Origins of Name:
The Sherman surname was a medieval surname used as a descriptive nickname. It first appeared prior to the 8th century. The surname derives from the Middle English words schere (“to shear” or “to cut through”) and wind (“wind”), shere-wind. The name was used to describe a professional messenger or fast runner. The name also expanded to Germany and France. The German form of the surname was “Scheidewin” and the French form of the surname was “Tranchevent” which would later become Anglicized to “Trenchard”. As time passed, variations of the surname would appear due to the phonetic pronunciation of the name being recorded differently by census recorders, church recorders or tax recorders.
More common variations are:
Shearwin, Sherwina, Sherwine, Sherewin, Sherin, Shuerwine, Sherrin, Sherwen, Sheerin, Sharwin, Sharvin, Sharvan
The first known recording of the name was when the English Treasury began to document names for personal income tax. The first appearance of the surname was Gilbert Scerewin was recorded in the Danelaw Rolls of Lincoln in 1160. John Surewyn of Oxfordshire in 1273 was recorded in the “Hundred Rolls”. John Shirwyn of Norwich in 1479 was recorded with the surname, and John Sherwyn of Suffolk in 1524 was recorded by the English Treasury.
In the 17th century, Sherwin was a well-known surname in Nottingham. During that time period, five mayors held this surname.
The Sherwin surname is the 2,800th most common name in Great Britain with the highest concentration in Devon and Surrey.
The first appearance of the Sherwin surname is in Abderdeen in 1408 by Anny Scherwyn.
The Sherwin surname in Ireland appears because of immigrants from England and Scotland during the 17th century. The Gaelic surname is O’Searbhain found in Roscommon county and was anglicized to Sherwin. Mainly found in Dublin and Ulster. Also a variant of the Irish surname Sharvin or Sharvan which means ‘bitter’.
Coat of Arms Origin:
The crest origins can be traced back to Bramcote Hills,Nottinghamshire when the coat of arms was granted to the Sherwin family.
4,000 in the United States (mainly in the Northeast, especially Vermont)
2,000 in England
700 in Canada
500 in Australia
Arthur Sherwin (1879), English cricketer
Brent Sherwin (1978), Australian professional rugby league player
David Sherwin (1942), British screenwriter
Britain Henry Sherwin (1842), one of the two founders of the Sherwin-Williams Company in 1866
Jane Sherwin, British actress
John C. Sherwin (1838), U.S. Representative from Illinois
John Keyse Sherwin (1751), English engraver and history-painter
Manning Sherwin (1902), American composer
Martin J. Sherwin (1937), Pulitzer Prize-winning American historian
Ralph Sherwin (1550), English Roman Catholic martyr and saint
Thomas Sherwin (1839), American Civil War general and executive