Sherwin Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Sherwin Family Coat of Arms

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Sherwin Coat of Arms Meaning

Sherwin Name Origin & History

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Sherwin Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Sherwin blazon are the griffin and cross formee. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P164 came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The griffin is perhaps the most common of these creatures, being a chimera with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin. It is most often in the pose known as rampant segreant, on its hind legs with claws and wings extended. Vinycomb has much to say on the subject of the griffin, perhaps summarised in his belief that it represents “strength and vigilance”.]8Fictitious & Symbolic Creatures…in British Heraldry, J. Vinycomb, Chapman & Hall, London, 1906, P150

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 10Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128. The cross formee is typical of these, (also known as a cross pattee) it has arms which broaden out in smooth curves towards the ends.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Sherwin Name

Sherwin Origin:

England

Origins of Name:

The Sherman surname was a medieval surname used as a descriptive nickname. It first appeared prior to the 8th century. The surname derives from the Middle English words schere (“to shear” or “to cut through”) and wind (“wind”), shere-wind. The name was used to describe a professional messenger or fast runner. The name also expanded to Germany and France. The German form of the surname was “Scheidewin” and the French form of the surname was “Tranchevent” which would later become Anglicized to “Trenchard”. As time passed, variations of the surname would appear due to the phonetic pronunciation of the name being recorded differently by census recorders, church recorders or tax recorders.

Variations:

More common variations are:

Shearwin, Sherwina, Sherwine, Sherewin, Sherin, Shuerwine, Sherrin, Sherwen, Sheerin, Sharwin, Sharvin, Sharvan

History:

England:

The first known recording of the name was when the English Treasury began to document names for personal income tax. The first appearance of the surname was Gilbert Scerewin was recorded in the Danelaw Rolls of Lincoln in 1160. John Surewyn of Oxfordshire in 1273 was recorded in the “Hundred Rolls”. John Shirwyn of Norwich in 1479 was recorded with the surname, and John Sherwyn of Suffolk in 1524 was recorded by the English Treasury.

In the 17th century, Sherwin was a well-known surname in Nottingham. During that time period, five mayors held this surname.

The Sherwin surname is the 2,800th most common name in Great Britain with the highest concentration in Devon and Surrey.

Scotland:

The first appearance of the Sherwin surname is in Abderdeen in 1408 by Anny Scherwyn.

Ireland:

The Sherwin surname in Ireland appears because of immigrants from England and Scotland during the 17th century. The Gaelic surname is O’Searbhain found in Roscommon county and was anglicized to Sherwin. Mainly found in Dublin and Ulster. Also a variant of the Irish surname Sharvin or Sharvan which means ‘bitter’.

Coat of Arms Origin:

The crest origins can be traced back to Bramcote Hills,Nottinghamshire when the coat of arms was granted to the Sherwin family.

Sherwin Today:

4,000 in the United States (mainly in the Northeast, especially Vermont)

2,000 in England

700 in Canada

500 in Australia

Notable People:

Arthur Sherwin (1879), English cricketer

Brent Sherwin (1978), Australian professional rugby league player

David Sherwin (1942), British screenwriter

Britain Henry Sherwin (1842), one of the two founders of the Sherwin-Williams Company in 1866

Jane Sherwin, British actress

John C. Sherwin (1838), U.S. Representative from Illinois

John Keyse Sherwin (1751), English engraver and history-painter

Manning Sherwin (1902), American composer

Martin J. Sherwin (1937), Pulitzer Prize-winning American historian

Ralph Sherwin (1550), English Roman Catholic martyr and saint

Thomas Sherwin (1839), American Civil War general and executive

Sherwin Family Gift Ideas

Browse Sherwin family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Chichester, co. Sussex). (granted by Roberts, Ulster, 1648, to John Sherwin, captain of a ship of war; descended from an ancient family of that name in England). Gu. a griffin segreant ar. a chief wavy az. Crest—A demi man holding in the dexter hand a sword and in the sinister a staff all ppr.
2) (co. Hants). Sa. a griffin segreant per fess or and ar. betw. three crosses formée of the second. Crest—An eagle or, pellettée, with wings expanded az.
3) (Bramcote Hills, co. Nottingham). Sa. a griffin segreant per fess or and ar. betw. three crosses crosslet fitchée of the second. Crest—An eagle or, pellettée, wings expanded az.
4) Az. crusily fitchée ar. a griffin segreant erminois, on a chief of the second three escallops of the first.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
3. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P164
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin
8. Fictitious & Symbolic Creatures…in British Heraldry, J. Vinycomb, Chapman & Hall, London, 1906, P150
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
10. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128