived there in 1620 AD. He married Anne, daughter of John Balsh of Ilminster, and had issue as follows: 1) Martin (heir), 2) Bartholomew (of Withiecomb Rayley, married Elizabeth Wyvell, had sons named Christtopher, Fabyan, Anthony, and Thomas), and Hugh (married and had issue). Skipping forward some years came Henry Sanford, Esquire of Nynehead, who died in 1644, married Mary, daughter of Henry Ayshford, Esquire of Ayshford, who descended from Stephanus de Eisforde. Their descendant, William Aysford Sanford, son of Edward Ayshford Sanford (b. 1794), Esquire of Nynehead Court, county Somerset, England, was born in 1818. He was a Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant and author of papers on geology. In 1857, he married Sarah Ellen, daughter of Henry Seymour Esq. of Knoyle, and had issue with her as follows: Edward Charles Ayshford (born 1859), Henry Seymour John Ayshford, Ellen Henrietta, Mary Ethel, Blanche Clotilde, and Rosalind. The family coat of arms is blazoned in heraldry as follows: Quarterly: 1st and 4th, azure, three bars wavy argent, for Sanford; 2nd, argent, a chevron, between three martlets sable for Sanford, ancient: 3rd, argent, three ashen keys proper. Between two chevronels sable. Crest: A martlet proper. Motto: Ferme en foy.

Robert Sanford from London to Virginia
Robert Sanford was born in London, England in 1638. In 1664, he married Ann Smith in Saint Botolph, Bishopsgate, London. He went to colonial America where he died in Virginia in 1700. He was father of the following children: Robert, Mary, John, Thomas, Richard, William, and Ann. His son Robert Sanford was born in Stepney, London, England in 1665. In 1670, he married Mary in Westmoreland, Virginia. He had the following children: Massey, Elizabeth, Robert, Jemima, John, Joseph, Thomas, Margaret, and Ann. Three of his sons are discussed as follows:
1) Robert Sanford was born in Westmoreland, Virginia c. 1695. He married Mary Muse and had issue as follows: Augustine, Robert, Elizabeth, and Mary.
2) Joseph Sanford or Sandford was born in Copley Parish, Westmoreland c. 1700. He married Mary Pritchett and had a son with her named Robert.
3) Richard Sanford was born in Virginia c. 1672. He married Susannah Franklin and had tree daughters: Susanna, Mary, and Ann.

Sandford from Shropshire to colonial Connecticut
Hugh Sandford, son of Richard Sandford and Jane Peshall, was born in Mitley, Shropshire, England in 1470 AD. His son, Richard Sandford I, was born in Sandford, Shropshire in 1490 AD. He married Maud, daughter of John Manwaring, and had issue with her as follows: Richard II and George. Richard II was born in Stanshead, Mountfitchet, Essex c. 1533 AD. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Coggeshall, and had issue with her as follows: Thomas, Richard, Elizabeth, and Robert. Thomas was born in the same town in 1556 AD. He married Eve and Mary M. and had issue as follows: Richard, Ezekiel, Richard, Priscilla, Sarah, Damaris, and Zachary. His son, Ezekiel I was born in Much Hadam, Hertfordshire, England in 1586 AD. He had issue as follows: Thomas, John, Ezekiel Jr., Robert, Andrew Sr., Samuel, Nathaniel, Zachary, Mary, and Elizabeth. His son, Zachary Sanford or Sandford, was born in Stansted, Mountfitchet, Essex, England in 1625. He went to colonial America. He married Hannah, daughter of John Rockwell Jr., and had a daughter named Deborah. He died in Saybrook, Connecticut in 1668.

Sanford/Sandford Family Mottos
1) Nec temere nec timide (Neither rashly not timidly)
2) Ferme en foy
3) Cor unum, via una (One heart, one way) (Wills-Sandford)
4) Fuimus (We have been)

Marriages of Sanfords/Sandfords
1) John Sanford married Ms. Harvey in Cheshire, England in January 1663
2) Charles Thomas Sandford married Emma Jennette Topping in Norwich, Ontario, Canada in 1893
3) George Sandford married Eleanor Ward in Tilstock, Shropshire, England in June 1690
4) Martha Sandford married Henry Welbeloved in Allhallows London Wall, England in January 1681
5) Robert Sandford married Elenor Badcock in Folkestone, Kent, England in June 1762
6) Samuel Sandford married Hannah Wardwell in Bristol, Rhode Island in July 1740
7) Ruth Sandford married James Akin in New Bedford, Massachusetts in August 1789
8) Morton Sandford married Annie Young in Hants, Nova Scotia in 1874
9) Perry S. Sandford married Harriet Wilcox in Summit, Ohio in December 1850
10) Henry Sandford married Louisa Coppard at St. Mary’s, Lambeth, Surrey, England in 1863
11) Jane E. Sanford married Charles Campbell in Marshall, Iowa, in June 1783
12) John Sanford married Laura Robinson in Chicot County, Arkansas in June 1875

Early American and New World Settlers
Some of the earliest settlers in colonial America bearing this name include:
1) Thomas Sandford came to Virginia in 1619
2) John Sandford came to Boston, Massachusetts in 1631
3) Thomas Sandford came to Boston, Massachusetts in 1631
4) Robert Sandford came to Hartford, Connecticut in 1640
5) Alice Sandford came to Maryland in 1663
6) John Sandford came to Maryland in 1664
7) Augustine Sandford came to Maryland in 1674
8) John Sandford came to Virginia in 1679
9) Henry Sanford came to Virginia in 1689
10) James Sandford came to Maryland in 1696
11) John Sandford came to Virginia in 1704
12) Benjamin Sandford came to Virginia in 1730
13) Samuel Samford came to Virginia in 1758
14) Peleg Sanford came to Rhode Island in 1680
15) Andrew Sanford came to Connecticut in 1651
16) Zachary Sanford came to Connecticut in 1651
17) Cornelius Sanford came to Georgia in 1733

Several thousand members of the Sanford family came to the United States through Ellis Island, during the nineteenth century, including:
1) Thomas Sanford came to England aboard the Atalanta in 1867
2) John Sanford came from England aboard the Atalanta in 1867
3) Mary Sanford came from England aboard the Great Western in 1871
4) W. B. Sandford came from Cambusland aboard the City of Rome in 1894
5) Thomas Sanford came from Liverpool, England aboard the Teutonic in 1906
6) William Sanford came from Dungarvan, Ireland aboard the Baltic in 1908
7) Mary Sandford came from Dunganan, Ireland aboard the Baltic in 1908
8) Nellie Sandford came from Dunganon, Ireland aboard the Celtic in 1908
9) Alice Sandford came from London, England aboard the Celtic in 1908
10) Ella Sandford came from Somerset, England aboard the Majestic in 1908
11) John B. Sanford came from Montarey, Mexico aboard the Baltic in 1907
12) Alfred James Sandford came from Liverpool, England aboard the Baltic in 1920

Some of the earliest settlers in Canada bearing this name include:
1) Elijah Sandford came to Nova Scotia in 1784
2) William Sanford came in 1832

Some of the earliest settlers in Australia bearing this name include:
1) Susan Sanford came from Devon, England to New South Wales or Tasmania aboard the Lord Sidmouth in 1822
2) John Sandford came from Essex, England to Tasmania aboard the Albion in 1823
3) Stephen Sandford came from Berkshire, England to Tasmania aboard the Thames in 1829
4) James Sandford came from Stafford, England to Tasmania aboard the John in 1830
5) Chas Sandford, age 21,  came to Tasmania aboard the Indian in 1842
6) Henry Sandford, age 41, and wife Charlotte, came from Liverpool, England to Brisbane, Queensland aboard the Montmorency in 1863
7) William Sanford, age 37, and wife Ruth, came from Plymouth to Victoria aboard the Stebonheath in 1853
8) Thomas Sandford came from Liverpool to New South Wales aboard the Britannia in 1839

Some of the earliest settlers in New Zealand bearing this name include:
1) John Sanford of Worcestershire, a carpenter by trade, (age 30) and wife Elizabeth (age 27), along with sons John Herbert and Frederick William Sandford and daughter Harriet Jane, came to Canterbury aboard the Rockhampton in 1858
2) Matthew Sandford, of Down, Ireland, a ploughman, came to Canterbury aboard the Celaeno in 1870
3) Ebenezer Sandford, of Surrey, England, a printer, came to Otago aboard the Peter Denny in 1874
4) Arthur Sanford, of Suffolk, came to Otago aboard the Dunfillan in 1874

Grantees of Arms
1) Joseph Sanford of Minehead, county Somerset, two coats, Quarterly arms, 1779

Notables
There are hundreds of notable people with the Sanford surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include:
1) Nathan Sanford (1777-1838) was the US Senator from New York from 1826-1831, born in Bridgehampton, New York, a graduate of Yale University
2) William Eli Sanford (1838-1899) was a Canadian businessman who was the Senator for Hamilton, Ontario from 1887-1899, born in New York City
3) Marshall “Mark” Clement Sanford Jr. (1960) was the 115th Governor of South Carolina from 2003-2011 and a member of the US House of Representatives for South Carolina starting in 2013, born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
4) Winifred Balch Mahon Sanford (1890-1983) was an American writer of short stories that often focused on the oil industry, born in Duluth, Minnesota
5) James Terry Sanford (1917-1998) who was the 65th Governor of North Carolina from 1961-1965, the President of Duke University from 1969-1985, and a US Senator from North Carolina from 1986-1993
6) Chance Steven Sanford (1972) was an infielder who plated in the MLB from 1998-1999 for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Los Angeles Dodgers, born in Houston, Texas
7) John Sanford (1803-1857) was a member of the US House of Representatives for New York from 1803-1857, born in Roxbury, Connecticut
8) John Sanford (1851-1939) was a member of the US House of Representatives for New York from 1889-1893, born in Amsterdam, New York, and was also a prominent breeder of racehorses
9) John Frederick Sanford (1919-2011) was a pitcher who played in the MLB from 1943-1951 for the St. Louis Browns and two other teams, born in Garfield, Utah.
10) Edward Ayshford Sandord (1794-1871) was a Member of the British Parliament for Somerset during the 1830s

Sanford America Civil War Veterans
There were several soldiers with the last name Sanford who served in the American Civil War, including the following:
1) Merritt C. Sanford of the 10th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry (Union)
2) Albert G. Sanford of the 193rd Regiment New York Infantry (Union)
3) Benjamin S. Sanford of the 48th Regiment Illinois Infantry (Union)
4) George B. Sanford of the 1st Regiment Michigan Cavalry (Union)
5) Charles S. Sanford of the 4th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry (Union)
6) Augustus S. Sanford of the 26th Regiment Maine Infantry (Union)
7) Rodney F. Sanford of the 55th Regiment Ohio Infantry (Union)
8) John W. A. Sandford of the 4th Regiment Georgia Infantry (Confederate)
9) Samuel W. Sanford of the 40th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
10) James M. Sanford of the 23rd Regiment Mississippi Infantry (Confederate)
11) Alexander M. Sanford of the 14th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Confederate)
12) Edward Sanford of the 1st Battery Maryland Artillery (Confederate)
13) John W. Sanford of the 34th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (Confederate)
14) Marcus A. Sanford of the 1st Regiment Alabama Infantry (Confederate)

Sanford America Revolution Veterans
There were several soldiers with the last name Sanford who served in the Revolutionary War, including the following:
1) Corporal Ebezner Sanford of Connecticut
2) Private Elisha Sanford of Rhode Island
3) Private Ezekiel Sanford of Connecticut
4) Private John Sanford of Connecticut
5) Lieutenant Thomas Sanford of Virginia
6) Capitan William Sanford of Virginia
7) Private Daniel Sanford of New York
8) David Sanford of Connecticut
9) James Sanford of Connecticut
10) Corporal Liffe Sanford of Connecticut
11) Moses Sanford of Connecticut
12) Robert Sanford of Vermont
13) Capitan Samuel Sanford
14) Sergeant William Sanford of Rhode Island
15) Corporal Nathaniel Sanford of Connecticut
16) Private William Sanford

Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Sanford ranks 888th in popularity in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following four states: Mississippi (298th), Alabama (340th), Alaska (498th), and Michigan (507th).

The surname Sanford frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (5,560th), Scotland (14,232nd), Wales (25,982nd), Ireland (19,823rd) and Northern Ireland (18,131st). The name is also present throughout the remainder English speaking world:  Canada (1,910th), New Zealand (), Australia (4,663rd), and South Africa (57,564th).

Sanford Coat of Arms Meaning

See glossary for symbol meaning.

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