Origin of Broom:
The origin of this name originally evolved from Anglo-Saxon and is a locational or geological surname. According to the history, it was acquired from any one of the different places known as Broom ( in Bedfordshire, Durham, and Worcestershire), Broome (in Norfolk, Shropshire, and Warwickshire), and Brome, in Suffolk. Most of the regions listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 in the form of “Brume” or “Brom” and all convey similar meanings and foundation from the Ancient English pre the 7th Century word “brom”, which means (region of) broom gorse. As a geological surname Broome, Broom or Brome represents the region where broom flourished. Roger Broome was the first traveler to the New World, leaving London on the “Truelove” in September 1635 obligated for new England. The naming of Thomas Broom listed at All Hallows, Honey Lane, London, in January 1618.
More common variations are: Broome, Broohm, Baroom, Broomi, Boroom, Brooma, Brom, Barhoom, Boroomi, Byrom.
The surname Broom was found in Kent where Eustace de la Brome was recorded in the Hundred Year Rolls of 1273. The same poll records William de Broom and Henry Brom in Norfolk. In the period of King Edward III (1312 – 1377), lists of the name organized in Somerset: Nicholas Brome and William Brome. One more early branch of the family was found in the church of Holton in Oxfordshire. In the church document, it listed the wedding of Ireton to Bridget, daughter of Oliver Cromwell, which occurred in June 1646, in the manor-house of the Whorwood family, to whom the lands transmitted by the wedding with the recipient being George Brome.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert de Brome, dated 1193, in the Pipe Rolls of Leicestershire. It was during the time of King Richard I who was known to be the “Lionheart,” 1189 – 1199. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Broom settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Broom who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Margaret Broom, who arrived in Maryland in 1652, Daniel Broom settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1683 and Daniel Broom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in the same year 1683.
Some of the people with the surname Broom who settled in the United States in the 18th century included John Broom landed in Pennsylvania in 1708 and Thomas Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1716. John Broom settled in Jamaica in 1722. John Broom settled in Virginia in 1727.
Some of the people with the surname Broom who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Coena Serbel Broom landed in Pennsylvania in 1803 and Luke C Broom at the age of 25 landed in New York in 1812.
Some of the people with the surname Broom who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Elizabeth Broom, who was an English prisoner from Somerset aboard the “Anna Maria” in October 1851, settling in Van Diemen’s Land, Australia.
Some of the people with the surname Broom who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Hannah Broom, who was a servant at the age of 19, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Waipa” in 1876
Here is the population distribution of the last name Broom: United States 5,973; England 4,135; Wales 293; Australia 813; Ireland 1,529; Canada 261; South Africa 1,151; New Zealand 258; Scotland 210; Germany 168; Sweden 87.
Christina Broom (1862–1939), was a British photographer and cameraman.
Jacob Broom (1752–1810), was an American businessman and lawmaker.
Jacob Broom (congressman) (1808–1864), was a United States Congress member from Pennsylvania.
James M. Broom (1776–1850), was an American politician and lawmaker.
Mark Broom (born 1971), is a British techno singer and DJ.
Neil Broom (born 1983), is a New Zealand cricket player.
Robert Broom (1866–1951), was a South African archaeologist.