Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Adams Name
Surname Name Meaning, Origin, and Etymology
This primarily English and Scottish last name is a baptismal surname meaning “the son of Adam”, from the personal (first name) Adam, a masculine Hebrew given name from ha adamah, meaning “the ground” or “earth”, a name that was popularized throughout the world by the Biblical character Adam, the first person God created. One source states the family first held seat (land and titles) at Kynemund, Annadale.
The book Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers, mentions numerous early colonial settlers bearing this name, and states the following: “This family is very numerous both in England and America, and owing to the similarity and repetition of Christian names it is almost impossible to locate all the original settlers. By far the largest number are descendants of Henry Adams of Braintree. This family claims descent in a direct line from Ap. Adam who came out of the Marches of Wales. The earliest record of the English branch of the Adam’s family is that of John Ap Adam, of Charlton. Adam in Somersetshire, who married Elizabeth, daughter of and heiress to John Lord Gourmy, of Beviston and Tidenhaur, County of Gloucester, who was summoned to Lords of the Marches were noblemen, who in the early ages inhabited and secured the Marches of Wales and Scotland, ruling as if they were petty kings, with their private laws, these were subsequently abolished.”
Henry Adams of Braintree, Massachusetts (now Quincy) was the progenitor of the largest branch of the Adams family in the United States. He came to New England around 1634 and received 40 acres of land from Boston. He had eight sons and was the great great grandfather of president John Adams
Common spelling variants or names with similar etymologies include Adam, Addams, McAdams, MacAdams, Adames, Adamson, and Addams.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Adams ranks 39th in popularity in terms in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following seven states: Georgia, Kentucky, Vermont, Ohio, Maine, Alaska, and New Hampshire.
The surname Adams frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (57th), Scotland (104th), Wales (61st), Ireland (648th) and Northern Ireland (124th). In England, it ranks highest in Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire. In Scotland, it ranks highest in Kincardineshire. In Wales, it ranks highest in Pembrokeshire. In Ireland, it ranks highest in Cavan. In Northern Ireland, it ranks highest in Antrim.
The name is also present throughout the remainder English speaking world: Canada (90th), New Zealand (85th), Australia (67th), and South Africa (43rd).
The 1890 book Homes of Family Names by H.B. Guppy, states the following in regard to this surname: “Rare in the eastern and northern counties. In the north, however, its place is sometimes taken by Adamson and Addison, as in the county of Durham. It is at present best represented in Bucks, Devon, Hants, and Staffordshire, and in the counties on the Welsh border, Shropshire and Monmouthshire. This name, according to Lower, was more frequent in the Middle Ages. Adamson is found in the north of England and in the south of Scotland”.
Early Bearers of the Surname
The earliest known bearer of this surname was Alianor Adam who was documented in the Assize Rolls of Cheshire in 1281 AD. The Hundred Rolls of 1273 AD, a census of Wales and England, known in Latin as Rotuli Hundredorum lists four bearers of this surname: Juliana Adams (Huntingdonshire), John filius Adam (Oxfordshire), Hugh Adam (Oxfordshire), Germany Adam (Cambridgeshire). The Poll Tax of Yorkshire in 1379 AD lists two bearers of this last name: Johannes Adamson, Johannes Adam, and Thomas Adamson. Early marriages involving this last name include Anne Addams to Thomas Williams in London in 1618, Thomas Adames to Elizabeth Emerson in 1640, and Robert Adams to Jane Stanton at St. Dunstan’s Stepney in 1573.
History, Genealogy, and Ancestry
The famous genealogist Bernard Burke’s book “The Landed Gentry” discusses seven branches of this family, discussed below.
Adams of Antsy Hall
George-Curtis Adams, Esquire of Antsy Hall in county Warwick was born in 1806 an was a Captain in the Royal Navy and the Justice of the Peace. In 1847, he married Mary-Susan, daughter of Edward Woolmer, and had the following children with her: Henry Cadwallader, Emma Louisa (married Edward Woolcombe), and Katherine Anne. Burke traces the Adams genealogy back to Simon Adam, a merchant who died in 1448 and had several houses and property in London. From him descended Simon Adams, lord of the manor of Great Packham in county Essex who died in 1593. His grandson was also named Simon Adams and he became possessed of Morton Pinkney, county Northampton and he had a son named Reverend Simon Adams in Northampton, who was Rector of Aston-le-Wills. This Reverend had two sons: Simon and Thomas. The later was the ancestor of the Adams family of Lavendon, whereas the former was his heir. This heir, Simon Adams, was Esquire of Daventry and East Haddon who was born in 1667. In 1692, he married Anne, daughter of Reverend William Gilbert, of Culworth, and had two daughters with her as well as a son named Simon. This Simon Adams was a Reverend and Vicar of Welton in Northamptonshire. He was born in 1693 and in 1717, he married Anne, daughter of John Clark, and had two sons. The elder son was Clarke Adams, Esq. of East Haddon and Morton Pinckney, who was born in 1718 and was Lieutenant Colonel of the Militia. He was succeeded by his son Simon, Esquire of Antsy Hall in county Warwick who was Barrister-at-Law and Deputy Recorder. In 1778, he married Sarah, daughter of Cadwallader Coker of Bicester, and he had the following children with her: Henry-Cadwallader, John (Serjeant-at-Law and Assistance Judge of Middlsex, married Eliza Nation and later Jane Martin), and Sarah Coker (married James Beck of Allesley Park). His heir was the eldest son, Henry-Cadwallader Adams, Esquire of Ansty Hall who was born in 1779. In 1803, he married Emma, eldest daughter of Sir William Curtis, and had the following issue with her: Henry William, George Curtis, Frank (Major General who served in East India who married Ellen, widow of J. Straith), Arthur Robarts (Recorded of Birmingham), Cadwallader (Major General of the 49th foot, married Anna Catherine Elizabeth Stopford), Emma Curtis (married John Garrett and George Young), Laura Coker (married Alfred Burton of St. Leonard’s-on-Sea, and Louisa. He was succeeded by his son, Henry William Adams, in 1842. Henry was a Major General in the army and Lieutenant-Colonel born in 1805, who in 1843, married Katherine, his cousin, daughter of Thomas Coker Adams, and had no issue. He was killed in Crimea in 1854. The Adams Coat of Arms is blazoned in heraldry as follows: Vert, a cross or, charged with an estoile sable. Crest: A Talbot passant azure, seme of bezants, and collared argent.
Adams of Bowdon
Reverend William-Fulford Adams, of Bowdon, county Devon was born in 1833 and was Vicar of Little Faringdon in county Oxford. In 1859, he married Catherine Mary, daughter of Thomas Horton, Esquire of Bromsgrove and had four children with her: William-Dacres, Margaret, Katharine, and Winifred-Mary. Burke traces Adams genealogy or Adams ancestry back to Henry Adams who was born in 1642. He in turn had a son in 1674, also named Henry, who married Susan Tallamy of Bideford, and had a son with her. This son was Reverend Samuel Adams, born in 1693, who married Susan, daughter of Bartholomew Parr. They had a son with her named William Adams born in 1724 and he married Mary, daughter of William Chadder. They had the following issue together: William, Samuel (of Tornes, born 1770, barried Elizabeth Bentall), Mary (married Giles Welsford), Sarah-Chadder (married James Hodge), and Susan (married to John Parr Welsford). His heir was William Adams, Esq. of Bowdon, a Member of Parliament for Totnes who was born in 1752. In 1774, he married Anna Maria, daughter of Richard Dacres, Esquire, and had the following issue with her: William-Dacres, Sir George-Pownoll, Anna Maria (married Baldwin Fulford), and Louisa Sawyer. He was succeeded by his eldest son: William Dacres Adams, Esq. of Bowdon and Sydenham in Kent who was born in 1775. In 1804, he married Elizabeth, daughter of Mayow Wynell-Mayow, and had the following children with her: William Pitt (married Georgiana Emily, daughter of Robert Lukin, and was Consul-General to Peruvian Republic), Dacres, Mayow-Wynell (Justice of the Peace for Kent, born 1808, married Anna Maria Hodge), Reverend Herbert George (Vicar of Cornwood, married Eleanor Fulford), and Elizabeth-Mary. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Reverend Dacres Adams of Bowdon, who was Vicar of Bampton in Oxford, as well as Justice of the Peace. He was born in 1806 and in 1832, he married Anna Maria, daughter of Baldwin Fulford, and they had the following children together: William Fulford and Philip Dacres (married Catherine Margaret Richards and later Jane Newman).The Adams Family Crest is has the following heraldic blazon: Or, a lion rampant, gules, between semee of cross-crosslet fitchee, within a bordure engrailed sable.
Adams of Holyland
John-Alexander Philipps, Esquire of Holyland, county Pembroke, Captain of the Royal Army, who was born in 1831, who, in 1869, married Lucy-Ellen, daughter of Edward Loftus Neynoe of county Sligo and harlotte Louisa Saurin, had two children with her: John Loftus (1870) and Bertram Edward (1871). Burke traces the Adams lineage or Adams genealogy and ancestry back through history to a one John Adams of Bucklespool in county Pembroke who, in 1422, married Ellen, heiress of Paterchurch and Holyland, and from this marriage descended William. This William Adams was Esquire of Holyland, son of William, who married Anne, daughter of Joseph Rixson, and had children with her: John Phillipps, Joseph (Major in the army, married Elizabeth Campbell), Roger, and Anne (married Reverend William Thomas and later Matthew Campbell). He was succeeded by his eldest son John Philipps who was a Deputy Lieutenant that married Charlotte, daughter of William Corbett) and they had two sons together: John and William. The elder son, John, was Esquire of Holyland, in 1795, married Sophia, daughter of Archdeacon Holcombe, and left a daughter (Augusta, who married Vaughan Lloyd) and John. John Adams was his heir who was Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff in 1837. In 1796, he married Anne, daughter of Henry Gibbons, and had the following issue with her: John Alexander Philipps, Henry Joseph (married Alice Moore), Augusta Mary (married William Venables), Francis Louisa (married Admiral Sir William Loring), Agnes Anne, and Mary Charlotte. The Adams Coat of Arms is blazoned in heraldry as follows: Quarterly: 1st and 4th, sable a martlet argent; 2nd and 3rd; argent a cross gules, thereon five mullets or. Crest: a martlet argent.
Adams of Shercock
Allen Noble Adams, Esquire of Drumelton in county Cavan, was a Lieutenant Colonel in the army, was born in 1822 and served in the Kaffir War. Burke starts this Adams genealogy and lineage with James Adams, Esquire of Monaghan, of Corraneary House, county Cavan who was born in 1673. In 1694, he married Jane, youngest daughter of William and Margaret Allen of Kilmore, and had one son named Allen. Allen Adams, Esquire of Corranearry House was born in 1708 and in around 1735, married Martha, daughter of William Higginbotham. They had the following issue together: Richard, James, and William (of Castletown House who married Oliva Wildridge and had children with her), and Samuel (born 1750, married Elizabeth Leslie and had issue with her), Benjamin (a Reverend and Justice of the Peace of Retreat, see Adams of Northlands). Burke gives pedigrees of each. His heir was the eldest son Richard. This Richard Adams was an Esquire of Shercock in county Cavan, Justice of the Peace, and High Sheriff of Cavan in 1793 and Monaghan in 1785. He was born in 1736 and in 1761, he married Emelia, daughter of Thomas Crosby) and he had the following issue with her: Stuart (Lieutenant 9th and Major Cavan, Justice of the Peace, High Sheriff, married Catherine Leslie), Reverend Allen Noble, James (of Down Lodge, Captain of the Cavan Regiment), Cosby (of Drum, married Dorothea Winslow), William (Lieutenant Cavan Regiment), Joyce (married John Adams, Esq.), Emelia (born 1772, married Captain Robert Molloy Minnet), Alicia (married Francis Berry), and Jane. He was succeeded by the second son, Reverend Allen Noble Adams who was of Shercock House, was Rector of Shercock, and Justice of the Peace. He was born in 1765 and in 1791, he married Isabella, daughter of John Battersby, Esq. of Lakefield in county Meath. They had children named Richard (of Drumelton, Cavan Captain Regiment), John (Rear Admiral of the White), Stuart, Allen Noble (Ensign in the Glengarry Light Infantry Fencibles), Cosby (of Laurel Lodge, married Catharine Lyster), Reverend James (Rector of Castlecor), Martha (married Smith Berry of Five’s Alley), Sarah (married Robert J. Hautenville), and Emelia (born 1802).
Adams of Northlands
Ambrose Going Adams was Esquire of Northlands in county Cavan who was born in 1850. In 1872, he married Anne Jane Foster, daughter of Reverend William W. Deering, and had two daughters with her: Clara Elizabeth Charlotte and Ethel Annie. Burke traces the lineage or ancestry of the family to Reverend Benjamin Adams, son of Allen of Corranearry, who was Rector of Killinick and Justice of the Peace for county Cavan. He was born in 1756 and in 1777 he married Elizabeth, daughter of John Clark, and had four sons and six daughters with her: William Allen (1783), John (Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff for Cavan, married Joyce), Samuel (his heir), Charles James (Lieutenant Colonel in the Royal Navy, Justice of the Peace, married Anne-Jane Foster), Elizabeth, Elizabeth (again), Emelia, Charlotte, Matilda, and Caroline (married John J.A. Leonard of Claremont House). He died in 1840 and was succeeded by his third son Samuel. This Reverend Samuel Adams was of Northlands and was Dean of Cashel, as well as Prebendary of Terebrine. He was a Justice of the Peace for Cavan or Monaghan who was born in 1788. In 1809, he married Frances, daughter of Captain John Hervey, and had children with her: Benjamin William (born 1816), John Hervey, Charles Stuart (of Glynch House, Newbliss, married Eliza McMahonm and later Jane Henrietta Young, and had issue with both), Benjamin William (Reverend, Rector of Santry in the diocese of Dublin, married Georginia Roberts Atkin and later Louisa Jane O’Brien Adams), Dorothea Anne (married Le Chevalier Charles A. Zander on Munich in 1833), Elizabeth Frances (married John J.D. McDonald, Lieutenant), and Caroline Matilda (married Thomas Barry). Reverend Samuel Adams passed away in 1856 and was succeeded his eldest surviving son: John Henry. John Henry Adams was an Esquire of Northlands, Barrister-at-Law, Justice of the Peace, and High Sheriff who was born in 1818. He married Elizabeth Frances, daughter of Ambrose Going of Ballyphilip, in 1846 and had four children with her: Samuel Allen (married Frances Dorothea Preston), Ambrose Going, Margaret Anna (married Ormsby Colville McClintock Jones), and Elizabeth Frances (married Robert Edward Follett Jones). The Adams Family Crest is has the following heraldic blazon: Gules, a heart, between three cross-crosslets fitchee or.
Adams of Clifton and Cotswold Grange
Francis Adams was an Esquire of Clifton and Cotswold Grange in county Gloucester who was born in 1812. In 1835, he married Maria, daughter of Reverend Dr. Crossman and had issue with her: Francis (born 1837, married Julia Drummond), Albert Francis (born 1843, 24th foot, married Emma Bell), Frederic Augustus France (born 1846, 2nd Queen’s Royals), George Edward Doveton (born 1851), Lucy Ducarel (married Sir William Adolphus Frankland), Fanny Maria (married Lieutenant Colonel Henry Clark), Catherine Elizabeth, and Mary Isabella (married Henry Edward Surtees of Redworth and Dane End). Burke traces the Adams family genealogy or ancestry to Francis Adams, Esquire of Clifton, county Gloucester, only son and heir of Shute Adams and Francis Freeman. He married Mary Anne, daughter of Stansfield Davis, and had five children with her: Francis (of Clifton and Norton Malreward, Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant, married Mary Manley), Mary Anne (married J. Morse), Frances (married Robert W. Parsons), Augustus Georgiana (married Edward Morse), and Eliza Freeman. The Adams Family Crest is has the following heraldic blazon: 1st and 4th: vert, a pale azure, between two griffins, sergeant, or; 2nd and 3rd, per chevron sable and or, in chief, two eagles, displayed of the last.
Adams of Jamesbrook
Burke begins this Adams genealogy with a mention of William Richard Wallis Goold Adams, an Esquire of Jamesbrook who was born in Cork in 1853. The lineage is traced back to Michael Gold-Adams, son of Wallis Adams and Frances Goold), who in 1800, married Martha, daughter of Simon White of Bantry House, with whom he had the following issue: Richard Wallis, Michael (Lieutenant Colonel in the army, of the Scots Grey), Robert Hedges, Samuel Hamilton (of Salisbury, county Tipperary, Justice of the Peace), and Frances Jane. He died in 1817 and was succeeded by his eldest son: Richard Wallis Goold Adams, an Esquire of Jamesbrook who was Justice of the Peace, as well as a High Sheriff in 1868. In 1802, he married Mary Sarah, daughter of Sir William Wrixton-Becher, and had the following issue with her: William Richard (mentioned at the beginning of this paragraph), Francis Michael, Richard Eyre, Hamilton John, Henry Edward Fane, Edward Eyre, and Arthur Chaloner. He died in 1872 and was succeeded by his son. The Adams family was seated at Jamesbrook, near Cloyne, Ireland.
John ap Adam was born in Wales around 1359 AD. He had a son named Roger. Roger was born in Berelon, Gloucester, England in around 1380 and he had a son named Thomas. Thomas Adams was born in Beverston around 1400.
Nathaniel Adams was born in England in 1633. He went to America and was the father of Nathaniel Adams. Nathaniel was born in Charleston, MA in 1653 and he had a son named David. David was born in Massachusetts in 1685 and he married Elizabeth Capers, with whom he had a son named David. This David Adams was born in South Carolina and he married Catherine Grimball. He had four issue, one of which was David. David was born in Edisto Island, South Carolina in 1753. He had a son named Benjamin. Benjamin Adams was born in South Carolina in 1780.
In Scotland, Duncan Adam was the son of Alexander Adam, who lived during the era of King Robert the Bruce and he had for sons, from whom the Adams, Adamsons, and Adies of Scotland descend.
Early American and New World Settlers
John Adams arrived at New Plymouth in 1621 aboard the Fortune.
Joseph Adams, age 16, came to the Barbados in April of 1635 aboard the Paul of London.
William Adams, age 16, came to New England aboard the Elizabeth and Anne in May 1635.
Richard Adams, a bricklayer, came to New England aboard the Abigall in June 1635, with his wife Suzan.
Andrew Adams, age 18, came to Virginia aboard the Transport of London in July 1635.
Dorothie Adams, age 24, came to New England aboard the Defense in 1635.
Rachell Adams, age 16, came to Virginia aboard the Alice in 1635.
Thomas Adams, age 21, came to Virginia aboard the Primose in July 1635.
Richard Adams, age 22, came to Virginia aboard the Globe in August 1635.
William Adams, age 24, came to Virginia aboard the Thomas in 1635.
Raph (Ralph?) Adams was recorded as living in Virginia in 1623.
The book Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers, mentions numerous early colonial settlers bearing this name, a few of which are outlined below, the first eight of which are issue of the progenitor, Henry Adams
1) Henry Adams born 1604, settled at Medfield, MA
2) Thomas Adams, born in England in 1612, settled in Chelmsford, MA
3) Samuel Adams, born in 1617, settled in Chelmsford, died in 1666
4) Jonathan, born 1619
5) Peter, born 1622, settled at Medfield
6) John, born 1622
9) John, who came to Plymouth in the Fortune in 1621
10) William, of Cambridge, moved to Ipswich before 1642
11) Robert of Ipswich, 1635, Salem, 1638, Newbury, 1640
12) Richard of Weymouth, 1635
In Canada, one of the earliest bearers was John Adams, a farmer in St. John’s Newfoundland in 1703. In Australia, one of the earliest settlers bearing this name was William Adams, a convict from Middlesex, England who came to New South Wales (a penal colony) in 1820 aboard the Asia.
In New Zealand, some of the earliest settlers, who came in 1840, were John and Alex Percy Adams.
Early Americans Bearing the Adams Family Crest
Charles Bolton’s American Armory, published in 1927, contains five entries for the surname Adams:
1) Quart 1: A stag trippant by a pine tree above a fish naiant, all within a wreath of 13 mullets (Adams — devised by Pres. J. Q. Adams); 2: Sa a less cotised or bet 3 martlets [or?] (Smith); 3: Gu seven mascles, 3, 3, 1 or (Quincy); 4: Gu 6 crosses crosslet fitchée arg 3, 2, 1; On a chief or 3 pellets, the center charged with a fleur-de-lis, those on either side with a lion pass guard (Boylston). Crest: a lion pass guard hold in his dexter paw a cross crosslet fitchée Motto: Fidem libertatem amicitiara retinebis (Tacitus?). Prest. John Quincy Adams bookplate.
2) Arg on a cross gu 5 mullets arg [or?]. Crest: out of a ducal cor a demi- lion [affrontée gu]. Motto: Loyal au mort. Bookplate Adrienne Adams Wickham. J.W.S., sc., 1899.
3) Arg on a cross gu 5 mullets or. Impaling: Arg a semée of cinquefoils gu a lion ramp sa (Pierpont?). Crest: out of a ducal cor a demi- lion affrontée gu. Motto: Aspire persevere trust. Bookplate Thomas A. Adams. H. Hays engraver. On automobile Emma M. Adams, 568 Pine St., Lowell, 1916
4) Az a crescent or, on a chief of the 2d 3 fleurs-de-lis of the first. Crest: Issuant from a chaplet of roses gu a demi-leopard ppr holding bet the paws an escallop or. Motto: Veritas liberabit. Grant for Daniel Adams, 1773-1863, of Pleasantville, N. J. Grandfather of Arthur Adams of Trinity College, Hartford.
5) Erm 3 cats pass in pale az. Seal of Thomas Adams of New Kent Co., Va. He was b. about 1730 in New Kent, d. 1788 in Augusta Co. Crozier’s Va. Heral., p. 7.
Crozier’s General Armory contains the following entries for the Adams surname:
1) Henry Adams of Braintree, Massachusetts, 1634, Argent, on a cross gules five mullets or. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi-lion affronte gules. Motto: Aspire, persevere, and indulge not
2) Thomas Adams, Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1864, Granted in London in 1590. Vert, a cross or.
3) Ebenezer Adams, New Kent County, Virginia, 1714. Ermine, three cats passant in pale azure.
4) John Seeley Adams, Esq., Syracuse, New York. The arms of Robert Seeley, Watertown, MA. Sable a lion rampant or betwee two flaunches argent. Crest: A lion rampant or.
5) Mrs. John De La Mater Adams, Syracuse, New York. The arms of Robert Seeley, Watertown, MA. Sable a lion rampant or between two flaunches argent. Crest: A lion rampant or.
We have identified 10 Adams family mottoes:
Certior in coelo domus (A surer home in heaven)
Cruce Duce (Under the cross)
Sub cruce veritas (Truth under the cross)
Libertas et natale solum (Liberty and my native soil)
Suaviter sed fortiter
In cruce salus (Salvation comes from the Cross)
Tout ou rien (All or nothing)
Fidem libertatem amicitiara retinebis (Freedom, friendship and fidelity)
Loyal au mort (Loyal to death)
Veritas liberabit (The truth shall set you free)
We have 40 coats of arms for the London surname depicted here. These 40 blazons are from Bernard Burke’s book The General Armory of England, Ireland, and Scotland, which was published in 1848. The bottom of this page contains the blazons, and in many instances contains some historical, geographical, and genealogical about where coat of arms was found and who bore it.
There are hundreds of notable people with the Adams surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include: 1) John Adams (1735-1826) who was an American patriot, Founding Father, signer of the declaration of independence, and second president of the United States, 2) John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) who was an American statesmen and diplomat who was a Senator, member of the House of Representatives, and 6th President of the United States, 3) Samuel Adams (1722-1803) who was an American statesmen, Founding Father, Governor of Massachussetts, and political philosopher who shaped the ideals of the American Revolution, 4) Brock Adams (1927-2004) who was an American politician who became a United States Senator from Washington, 5) Judith Anne Adams (1943-2012) who was a New Zealand-born Australian Senator, 6) Bryan Guy Adams (1959) who is a singer, songwriter from Ontario Canada whose hits include Summer of 69 and Run to You, 7) Ansel Easton Adams (1902-1984) who was an American photographer and environmentalist known for his photographs of the American West, 8) Ryan Adams (1974) who is an American singer-songwriter from Jacksonville, North Carolina, 9) Amy Lou Adams (1974) who is an American actress known for her roles in Catch Me If You Can, Doubt, American Hustle, and Enchanted, 10) Charles Francis Adams Jr. (1835-1915) who was a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War and later the president of the Union Pacific Railroad, 11) Charles Francis Adams IV (1910-1999) who was a United States Naval Officer and electronics industrialist who was the president of Raytheon from 1948-1960, 12) Weaver Warren Adams (1901-1963) who was an American chess master and opening theoretician who won the U.S. Open Championship in 1948, 13) William Adams (1564-1620) who was an English navigator born in Gillingham Kent who was the first of his country to reach Japan, and 14) Charles Francis Adams (1876-1947) who was an American sports promoter and businessmen who founded the Boston Bruins.