Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Ackers Name
Origins of Ackers:
This long-established surname is geographical and Olde English pre 7th century, at least in its origins. It acquires from a home by an area of land made proper for agriculture. The progression is from the word “aecer,” and this explains a ploughed field, although, by the Middle Ages, this had assigned to ‘acker or acre.’ In general, geographical surnames were among the earliest formed since both natural and artificial characteristics in the landscape provided easily different recognizable names, but it is not clear why this category should include such an intellectual item as ‘an acre.’ We can only imagine that probably the surrounding lands were predominantly for grazing or were a forest. Be that as it may the first records include such examples as Bartholomew de Acre, also noted as Bartholomew de Akers, who was bailiff of Norwich in the year 1282, and Adam de Acres, who listed in the London Calendar of Letter Books, dated 1346.
More common variations are: Eackers, Ackeres, Akers, Eakers, Aukers, Aikers, Akeros, Eckers, Akkers, Ockers.
The surname Ackers first appeared in Lancashire where they held a family seat from old times, long before the Norman Invasion in 1066 AD.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of William del Acr, dated about 1214, in the “Curia Regis Rolls of Sussex.” It was during the time of King John who was known to be the “Lackland,” dated 1199 – 1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Ackers had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Ackers landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in 17th, 19th, and 20th. Some of the people with the name Ackers who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Ackers, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1656. Elix Ackers who landed in Virginia in 1657. Henry Ackers, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1674.
People with the surname Ackers who landed in the United States in the 19th century included William Ackers landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1863. William Ackers, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1863. John Ackers, aged 37, who settled in America, in 1896.
The following century saw much more Ackers surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Ackers who arrived in the United States in the 20th century included John Thomas Ackers, who moved to the United States from Sheffield, in 1903. Mona Ackers and Clara Ackers, both moved to America from Sheffield, in 1903. Joseph Ackers, who landed in America from Salford, in 1906. August Ackers, who settled in America from Creffed, Germany, in 1906.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Ackers: England 850; South Africa 657; United States 531; Germany 437; Australia 199; France 73; New Zealand 71; Canada 60; Netherlands 49; Wales 45.
Gary Ackers was an American professor of biochemistry.
Ackers Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Ackers blazon are the acorn, bend and dove. The two main tinctures (colors) are argent and sable.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Amongst the natural objects depicted on a coat of arms, trees feature frequently, either in whole or as individual branches and leaves or fruit. . The acorn, often represented in its early state as vert (green) can be associated of course with the mighty oak, signifying, according to Wade, “antiquity and strength”, for obvious reasons.
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right . Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). . The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank .
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The dove is an example of this, closely related birds such as pigeon and stock dove are frequently mentioned in arms but visually almost identical. The dove itself is said to represent “loving constancy and peace” , the other birds possibly some play on words with the family name (PIDGEON for example).