Blazons & Genealogy Notes
(Tewin, co. Hertford; granted 26 May, 1767). Motto—Medio tutissimus ibis. Per fess gules and azure a fess ermine in chief two lions’ heads erased or, in base a dolphin naiant embowed argent (another has the field gules and sable and the dolphin embowed). Crest—On a mount vert a leopard couchant guard, proper crowned with a Saxon coronet or.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Senior Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Senior:
This interesting and unusual surname is an example of that important set of early European surnames that slightly introduced from the continual use of love names. These nicknames introduced, in the first example, related to the profession, or to a difference of particular qualities, such as physical appearance or specialty, mental and moral values, and to styles of dressing. The name acquired, in this situation, from the medieval French word “seignour”, an Anglo-Norman French “segneur”, originally from the Latin word “senior”, which means elder, and frequently mentioned an elder or senior, probably the king of the palace, a person who treated in a bossy style, or may be performed the character of a senior person in a civil parade or procession. The other imagination is that Senior used as a great nickname to the senior of two holders of the similar given name, like father and son. Previous examples of the surname consist of Hugh Seinure in Norfolk in the year 1212, Thomas le Senyur in the year 1271 and Henry Senior in Oxfordshire in the year 1279. In the new phrase, the surname has almost fourteen spelling varieties containing as Seniour, Seanor, Seener, Seignior, Sainer and Senyard. A national symbol gave to the Senior family is a shield parted per fess red and blue with an ermine fess; in peak, two gold lions’ heads removed, in base a silver dolphin naiant rounded.
More common variations are: Seniour, Seneior, Seinior, Seanior, Seniora, Psenior, Seniore, Scenior, Senor, Senir.
The origins of the surname Senior found in Norfolk where people gave estates by William the invader for having helped at the war of Hastings in the year 1066. The oldest known holder of the name was Walter Seignure, who listed in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in the year 1164.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Walter Seignure, dated about 1164, in the “Pipe Rolls of Norfolk”. It was during the time of King Henry II who was known to be the “The Builders of Churches,” dated 1154-1189. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Senior settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Senior who settled in the United States in the 17th century included John Senior and Sarah Senior; both arrived in Virginia in the same year 1636. Tho Senior landed in Virginia in the year 1656. William Senior and Eliz Senior, both arrived in Virginia respectively in the years 1665 and 1666.
Some of the people with the surname Senior who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Jane Senior would eventually settle in Virginia in 1728. George Senior, who shifted from Scotland to Georgia in the year 1760.
The following century saw more Senior surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Senior who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Catherine Senior with her husband, and five children arrived in New York, NY in the year 1823. Richard Senior, Ann Senior, both arrived in New York, NY respectively in the years 1837 and 1845. G Senior settled in San Francisco, California in the year 1850.
People with the surname Senior settled in Canada in two different centuries respectively in the 18th and 19th Some of the individuals with the name Senior who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Mr. Bartholomew Senior U.E. settled in Saint John, New Brunswick in the year 1784.
The following century saw much more Senior surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Senior who settled in Canada in the 19th century included Benjamin Senior who landed in Ontario in the year 1871.
Some of the people with the surname Senior who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Thomas Senior who was an English prisoner from York, who shifted aboard the ship “Anson” arrived in Van Diemen’s Land, Australia in the year 1843.
Some of the people with the surname Senior who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Joseph Senior arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “ Westminster” in the year 1843.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Senior: United States 4,526; Australia 1,693; Canada 1,096; South Africa 1,059; Jamaica 3,016; Venezuela 2,308; Uganda 2,054; Kenya 1,020; Colombia 1,869
Anna Senior was an Australian clothes designer.
Brian Senior (born 1953), is a British bridge player.
Clarence Senior (1903–1974), was an American socialist politician.
Julio Ximenes Senior (1901–1975), was a Brazilian scientist and Army officer.
Keith Senior (born 1976), is an English player in rugby league.
Peter Senior (born 1959), is an Australian golf player.
Robert Senior (born 1954), is a British merchant.
Senior Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Senior blazon are the lion, dolphin and leopard. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, azure and gules .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
In the days before television and the internet it was a rare heraldic artist that had ever seen a dolphin for real, so we should not be surprised that the heraldic representation is not instantly recognisable. Despite this, we should not forget that these artists considered the dolphin to be the king of fish, playing the same role as the lion in the animal kingdom. For reasons not immediately clear, Wade suggests that the dolphin was regarded as an “affectionate fish, fond of music”.
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? Nevertheless, real animals are perhaps one of the most common sights on coats of arms, especially animals of European origin. The leopard Is a typical example of these.