Atley Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Atley Family Coat of Arms

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Atley Coat of Arms Meaning

Atley Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Atleys, Atleigh.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Atley. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Atley Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Atley blazon are the crescent, cross crosslet and fesse. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, ermine and gules .

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 4A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon. The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 13Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross. The cross crosslet is one of these, being symetrical both vertically and horizontally and having an additional cross bar on each arm. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Crosslet Wade suggests that these additional crossing signify “the fourfold mystery of the Cross”. 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P103

The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour 16A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse. It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Atley Name

Atley Origin:

England

Origins of Atley:

This most interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a geographical name for someone who resided near a meadow, field or piece of arable land, from the Olde English pre 7th Century “aet”, Middle English “atte”, which means “at” with the Olde English “leah”, Middle English “Lee”, which means wood, clearing in a wood. So, Atlay has held the preposition “aet” which has, down through the ages, been combined with the second component, as in the example of the names Byfield, Uphill, Underdown, and much more. The surname also appeared in the new phrase as At(t)lee, Atley, and Attle. It first shows in recordings in the late 13th Century, and John Attele listed in the Hundred Rolls of Berkshire in 1276. Other early examples of the surname contain as William atte Leye noted in the Premium Rolls of Sussex in 1296, and Thomas Attlee, who showed in Suffolk in 1327, in the Pinchbeck Registers. An interesting name holder, mentioned in the “Dictionary of National Biography,” was one Rev. James Atlay (1817 – 1894), who was a priest of Hereford from 1868 – 1894, and given a Coat of Arms which represents a fesse between three black curves on a silver shield.

Variations:

More common variations are: Oatley, Attley, Eatley, Autley, Atoley, Ahtley, Ataley, Atle, Atly, Whatley.

England:

The surname Atley first appeared in Kent where they held a family seat from ancient times. Some say before the Norman Invasion in 1066.

The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert Atte Lee, dated about the year 1275, in the “Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire.” It was during the time of King Edward I who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272 – 1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Atley had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Atley landed in the United States in the 17th century. Some of the people with the name Atley who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Charles Atley who arrived in New England in 1684.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Atley: Australia 232; United States 172; England 134; Canada 75; New Zealand 45; Germany 3; China 2; India 1; Spain 1; Tanzania 1

Notable People:

Shaun Atley is a professional Australian rules football player who plays for the North Melbourne Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL). He was taken with draft pick #17 in the year 2010 National Draft, and played the following year, in the 2011 AFL season. He made his appearance in Round 1, against West Coast. 2012 was a much more successful year for Atley. He played every possible game and was listed as one of the competition’s most successful player.

Jack Atley is an Australian photographer and race car driver.

Atley Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Ar. a fesse betw. three crescents sa. Crest—On an escutcheon ar. a pheon az.
2) Gu. a cross crosslet erm.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106
13. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
14. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Crosslet
15. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P103
16. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse