Schaffer Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Schaffer Family Coat of Arms

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Schaffer Coat of Arms Meaning

Schaffer Name Origin & History

Variations of this name: Schaeffer, Schaefer.

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Schaffer Coat of Arms Meaning

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Schaffer Name

Surname Name Meaning, Origin, and Etymology
This is an Anglicized version of the German (and Jewish) surname Schäffer, as the ä (a umlaut) can be spelled as “ae”. The name was a job title by the “Deutscher Orden” for members responsible for trading in the Deutschordensstaat (State of the Teutonic Order, founded in 1230, a Crusader state along the Baltic Sea). It derives from the Middle High German word scheaffaere, the manager or steward of a household. Another source states it derives from the Middle High German word schaf, meaning sheep, and hence it was an occupational surname given to a person who was a shepherd. The name took root in central and eastern Europe. In medieval Europe, this was a person who administered ecclesiastical institutions, foundations, hospitals, and household. One source claims the family was first found in Hessia (Hessen).

Starting in the nineteenth century, many Ashkenazic Jews adopted this old surname, likely because it was an allusion to King David, who was once a shepherd, or as a reference to Psalms 23:1 in the Bible: The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.

Spelling Variations
Common spelling variants include Schaefer, Schaeffer, Schaffert,  Schafer, Schaeffer, Schefer, and others. Other surnames with this last name inside of it also exist (ex. Neuschaefer). The spelling Scheffers persisted in the Lower Rhine.

Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Schaefer ranks 773rd in terms of popularity in the United States per the census of the year 2000. Schaffer ranks slightly lower, at 1,630th, but is still very common. Next, the variant Schaeffer ranks 2,157th. Way down the list is Schaefers, ranking at 39,092nd. The state of Wisconsin has the highest density of people bearing this surname. The name is also common in Germany, France, Canada, South Africa, and Brazil. The name ranks as the 11th most common name in Germany in recent years. The name is not particularly popular in England, were it only ranks 11,341 in frequency.

Early Bearers of the Surname
A man named Mertyn der schaffer und vorweser uff des bischoofs hove (the schaffer and person in charge of the Bishop’s court) was recorded in Liegnitz (a town in Silesia) in 1382 AD. A one Dietreich Schafer was a Bavarian documented (Early Medieval Records of Germany) in 1327 AD during the reign of King Louis IV of Bavaria. Other early bearers of this last name include: Lewelin Schaffer (1356 AD Burger zu Lahr), Cuntzel Schefer (1384 AD, city of Worms), and Nicholas Schaffer der Cartheuser ordens (1451 AD).

History, Genealogy, and Ancestry
A one John Schaffer was born in 1797 and married Ruth Anna Cole. They had a daughter named Ellen (Bloom). He died in 1881 in Beaver Township in Lima, OH. Johann Georg Schaefer was born in 1809 in Steinach an der Salle, Bavaria. He married Elizabeth Wolfe and later Anna Maria Gertrude Schäffer. He left behind numerous issue: Jacob John, Philip, Sophia Katarina, Frederick Henry, George, William Jacob, Henry Philip, Mageretta, Maggie M., John George, and Charles Andrew. His son Jacob John was born in 1831 in Hessen, Prussia. He married Anna Elizabeth Hess and later a woman named Elizabeth. He had the following children prior to his 1914 death in Galion, Ohio: Henry Kreiter, Charles Andrew, August, John Jacob, Jacob John, Emma Elizabeth, and Frederick.

John Schafer was born in 1520 in Halle Germany. He married a woman named Katharina W. in 1545 and had two issue with her: Peter and Anna. His son Peter was born in 1547. Peter had the following children: Zacharias, Johannes, Ann, Margaretha, Petrus, Andreas, Valentin, and Hanns. His son Johannes was born in 1568 in Eddersheim, Germany. In 1585, he married a woman named Julianan and they had numerous issue: Jakob, Konrad, Theodor Dietrich, Jakob, Johann, and Jakob.

Early American and New World Settlers
Early immigrants in the United States bearing this name include Enners Schaefer (1709), Hans Georg Schaefer (1709), John Henry Schaefer (1709), Casper Shafer (1738 Pennsylvania), John Conrad Shafer (1784 New York), and Balzter Shafer (1762 Pennsylvania), Agnes Schaefer (1730), and others. Numerous Germans bearing this name settled in Pennsylvania (ex. Christine and Katharine Schaefer in 1806).

Mottoes
The Schaefer family motto is Halt aus grad au einig und makellos walt Gott amen, meaning “Stop outer intrusion, degree by degree. United and immaculate in our work by Gods will. Amen”.

Notables
Famous people with this last name include: 1) Charles Frederick Schaeffer (1807-1879) who was a Lutheran clergyman in Pennsylvania, 2) Georg Anton Schaffer (1779-1836) who was a German physician who attempted to conquer Hawaii under the employ of the Russian-American Company for the Russian Empire, 3) Albert Charles Schaeffer (1907-1957) who was an American mathematician known for his work on complex analysis, also known as the theory of functions of a complex variable, and 4) Francis August Schaeffer (1912-1984) who was an American Evangelical Christian theologian who established a community in Switzerland. There were also two Governors in the United States with this last name: Bill Shaefer in Maryland and Ed Schafer in North Dakota.

Schaffer Family Gift Ideas

Browse Schaffer family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) P. d'Overyssel - (M. ét.). Orig. de Bavière - Coupé d'argent sur sable à deux chicots d'or passés en sautoir brochant sur le coupé et acc en pointe d'un troisième chicot d'or posé en pal Cimier la moitié supérieure du sautoir. English: Per fess argent over sable two ragged staffs or placed saltirewise covering over the partition and accompanied by in base a third ragged staff or placed palewise Crest: The two upper staves in saltire.
2) P. de Groningue - D'or à un loup courant de sable la tête contournée ravissant une oie au naturel Cimier une tête et col de loup de sable. English: Or a wolf courant [running] sable the head reversed devouring a goose proper Crest: The head and shoulders of a wolf sable.
3) Mecklembourg - (Conf. de la nob. du St-Empire, 3 janv. 1712) - D'azur à deux houlettes d'or posées en pals et accostées les crosses affrontées Cimier deux roses de gueules tigées et feuillées de sinople. English: Azure two sheperd's crooks or placed palewise and side by side, the heads affrontant [face to face] Crest: two roses gules stemmed and leaved vert.
4) Kempten (Bavière), Bâle - De sable à un triangle vidé en chef enfermant une étoile et acc en chef de deux étoiles en pointe un agneau pascal passant le tout d'argent Cimier l'agneau pascal entre deux proboscides coupées alternativement d'argent et de sable. English: Sable in chief a triangle voided, inside it an estoile, the triangla accompanied by two etoiles in chief and a paschal lamb passant in base all argent Crest: the paschal lamb between two proboscides per fess alternately argent and sable.
5) Tübingen, Rothenburg - D'azur à un mouton rampant d'argent Cimier le mouton issant. English: Azure a sheep rampant argent Crest: the sheep issuant.
6) Nuremberg - De gueules à un agneau passant regardant d'argent soutenu d'une champagne du second Cimier un homme issant habillé de gueules tenant de sa main dextre un bâton du même et accosté de deux proboscides d'argent. English: Gules a lamb passant reguardant argent standing on the ground of the second Crest: a man issuant dressed gules holding in its dexter hand a baton of the same and having to the sides two proboscides argent.
7) Halle (Saxe) - (Conc. d'arm., 1 août 1569) - Coupé au 1 d'argent à deux fasces de gueules ch de trois roses du champ 2 et 1 au chevron d'or brochant sur le tout au 2 de gueules à un agneau d'argent passant sur un tertre d'or Casque couronné Cimier l'agneau issant entre deux proboscides coupées à dextre d'or sur gueules à senestre de gueules sur argent Lambrequin conformes aux émaux des proboscides (Armes assignées à Jobst S arrière-petit-fils de Pierre- ou Schöffer de Gernsheim gendre de Jean Fust le collaborateur de Jean Guttenberg). English: Per fess 1st argent two bars gules charged with three roses of the field 2 and 1 a chevron or covering overall 2nd gules with a Lamb argent passant on a hillock or Crowned with a helmet Crest: the Lamb issuant between two proboscides per fess to the dexter or over gules to the sinister gules over argent Mantling: conforming to the [same as] colours of the proboscides
8) Bâle - De gueules à un berger habillé d'argent coiffé d'un chapeau d'or tenant un bâton du même posé sur une terrasse de sinople Cimier le berger issant Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Gules a shepherd dressed argent wearing on the head a hat or holding a baton of the same placed on a mount vert Crest: the shepherd issuant Mantling: argent and gules.
9) (Edle von) - Autriche - (Chevalier du St-Empire, 18 juillet 1735; conf, dudit titre, 19 mai 1757) - De gueules à la croix d'or ch d'un filet en croix de gueules à la bordure d'or Sur le tout d'azur à la fasce vivrée d'argent (en forme de W) acc de trois boules du même Deux casques couronnés Cimiers 1° une rose de gueules entre un vol de sable chaque aile ch d'une étoile d'or Lambrequin d'or et de gueules 2° deux guidons les hampes passées en sautoir celui à dextre d'azur à une fasce vivrée d'argent (en forme de W) et celui à senestre d'or à une croisette de gueules Lambrequin d'argent et d'azur. English: Gules a cross or charged with a filet cross [very narrow] gules a bordure or on an escutcheon azure a fess [right angled] dancetty argent ( in the form of of W ) accompanied by three balls of the same Crowned with two helments Crests: 1st a rose gules between a pair of wings sable each wing charged with a etoile or Mantling: or and gules 2nd two flags the poles [of the flags] placed saltirewise that in dexter azure with a fess [right angled] dancetty argent ( in the form of of W ) and that in sinister or with a crosslet gules Mantling: argent and azure.
10) Edle von sfeld - Autriche - (Chevaliers, 6 juillet 1767) - Écartelé aux 1 et 4 d'or à l'aigle de sable aux 2 et 3 de gueules à un senestrochère armé d'argent la main de carnation tenant une épée d'argent garnie d'or Deux casques couronnés Cimiers 1° le bras issant de la couronne Lambrequin d'or et de sable 2° trois plumes d'autruche une d'argent entre deux de gueules Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules. English: Quarterly 1st and 4th or an eagle displayed sable 2nd and 3rd gules with a left arm embowed armed argent coming out of the sinister the hand carnation holding a sword argent hilt and pommell or Crowned with two helments Crests: 1st the arm issuant from a crown Mantling: or and sable 2nd three ostrich feathers a argent between two gules Mantling: argent and gules.
11) Bavière - D'azur à deux houlettes d'argent passées en sautoir cantonnées de quatre étoiles d'or Cimier trois plumes d'autruche. English: Azure two shepherd's crooks argent placed saltirewise having four etoiles or one in each quarter Crest: three ostrich feathers.
12) Schaeffer-Voit - Berlin - (An., 6 mai 1865) - Coupé au 1 parti a de gueules à la fasce vivrée d'or surmontée d'une étoile du même b d'or à un guidon coupé d'argent sur sable attaché à une lance et une flèche d'or empennée d'azur la lance et la flèche pass
13) Tyrol - (Maison ét. dans les familles de Borovitzka, Abel et Guiard-Schmid) - D'azur à une haute montagne d'argent formée de six coupeaux posés 3 et 3 mouvant de la pointe au chef cousu de sable chargé à dextre d'une étoile d'or au franc-quartier senestre du même brochant sur le tout chargé d'un sapin de sinople Supports deux aigles. English: Azure a high mountain argent formed of six peaks placed 3 and 3 coming from the base, a chief [stitched to the adjacent colour] sable charged to the dexter with an etoile or, a canton sinister of the same covering overall, charged with a fir tree vert. Supporters two eagles.
14) Bade - (Barons, 29 nov. 1816) - D'azur à une hallebarde d'or en barre et une épée d'argent la pointe en bas brochant en bande à un croissant figuré tourné d'or posé au point du chef Casque couronné Cimier trois plumes d'autruche d'azur Lambrequin d'or et d'azur. English: Azure a halberd or placed bendwise sinister and covering a sword argent placed bendwise the point downwards, a crescent figured [with a face] reversed or placed in the middle chief point. Crowned with a helmet Crest: three ostrich feathers azure Mantling: or and azure.
15) Autriche - (Conf. du titre de chevalier, 1757) - De gueules à la croix d'or ch d'une croix de Malte du champ à la bordure du second Sur le tout d'azur à la fasce vivrée alésée d'argent acc de trois besants du même Deux casques couronnés Cimiers 1° une rose de gueules entre un vol de sable chaque aile ch d'une étoile d'or Lambrequin d'or et de gueules 2° deux banderoles passées en sautoir celle à dextre d'azur à la fasce vivrée alésée d'argent celle à senestre d'or à la croix de Malte de gueules Lambrequin d'argent et d'azur. English: Gules a cross or charged with the cross of Malta of the field, a bordure of the second; on an escutcheon azure a fess [right angled] dancetty couped argent, accompanied by three plates Crowned with two helments Crests: 1st a rose gules between a pair of wings sable, each wing charged with an estoile or Mantling: or and gules 2nd two banners placed saltirewise that to the dexter azure charged with a fess dancetty couped argent that to the siniste, or with the cross of Malta gules Mantling: argent and azure.
16) Schaeffer-Voit - Berlin - (An., 6 mai 1865) - Coupé au 1 parti a de gueules à la fasce vivrée d'or surmontée d'une étoile du même b d'or à un guidon coupé d'argent sur sable attaché à une lance et une flèche d'or empennée d'azur la lance et la flèche passées en sautoir au 2 d'azur à deux cygnes affrontés d'argent les cols entrelacés les têtes retournées Cimier deux bras armés au naturel celle à dextre tenant une flèche pareille à celle du 1 b celui à senestre tenant un guidon pareil à celui du 1 b Lambrequin à dextre d'or et de gueules à senestre d'argent et d'azur Devise HALT AUS GRAD AUS EINIG UND MAKELLOS WALT GOTT AMEN. English: Per fess 1st per pale a) gules a fess [right angled] dancetty or surmounted by an etoile of the same b) or a flag per fess argent over sable, attached to a lance and an arrow or flighted [of arrows] azure, the lance and the arrow placed saltirewise; 2nd azure two swans affrontant [face to face] argent the necks interlaced the heads reguardant Crest: two armoured arms proper, that to the dexter holding an arrow as in the arms, that to the sinister holding a flag as in the arms Mantling: to the dexter or and gules to the sinister argent and azure Motto: HALT AUS GRAD AUS EINIG UND MAKELLOS WALT GOTT AMEN.

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