Origin, Meaning, Family History and Borne Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Borne:
Listed in many spelling forms containing as Born, Bourn, Borne, and the professional word Borner. It is an English surname. It has two possible origins. The first is regional from one of the many areas named as Born or Bourn, or it was geographical and pre 7th century Olde English, and mentioned a person who resided or in the situation of Borner worked “atte burna.” While “burna” means a small river or water source, it was also a term which was used to describe a water source which was at the church or hamlet boundary limit. According to the early documentations one William atte Borne, of Somerset was recorded in 1327. Secondly, the surname may also be a pet name. In this situation, it acquired from the Olde French word “borgne” which means “one-eyed.” The registers from this origin are very old and contain William le Borne in 1164 and Waltere le Borne of 1185, in the Premium Rolls of the division of Dorset. These recordings find as related to that of Simon Monoculus, from the Latin mono which means one, and Oculus – an eye.
More common variations are: Bourne, Boorne, Buorne, Boarne, Borney, Beorne, Bowrne, Boyrne, Borneo, Bornea.
The surname Borne first appeared in Lincolnshire at Bourne, a market town and local church in the South Kesteven division which is sometimes back to the Domesday Book where it was recorded as Brune. The place name was acquired from the Old English word burna or perhaps the Old Scandinavian word brunnr. The Bourn mentioned above in South Cambridgeshire was also seen in the Domesday Book where it was recorded at that time as Brune. It has the same source. Bourne Abbey is in Bourne; Lincolnshire dates back to before Domesday Book in 1086. At that time, it recorded as “half a parish” and had a clergyman. In other words, it was a small parish but standards of those days.
Many of the people with surname Borne had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Borne settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the individuals with the name Borne who landed in the United States in the 17th century included David Borne arrived in Virginia as early as 1620. Richard Borne, aged 24, arrived in Barbados in 1634. Tho Borne, aged 22, landed in Barbados or St Christopher in 1634. Marmaduke Borne, aged 21, landed in St Christopher in 1635. William Borne, who arrived in Virginia in 1642.
People with the surname Borne who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Jacob Borne sailed into port at New York, NY between the years of 1710 and 1714. Joseph Borne, who landed in Virginia in 1717. Ludwick Borne, aged 32, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1737. Henry Borne, who arrived in Frederick County, Maryland in 1795.
The following century saw many more Borne surnames arrive. Some of the population with the surname Borne who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Carolina Borne, who came to America in 1844 at the age of 16. I Borne, aged 35, arrived in New Orleans, La in 1848.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Borne: United States 3,486; France 3,404; Mali 1,753; Brazil 413; Canada 350; England 220; South Africa 201; India 126; Chile 117; Spain 116.
Michel Borne (September 1784 – 1843 or later) was a businessman and politician in Eastern Canda. He supported Rimouski in the Legislative Assembly in Canada from the year 1841 to the year 1843.
Al Borne (December 1911, Chicago, Illinois – February 2000, Tarzana, California) was an American popular song writer, orchestra manager, music composer and musical director, who received his education from the University of Illinois.
Borne Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Borne blazon are the lion, bend and chevron. The four main tinctures (colors) are ermine, gules, azure and sable.
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right . Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). . The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank .
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.