Chetwood Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Chetwood Family Coat of Arms

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Chetwood Coat of Arms Meaning

Chetwood Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Chetwode.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Chetwood. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Chetwood Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Chetwood blazon are the crosses patee and lion. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128. The cross pattee is typical of these, pattee meaning “spreading”, and so the ends of the arms of the cross curve gently outwards to rather pleasing effect. 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Pattée

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172 11Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63 12Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 13A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 14The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60, a sentiment echoed equally today.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Chetwood Name

Origins of Chetwood:
Chetwood is a name of old Anglo-Saxon origin and acquires from a family once having resided in or near the settlement of Chetwood in the division of Buckinghamshire.  The Chetwood family is said to have resided there for at least 26 generations.  The surname Chetwood belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which acquired from pre-existing names for towns, hamlets, parishes, or farmlands.  The English language only became regulated in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names.  As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people’s names raised. Chetwood has noted under many different variations, including Chetwode, Chetwood, Chetwoode, Chitwood, Chitwode and much more.

Variations:
More common variations are: Cheetwood, Chetwoode, Cheatwood, Chatwood, Chetwode, Chitwood, Chetwodd, Cheatwod, Chattwood, Chittwood.

England:
The surname Chetwood first appeared in Buckinghamshire where they decline from Robert de Thain, who held Chetwode under the Priest of Baieux in the time of William the Champion.  John de Chetwode during the reign of Edward 111 married the heiress of Oakley, of Oakley of Staffordshire.  “This estate of Chetwode, as shows to me, has been in the possession and inheritance of the Chetwodes longer than any land or estate in this division of Buckingham has continued the property of any other family now there existing.”  “Sir John Chetwode, Bart., is lord of the estate, and principal landed owner [of Lower Whitley, Cheshire].”

United States of America:
Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Chetwood or a variant listed above: Marie Chittwood who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1635.  John Chitwood settled in Barbados in 1694.  William Chitwood settled in Virginia in 1636.

Chetwood Family Gift Ideas

Browse Chetwood family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Notes: (Oakley, co. Stafford, bart.; since also of Chetwode and Ogden, co. Berks, and Whitley, co. Chester). Blazon: Quarterly, argent and gules four crosses patee counterchanged. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi lion issuant gules. Motto —Corona mea Christus.
2) Notes: (Oakley, co. Stafford, bart.; since also of Chetwode and Ogden, co. Berks, and Whitley, co. Chester). Blazon: Quarterly, argent and gules four crosses patee counterchanged. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi lion issuant gules. Motto —Corona mea Christus.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Pattée
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
11. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
12. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
13. A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
14. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60