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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Welch's Bentley, cos. Hants, and Hertford). Gu. a griffin pass. ar. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a dragon’s head, wings elevated vert.
2) (Clapham, co. Surrey; granted 1754). Gu. a griffin pass wings elevated ar. on a canton indented or, a butterfly volant az. Crest—A demi dragon with wings elevated ar. issuing from a ducal coronet or, on each wing, a butterfly volant az.
3) Gu. a griffin segreant or.
4) Or, on a bend az. three bees volant ar.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Butterfield Coat of Arms and Family Crest

BUTTERFIELD

Butterfield is an English surname which originated from one of two sources. The first and most likely source is geographical, indicating the bearer of the name resided on or near Butterfield, one of two places, the was once located near West Riding, Yorkshire, the second was near Lancashire. The second source is occupational, as it is believed the name Butterfield was used in reference to a person who raised cows for dairy.

The variations in the spelling of the surname includes; Butterfield; Boutterfield; Butterfeld; Buttersfield; Boutterfeld; and Butterfelds among others. The variations in spelling of surnames dating back to ancient times can be attributed to a lack of consistency regarding guidelines for spelling in use by the scribes who recorded such information, many of which were in the habit of spelling phonetically. The issue of multiple spellings of names in records was compounded by the diversity of languages in use in European countries at this time.

Until the mid to late sixteenth century, surnames were rarely if ever used. In the small settlements and villages which existed during earlier times in most of Europe, residents found little need for surnames as everyone in these communities knew each other and a given name would usually suffice. However, as communities grew and people began to migrate on a larger scale, along with the need of the government having a reliable way to track people for tax and census purposes, the aristocracy's penchant for using surnames seemed the appropriate evolution to this problem. In most instances to distinguish themselves, one from another, those not of the noble class would often be identified by their given name plus their occupation while others may have been identified by their given name and one of their parent's names. There was a limitless supply from which surnames could be formed, in addition to the use of patriarchal or matriarchal names, or reference to the individuals occupation, there were things such as defining physical traits, a familiar geographical location or a topographical landmark found near the individual's home or birthplace, the name of the village in which the person lived, and so much more. Over the course or time, surnames would come not just to represent an individual but whole families.

One of the earliest record of any variation of this surname is that of Hugh de Buteresfeld which appears in the Buckinghamshire tax rolls from 1199. The tax rolls, were a series of census and tax records kept by the English Treasury by order of King John, with the oldest dating back over seven hundred years to the 12th century. These documents are considered the oldest concentric set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom spanning a period of over seven centuries.

With the discovery of America and the addition to the British Commonwealth of countries such as Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, it was not long before people began to immigrate to these outlying areas. The use of surnames made tracking of immigrants easier. One of the first recorded immigrants to America bearing the surname was Benjamin Butterfield who landed and settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1638. Robert Butterfield landed and settling in Virginia in 1650. Sarah Jane Butterfield was one of the early settlers to Australia, landing and settling in Adelaide in 1838. John and Elizabeth Butterfield and their children, Hannah and Asa, are some of the early settlers to New Zealand, arriving and settling in Nelson in 1842.

Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Butterfield are found in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, the United States, and Canada. By state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Butterfield live in Maine, Utah, and Idaho.

There are many notable people with the surname Butterfield such as, British born medical researcher and clinician, William John Hughes Butterfield, Baron Butterfield.

Butterfield attended Oxford University, Johns Hopkins University as a Rockefeller Foundation Scholar, and received a fellowship at the Medical College of Virginia. He has served as a Professor of Experimental Medicine at Guy's Hospital in England, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Nottingham, Regius Professor of Physic at Cambridge University, and Master of Downing College, Cambridge.

In recognition of his service and contributions to education and medicine, Butterfield has been awarded a Knight Bachelor, Officer of the Order Of the British Empire, Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and in 1988 he was made a life peer, Baron Butterfield, of Stechford in the County of West Midlands.

Butterfield Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Butterfield blazon are the griffin, butterfly and bee. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, azure and or .

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3.

Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 4. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 5.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.6. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 7. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.8.

In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures 9 came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The griffin is perhaps the most common of these creatures, being a chimera with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. 10. It is most often in the pose known as rampant segreant, on its hind legs with claws and wings extended. Vinycomb has much to say on the subject of the griffin, perhaps summarised in his belief that it represents “strength and vigilance”.]11

Wade assigns the butterfly as an emblem representing the soul. 12 It is a very pleasant symbol to find in a coat of arms, it may be multi-coloured and indeed French heraldry contains several words specifically for describing the colours of various parts of this delightful insect. 13

We might well expect thebee, industrious creator of honey with all its association of both work and sweet reward, 14, but we also find other members of the insect kingdom, both decorative, such as the butterfly and more of a nuisance, such as the cricket! 15.

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References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 3 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 4 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
  • 5 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150
  • 6 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
  • 7 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
  • 8 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 9 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P164
  • 10 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Griffin
  • 11 Fictitious & Symbolic Creatures…in British Heraldry, J. Vinycomb, Chapman & Hall, London, 1906, P150
  • 12 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P146
  • 13 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:butterfly
  • 14 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 80
  • 15 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P260