Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Barry of six argent and gules on a canton of the last a mullet of the first.
Barry of six argent and gules on a canton of the last a mullet of the first.
It is a fascinating surname of Norman origin and acquired from particular Norman name “Wazo”, possibly from a combined Germanic name with the first word “wod” to move. The specific name found as a nickname for an individual who had the determination to do something and always “on the force.” Tethion Filius boy of Wasso observed in the Olde English by names listed of Cornwall (about 1000), and “Wazo” and “Gazo” (beyond surname) recorded in the Domesday Book of the year 1086. The specialty of the name is borne away by the total character of surnames it created, which are in the range of Wase, Wace, Waison and Wass to Gaish, Gass, and Gaze. The surname was earlier listed in the end of12th century. For example, William listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Cambridgeshire (1210), and William Wace listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Oxfordshire (1220). Listing of surnames from London Church Registers consists of Robert Wash, who espoused Joan Estrich on November 18th, 1579 in St. Andrew from the Wardrobe, and Christopher Wash who married with Katherine Wood on August 1611 at St. Giles’, Cripplegate. The National Symbol rewarded to the Wash family Barry is of six silver and red, and on a red canton a silver mullet.
Most common variations are: Washy, Washe, Wahsh, Washa, Washo, Washi, Waish, Waush, Washu, Waash.
The surname Wash earlier appeared in Cornwall where they held a family seat. The name, derived from several forms, managed in Cornwall early the success, dating back to 1000 A.D, as Wasso, Wasce, Wazo, Gazo, Gasche, (the sound of all the words mostly the same). And in the latter two centuries, they proliferated with the south bank of England into Somerset, Hampshire, Essex, Cambridge and as long north as Lincolnshire. In the period of the taking of the Domesday Book in 1086, a census performed by Duke William of all his taxable Lands, the name was introduced by Robertus filius Wazonis, a classic version of the surname. The spelling of Gace is sounded Wace, just like Guilliam is William
The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Wase, which was dated 1194, in the “Curia Regis Rolls of Essex”. It was the reign of King Richard I, who was known as “Richard the Lionheart,” dated 1189 – 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England, this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to “develop” often leading to astonishing variations of the original.
Many of the people with surname Wash had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Individuals with the surname Wash settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Wash who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Robert Wash, who came to Virginia between the years 1663 and 1679. Joseph Wash and Joseph Wash arrived in Virginia in the same year in 1664.
Some of the people with the name Wash who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Robert Wash, who landed in Virginia in 1702, James Wash, who arrived in America in 174 and Margaret Wash, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1773 during the 18th century.
People with the name Wash who settled in the United States in the 19th century included John Wash and John Wash settled in Allegany Division, Pennsylvania in the year 1848.
Barbara Washburn was the first woman to ascend Mount McKinley.
Bradford Washburn was a famous writer.
Cadwallader C. Washburn was a businessman, politician, and governor of Wisconsin.
Chris Washburn was an American basketball player.
Ebenezer Washburn was a businessman and politician in Upper Canada.
Elihu B. Washburne was a politician, and the son of Israel and Patty Washburn.
Ichabod Washburn was a priest and a businessman who provided money to, and became the member of Washburn University.
Israel Washburn in the 19th century was a Massachusetts lawmaker.
Israel Washburn, Jr. was theGovernor of Maine and son of Israel and Patty Washburn.
The two main devices (symbols) in the Wash blazon are the mullet and barry. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 7A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.
When the field of the shield is filled with alternately coloured horizontal lines, this is known as barry, obviously because it is like having many separate bars across the field 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Barry. Such shields have great clarity from a distance, those awarded by Henry III of England to Richard de Grey were, for example, Barry argent and azure, simple blue and white horizontal stripes. According to Wade, there was no specific meaning to be attached to barry itself, but it affords the opportunity to display at equal importance two colours that may themselves have specific meanings 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P55.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|2.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|3.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77|
|4.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|5.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|6.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97|
|7.||↑||A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107|
|8.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105|
|9.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Barry|
|10.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P55|