Barley Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Barley Name
Origin of Barley:
The Barley surname is of English origin. It is a regional name which is associated with different places known as Barley in Lancashire, and West Yorkshire deriving from the Ancient English before the 7th Century word “bar” which means “forest hog” also with the word “leah” which means “timber or clearing.” The surname Barley derived its form from the Ancient English in Hertfordshire byword Be(o)ra, and from the Old English word “bera” which means” bear”. It may also be a professional surname for a maker or retailer of barley-bread or cakes which derived from the ancient English “barlich, barli” or the Old English “baerlic” which means “barley.” The surname has existed since the 12th century. More recordings consist of John Barlie (1221), “The Assize Court Rolls of Warwickshire”, and John Barlich (1279) “The Hundred Rolls of Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire”. London parish documentations contains the wedding of Thomas Barley and Elen Edwards in January 1542, at St. Leonard’s, Eastcheap, and Ellis Barley named in February 1550, at St. Lawrence Jewry and St. Mary Magdalene, Milk Street. One James and Elize Barley, moved from Belfast aboard the “Chrisan” bound for New York on May 5th, 1847.
More common variations of this surname are: Bearley, Baroley, Barliey, Baurley, Bareley, Barhley, Baraley, Bairley, Byarley, Baarley.
The name Barley firstly appeared in Hertfordshire, Essex where Borley is a hamlet and civil church.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of John Barlebred, which was dated 1185, in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk. It was during the time of King Henry II, who was known to be the “The Builder of Churches,” 1154 – 1189. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Barley settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Barley who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Anthony Barley and Antho Barley who settled in Virginia in the same year 1653. Elizabeth Barley settled in Barbados in 1654. Elizabeth Barley, who arrived in America in 1654 and Ann Barley landed in Maryland in 1665.
Some of the people with the name Barley who settled in the United States in the 18th century included James Barley, who landed in America in 1764.
Some of the people with the name Barley who settled in the United States in the 19th century included – John Barley at the age of 40, landed in North Carolina in 1812. O Barley, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850. Samuel Barley came to Philadelphia in 1859. Melchoir Barley, who arrived in West Virginia in 1861 and Henry Barley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in 1878.
Some of the people with the name Barley who settled in the Canada in the 18th century included – Frederick Barley, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in the year 1749.
Some of the people with the name Barley who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Richard Barley, at the age of 29, was a laborer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship “Osceola”.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Barley: United States 5,128; England 2,355; Brazil 127; Ghana 320; Mexico 131; France 110; Australia 399; Canada 421; South Africa 384; New Zealand 109.
Bryan Barley (born 1960), was an English rugby player.
Jack Barley (1887–1956), was a famous English cricket player.
John E. Barley (born 1945), was an American politician and lawmaker.
Les Barley (born 1967), was an American football player.
M. W. Barley (1909–1991), was an English professor and archaeologist.
Stephen R. Barley (born 1953), was an American organizational businessman. He was born in the year 1953.
William Barley (died 1614), was an English author retailer of books.
Barley Coat of Arms Meaning
The main device (symbol) in the Barley blazon is the hound. The four main tinctures (colors) are ermine, sable, gules and argent.
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 10Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Dogs of all breeds are common in heraldry and are largely depicted in a realistic fashion for that species. The obviously have a role as “man’s best friend” and can demonstrate a passion for the pursuit of hunting, but may also occur as a play on words with the family name. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:dog (and others) Wade suggests that all dogs, of whatever breed should be taken as tokens of their “courage, vigilancy, and loyal fidelity”. 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P69