Origin, Meaning, Family History and Blanchard Coat of Arms and Family Crest
England and France
Origins of Name:
The surname of Blanchard may originate from both an Old French and Old Germanic derivative. The first possible origin is that of the Old French word “blanc” which means white and “ard” which denotes that a person is characterized by a quality of their appearance or demeanor, and could be used as a nickname to describe an attribute of someone, as in having white hair. The second possibility for this surname of Blanchard is the Old Germanic personal name composed from “blanc” which means white, shining, pure, beautiful, and “hard” which meant brave, hearty, and strong. Thus, someone who is beautiful and brave, or any other combination of these characteristics may have been given the surname of Blanchard due to these qualities. Both possible origins categorize the surname of Blanchard as being used to describe the characteristics and qualities of a person or group of people.
More common variations are:
Blancharde, Balanchard, Blanechard, Blancharad, Pblanchard, Bilianchard, Blanchaard, Blancharrd, Blanceeard, Blancet, Blanshard
The first recorded spelling of the surname Blanchard is said to be in the Pipe Rolls of Lincolnshire, and named Richard Blanchard in the year 1177, under the reign of King Henry II, who was known as “The Builder of Churches,” and ruled from the year 1154 to the year 1189. The name originated in Lancashire, and then those who bore the family name of Blanchard spread to the counties of Yorkshire, Hampshire, the City of London, Wiltshire, and Lincolnshire.
In Scotland, those who carry the surname of Blanchard are said to congregate in the counties of Aberdeenshire, Fife, Midlothian, and West Lothian counties.
United States and Canada:
In the 17th century, settlers from European countries started leaving their homeland in search of bigger and better things, including religious freedom and work outside of Europe. During this time, many of these settlers arrived in the United States of America, which was called the New World, and the Colonies at this time. The first recorded settler in America who bore the surname of Blanchard was Thomas Blanchard, who arrived in the town of Charleston, Massachusetts in the year 1639. Forty-one years later, Elie Blanchard, and Henri Blanchard, who was twenty-four years of age, landed in the state of South Carolina in the year 1680. Also in the 17th Century, settlers fled Europe and sailed towards Canada. Louis Blanchard was the first recorded citizen bearing the Blanchard surname to land in Canada, and he did so in the year 1636. Francois Blanchard landed in Montreal in 1653, and Jean Blanchard, Louis Blanchard, and Francois Blanchard arrived in Quebec in the year 1665.
Australia and New Zealand:
In the 19th Century, settlers began to emigrate to both Australia and New Zealand. The first person who had the surname of Blanchard and was recorded in Australia was one James Blanchard, who was an English convict from Middlesex that was transported on the “Asia” in the year 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia. In New Zealand, the first recorded people to bear the surname Blanchard were Kate E. Blanchard, Maude M. Blanchard, and Agnes G. Blanchard, who all sailed to the city of Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship named the “Blue Jacket” in the year 1865.
United States 46,191
Ivory Coast 2,192
Johnny Blanchard (1933-2009) who was an American baseball player
Helen Blanchard (1840-1922) who was an inventor from America who received 28 patents for her work done between 1873 and 1915, and is most notably recognized for her inventions that deal with sewing machines and other sewing technology
Frank Nelson Blanchard (1888-1973) who was a herpetologist and zoology professor at the University of Michigan
Erin Blanchard (born in 1989) who was a gymnast from America that competed in the 2008 Olympic Games
Elizabeth Blanchard (1834-1891) who served as the seventh President of Mount Holyoke College from 1883-1889
Edmund Blanchard (1824-1886) who was a prominent business man and American lawyer
Dick Blanchard (born in 1949) who was a former linebacker in the NFL, and played for the New England Patriots in the 1972 NFL season
George Samuel Blanchard (1920-2006) who was a Four-Star General in the U.S. Army, a Commander in Chief, a U.S. Army Commander in Europe in the Central Army Group from 1975 to 1979
George Washington Blanchard (1884-1964) who was a prominent American politician
Blanchard Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Blanchard blazon are the bezant, chevron and griffin. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the bezant Is a typical example of this, and in British Heraldry always takes the tincture or. It shares the same root as the name Byzantium, being associated with the gold coin of that city and indeed, in some heraldic traditions is represented as a coin-like disk in perspective. Wade suggests that the use of this device refers to ” one who had been found worthy of trust and treasure.”
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The griffin is perhaps the most common of these creatures, being a chimera with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. . It is most often in the pose known as rampant segreant, on its hind legs with claws and wings extended. Vinycomb has much to say on the subject of the griffin, perhaps summarised in his belief that it represents “strength and vigilance”.]