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Albany Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

/Albany Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Albany Family Coat of Arms

Variations of this name are: Daubigny.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Albany. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Albany Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Albany blazon are the cinquefoil, eagle, greyhound and lion. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, argent and or .

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. The cinquefoil is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It is shown as five-petalled flower, each petal quite rounded but with a distinct tip. It is sometimes pierced with a hole in the centre and usually appears on its own, without any leaves. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cinquefoil It has no fixed colour but can appear in any of the available heraldic tinctures.

Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238 as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!

Unlike many of the creatures to be found in heraldry, the Greyhound is shown in a very natural aspect and lifelike poses. 14A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P204 It is probably the most common member of the dog family to be found in arms 15A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Dog, and Wade suggests that we see in its appearance the suggestion of“courage, vigilance and loyal fidelity”. 16The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P69

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Albany Name

Albany Origin:

England, France

Origins of Albany:

This old and well-known surname is of Old French origin, and is a geographical name from any of the different places in North France, like Aubigny or Aubigne (Brittany), named with the Gallo-Roman particular name “Albinius”, a secondary of “albus”, which means white, and the local addition of “-acum”, which means settlement, hamlet. The name was first brought into England by supporters of William the Conqueror in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066 and is recognized for being first noted in the Domesday Book. William de Albini, “the butler d’Aubignie,” accompanied William the Conqueror, and in the reign of Henry III (1216 – 1272), Godfrey Giffard, minister of Attleborough, Norfolk, granted by one Hugh de Albany. In 1272, William de Albania, or Albany, was noted in the Book of Fees for Nottinghamshire, and a Walter de Albenay listed in the Book of Fees for Lincolnshire, also in 1272. Another William de Albini or D’Aubigny appears in the 13th Century Lists of Norfolk. Robert Steward (1340 – 1420), minister of Scotland, created Duke of Albany in 1398. His name acquires from Albany, Albainn or Albin, an old name used in the northern parts of Scotland, resided by Picts, and named from the Celtic “alp,” which means rock, cliff. In May 1551, William Albany and Thomasyne Buttell married at St. Pancras’, London.

Variations:

More common variations are: Albainy, Albanay, Albaney, Alabany, Albaniy, Alban, Albny, Albannay, Albaniya, Albeainy

England:

The surname Albany first appeared in Shropshire where they held a family seat as Kings of the Castle. The Saxon command of English history declined after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries, and the Norman atmosphere overcame. But Saxon surnames remained, and the family name first mentioned in the 13th century when they held lands in that shire.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Nigel de Albini, dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book of Buckinghamshire.” It was during the time of King William I who was known to be the “William the Conqueror,” dated 1066 – 1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Albany had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Some of the individuals with the name Albany who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included William Albany at the age of 28, landed in Key West, Fla in 1844. W. Albany at the age of 21 who settled in Key West Florida in 1846. W Albany at the age of 21, arrived in Key West, Fla in 1846. Sarah Albany at the age of 48, arrived in Key West, Fla in 1848.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Albany: United States 692; South Africa 310; Australia 132; Brazil 111; France 86; Canada 75; England 32; New Zealand 24; Indonesia 16; Venezuela 3.

Notable People:

Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (near the year 1340 –September 1420), a member of the Scottish royal house, gave services as regent (at least partially) to three different Scottish rulers (Robert II, Robert III, and James I). He also held the titles of Earl of Menteith (February 1361), Earl of Fife (1361; resigned in 1372), Earl of Buchan (1394; resigned in 1406) and Lord of Atholl (1403, for the duration of Robert III’s life only), in addition to his 1398 creation as Duke of Albany. A terrible leader, Albany was widely observed as having caused the killing of his nephew, the Duke of Rothesay. James was held in jail in England for eighteen years, during which time Albany gave services as regent in Scotland, king in all but name.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (London, Shropshire, and Bedfordshire). Ar. on a fesse betw. three cinquefoils gu. a greyhound pass, of the field. (Another, courant or). Crest—Out of a ducal coronet gu. a demi dolphin hauriant or.
2) (Shropshire. Francis Albany, of Fernehill and Whittington, Esq., sheriff, 1595). Ar. on a fesse betw. three cinquefoils gu. a greyhound courant or.
3) Or, two chev. and a bordure gu.
4) Or, a lion ramp. az.
5) Gu. an eagle displ. within a bordure ar.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
7. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cinquefoil
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74
14. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P204
15. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Dog
16. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P69
17. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
18. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
19. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
20. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
21. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
22. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
23. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
24. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
25. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262
26. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cinquefoil
27. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle
28. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238
29. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74
30. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P204
31. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Dog
32. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P69