Bover Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Bover Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Bover:
This interesting name is related to “Bouvier” or “Bouverie,” and appeared in Catalan which is a French geographical name for a person who lived by a cowshed, or it may be a professional name for a shepherd both from the Old French “bouvier,” which means a stable for oxen. In the late 16th Century, French and Flemish Huguenots, fleeing religious oppression brought the surname into England, as did another wave of settlers mainly French, at the end of the 17th Century. Richard Bover married Katherin Wager at Earls Colne, Essex in May 1560, while also in September Alice, daughter of Richard Bover named. John, son of John and Anne Bover named at St. Anne Blackfriars, London in 1592, while in September 1706, Isacc, son of Charle and Anne Bouuar, French Huguenots, named at Threadneedle Street, London, as was Abraham Bouvar in May 1710. At Chelmsford, Essex, John Buiver married Fortune Long in February 1727.
More common variations are: Bovery, Boaver, Boveri, Bovero, Boever, Bhover, Boover, Bovyer, Bouver.
The surname Bover first appeared in Yorkshire where they held a family seat with estates in that shire. The Saxon rule of English history declined after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries, and the Norman ambiance predominated. But Saxon surnames remained, and the family name showed by Danielle Buuier in 1191, and again in 1197.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Edward Bover, who married Alys Gwyn, dated about the year 1544, in the “St.Micheal Bassishaw”, London. It was during the time of King Henry VIII who was known to be the “Good King Hal,” dated 1507 – 1547. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Bover had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Bover: Spain 1,260; Argentina 224; United States 152; India 137; France 110; Brazil 79; England 65; Australia 35; Russia 29; Ukraine 24
Miguel Bover Pons (February 1928 in Palma de Mallorca –January 1966 in Palma de Mallorca) was a Spanish professional road bicycle racer. He was the son of 1920 Spanish road race champion Miguel Bover Salom.
Captain Peter Turner Bover (October 1772 – late 1802) was an officer of the Royal Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars, who shot the first shot at the Spithead revolution of 1797. He entered the Royal Navy, following in the footsteps of his father (Captain John Bover) and two of his elder brothers, as a missionary aboard HMS Perseus. He was assigned to HMS Queen the same year, and then to the HMS Crown, then the flagship of Commodore Cornwallis. He took a great interest in Bover’s job, as did Admiral Affleck, who wrote that “Bover is a name which will always be dear to the service”.
Bover Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Bover blazon are the fleur-de-lis and goat. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, argent and or .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? Nevertheless, real animals 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P191 are perhaps one of the most common sights on coats of arms, especially animals of European origin. The goat Is a typical example of these. Guillim, writing in the 17th century suggested that it may represent a “martial man who wins victory by…policy [rather] than valour”, a diplomat by any other name. 13A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P119