The Biel surname finds its roots with the Low German word "bil," meaning "hatchet." More common variations are: Biell, Bella, Bi El, Biyel, Buiel, Bielh, Bielu, Bieyl, Biael, Biehl. The surname Biel was first found in the duchy of Brunswick, where the family emerged in mediaeval times as one of the notable families of the region. From the 13th century the surname was identified with the great social and economic evolution which made this territory a landmark contributor to the development of the nation. Some of the people with the name Biel who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Johannes Ludwig Biel, who settled in Philadelphia in 1750. Jacob Biel, who arrived in Pennsylvania in the year 1765. Some of the people with the surname Biel who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included P C Biel, who landed in San Francisco, California in the year 1850. Carl Biel, who settled in Texas in the year 1851. Carl Biel, who landed in Galveston, Tex in the year 1851.