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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Charles Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Charles Origin:

France, Germany, England

Origins of Name:

The surname of Charles has multiple possible origins and spellings throughout the history of this surname. The first of these possible origins for the Charles surname is pre 5th Century Germanic origins, where the names Carl, Carlo, Charles, Carletti, De Carlo and Karlowicz are all deviations of this surname. They come from the names “Karl” or “Carl” which is translated to mean “man” and was Latinized at a later date to be pronounced and spelled as “Carolus.” This personal name eventually led to the Old French spelling of “Charles” was introduced to England during the Norman Conquest of 1066, but wasn’t a popular name until after the Stuart period, which commenced in 1603. In France, the surname of Charles was a popular name, because of Emperor Charlemagne, King of the Franks, which translates to “Charles the Great” and who ruled from the year 724 to the year 814. In Scotland, the surname of Charles was introduced by the Stuart Monarchs, in the 16th century, because of their strong ties with France. There is also a possibility that the surname of Charles is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and derives from the word “ceorl” which translates to mean farmer or bondsman.

Variations:

More common variations are:

Charleus, Charlesi, Charlless, Charlies, Charless

History:

The first known recorded spelling of the surname of Charles was Osbert Cherle, which was recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire, England, and recorded in 1193, under the reign of King Richard I, who was commonly referred to as “Richard the Lionheart” and who ruled from the year 1189 to the year 1199. In the year 1208, the personal name of “Carolus” was recorded in a charter called the “Curia Rolls” of the County Suffolk. Later, in the year 1221, Frethesant Cherl was recorded in the charters of the county of Cambridgeshire, England. In the country of England, those bearing the surname of Charles are found in the counties of Yorkshire, Lancashire, Warwickshire, Gloucestershire, and the city of London.

Germany:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Charles in Germany is recorded as one Rudolf Karle, who was recorded as a Klosterdiener, which meant that he was a monastery worker, and he was recorded in the town of St. Bastian in the year 1275.

Scotland:

Those who carry the surname of Charles are found in high concentrations in Aberdeenshire, Angus, Lanarkshire, Midlothian, and Fife Counties.

Wales:

In Wales, those who bear the surname of Charles are found in the counties of Glamorgan and Carmarthenshire.

United States of America:

During the Great Migration, it was common for settlers to leave their home country in search of a better life, with religious freedom, better working conditions, and better living conditions. This time was called the Great Migration, or the European Migration. This happened during the 1600’s, and many of these settlers chose the United States of America, which at that time was referred to as the New World, or the Colonies. The first recorded person in the United States with the surname of Charles was one Mildreth Charles, who arrived in America in the year 1620. Those who settled in America with the surname of Charles can originated in the states of Louisiana, New York, and Pennsylvania. As the United States became more colonized, and people moved out West, those with the surname of Charles can be found in the states of Michigan, Alabama, North Carolina, California, Washington, Wisconsin, Indiana, Texas, Arkansas, Massachusetts.

Charles Today:

Tanzania 240,071

Nigeria 100,413

Haiti 89,124

United States 64, 903

Uganda 47,050

France 27,137

England 16,385

Mexico 13,165

Kenya 11,927

Trinidad and Tobago 11,469

Notable People:

Robert Edwin “Bob” Charles (1936-2016) who was a politician in Australia, who was born in America, and was a Member of the Australian Parliament for La Trobe from 1990 to 2004

Ray Charles (1918-2015) who was born with the name Charles Raymond Offenburg, and was a musician, singer, songwriter, vocal arranger, and conductor; who was best known as the organizer and leader of the Ray Charles Singers

Miss Eleanor Charles (died in 1915) who was an American Second Class Passenger from New York, New York who died in the sinking of the RMS Lusitania in 1915

Ray Charles (1930-2004) who was born with the name Ray Charles Robinson, who pioneered the genre of soul music in America in the 1950’s era

E. W, Charles, who was a Delegate to the Democratic National Convention from South Carolina in 1860

David Charles, who was a Candidate for the U.S. Representative from Tennessee in the 6th District in the year 2000

D.K. Charles, who was an Alternate Delegate to the Republican National Convention from Michigan in the year 1888

Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Bridgenhall). Erm. on a chief gu. five fusils of the field.
2) (Tavistock, co. Devon). Erm. (another, ar.) on a chief wavy gu. an eagle displ. or. Crest—A demi eagle with two heads per pale or and erm.
3) (Devonshire). Barry nebulee of eight or and sa.
4) (London). Erm. on a chief gu. five lozenges in fesse of the field. Crest—A demi wolf erm. holding a halbert ar. tasselled or.
5) (Norfolk). Erm. on a chief gu. three mascles (another, lozenges) of the first
6) (Stratford, co. Warwick, and Norfolk, confirmed by Cooke, Clarenceux, to Richard Charles, of London, son of Richard Charles, Esq., of Stratford-upon-Avon). Erm. on a chief gu. five lozenges in fesse of the field. Crest—A demi griffin erm. holding a spear gu.
7) (Ireland). Per fesse wavy gu. and erm. in chief an eagle displ. ar.
8) (Rev. James Charles, Scotland, 1870). Motto—Virtus auget honores. Or, on a bend betw. an eagle displ. in chief and a boar’s head couped in base sa. five fusils ar. Crest—An eagle, as in the arms.
9) Ar. on a chief wavy gu. an eagle displ. or.
10) Erm. on a chief gu. four lozenges of the first.
11) Ar. on a bend sa. three cinquefoils or.

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References

  • 1 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
  • 2 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
  • 3 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
  • 4 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 5 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
  • 6 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
  • 7 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fusil
  • 8 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P117
  • 9 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 40
  • 10 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Chief
  • 11 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40
  • 12 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22
  • 13 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49