Cardew Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Cardew Name
Origins of Cardew:
Listed in many forms such as Cardew, Carthew, Cardy, and sometimes Cardow, Cardo and Cardoe, this is a complicated English surname. It is usually thought to be locational in origin from the hamlets called Cardew in the churches of Trevalga and Warbstow in Cornwall, although there is also a place called Cardew in Northumberland, which may have given rise to the surname. All these places have the similar meaning of the “Dark fort,” from the pre 7th Celtic words “ker” which means a fort, and “Du,” which means a dark place. It is also possible that the name is geographical from the Olde French words “carde” or the earlier Latin “carduus.” These explained a special thistle used in the carding or exciting of wool, to clean it before the spinning process, and hence they explained a person who resided by or worked on these thistle beds. Finally, it is also possible that the name may have been an old nickname for somebody who was a sharp character, or given the robust humor of the Middle Ages, the complete reverse. Early examples of the surname records derived from the early remaining parish records of the parish of Greater London contain as Robert Cardo at St Mary’s Bermondsey, in April 1559, and Robert Cardew, who married Ann Harte at St James Clerkenwell, in August 1602.
More common variations are: Cardow, Cordew, Gardew, Crodew, Garedew, Creedew.
The surname Cardew first appeared in Cumberland, where they held a family seat from old times.
Many of the people with surname Cardew had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Cardew landed in the United States in 18th century. Some of the people with the name Cardew who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included David Cardew, who came to Philadelphia in 1769.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Cardew: England 446; United States 188; Australia 89; Wales 56; Canada 30; Spain 8; Germany 3; France 3; Sweden 2; Scotland 2.
Cornelius Cardew (May 1936 –December 1981) was an English experimental music writer, and author (with Howard Skempton and Michael Parsons) of the Scratch Orchestra, an experimental performing group. He later rejected experimental music, explaining why he had “discontinued composing in an avant-garde idiom” in his program notes to his Piano Album 1973 in support of a politically motivated “people’s liberation music.”
Michael Cardew, CBE (1901–1983), was an English studio potter who worked in West Africa for twenty years.
Seth Cardew (1932 February 2016) was an English studio potter. He was the eldest son of fellow potter Michael Cardew and the brother of the composer Cornelius Cardew. He was born in Winchcombe, Gloucestershire. He started his education as a chorister at Canterbury Cathedral Choir School and Midhurst Grammar School, he then studied painting at Chelsea School of Art London and modeling at Camberwell School of Art. He then worked as a model maker at Pinewood, Elstree, and Sheperton Studios from 1960 to 1970, including work on the 1962 film Satan Never Sleeps and Cleopatra in 1963.
Cardew Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Cardew blazon are the bezant and per fesse. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and or.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the bezant Is a typical example of this, and in British Heraldry always takes the tincture or. It shares the same root as the name Byzantium, being associated with the gold coin of that city and indeed, in some heraldic traditions is represented as a coin-like disk in perspective. Wade suggests that the use of this device refers to ” one who had been found worthy of trust and treasure.” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P122
The background of the shield can be divided into two potrtions in a variety of ways, and each portion coloured in a different fashion. In European Heraldry there is a tendency to use these areas to combine two different coats of arms, but in British and Scottish heraldry the preference is to treat the divided field as a single decorative element with other features placed as normal. Whatever tradition is followed, one of the most common divisions is per fesse, a simple separation along a horizontal line. 9Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P63. Not quite as common as the alternative vertical partioning, per pale it still presents a pleasing aspect 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Party.