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Chetwood Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Chetwood blazon are the crosses patee and lion. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 6. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 7, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 8. The cross pattee is typical of these, pattee meaning “spreading”, and so the ends of the arms of the cross curve gently outwards to rather pleasing effect. 9

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 10 11 12. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 13 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 14, a sentiment echoed equally today.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Chetwood Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Origins of Chetwood:
Chetwood is a name of old Anglo-Saxon origin and acquires from a family once having resided in or near the settlement of Chetwood in the division of Buckinghamshire.  The Chetwood family is said to have resided there for at least 26 generations.  The surname Chetwood belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which acquired from pre-existing names for towns, hamlets, parishes, or farmlands.  The English language only became regulated in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names.  As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names raised. Chetwood has noted under many different variations, including Chetwode, Chetwood, Chetwoode, Chitwood, Chitwode and much more.

Variations:
More common variations are: Cheetwood, Chetwoode, Cheatwood, Chatwood, Chetwode, Chitwood, Chetwodd, Cheatwod, Chattwood, Chittwood.

England:
The surname Chetwood first appeared in Buckinghamshire where they decline from Robert de Thain, who held Chetwode under the Priest of Baieux in the time of William the Champion.  John de Chetwode during the reign of Edward 111 married the heiress of Oakley, of Oakley of Staffordshire.  "This estate of Chetwode, as shows to me, has been in the possession and inheritance of the Chetwodes longer than any land or estate in this division of Buckingham has continued the property of any other family now there existing."  "Sir John Chetwode, Bart., is lord of the estate, and principal landed owner [of Lower Whitley, Cheshire]."

United States of America:
Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Chetwood or a variant listed above: Marie Chittwood who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1635.  John Chitwood settled in Barbados in 1694.  William Chitwood settled in Virginia in 1636.

Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Notes: (Oakley, co. Stafford, bart.; since also of Chetwode and Ogden, co. Berks, and Whitley, co. Chester). Blazon: Quarterly, argent and gules four crosses patee counterchanged. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi lion issuant gules. Motto —Corona mea Christus.
2) Notes: (Oakley, co. Stafford, bart.; since also of Chetwode and Ogden, co. Berks, and Whitley, co. Chester). Blazon: Quarterly, argent and gules four crosses patee counterchanged. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi lion issuant gules. Motto —Corona mea Christus.

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Comments

Ann-Marie Chetwood (Ms) commented on 27-Aug-2019
I have been doing my family Tree. Gone as far has 1278. I would like to go further. in the Doomsday book my name is spelled CETEODE in the year 1086 I would like to find out if this is a great Grandfather AmChetwood

References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 3 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 4 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 5 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 6 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
  • 7 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67
  • 8 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128
  • 9 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Pattée
  • 10 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
  • 11 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
  • 12 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
  • 13 A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
  • 14 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60