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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Notes: (Bristol). Blazon: Argent a bend between six estoiles gules. Crest—A leopard sejant argent murally crowned gules.
2) Notes: None. Blazon: Sa. two lions pass. and counterpass. betw. as many chev. ar.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Chipman Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Chipman Origin:

England

Origin of Chipman:

The Chipman surname originally evolved from Anglo-Saxon origins. It is a professional name for a businessman or trade person, acquired from the Middle English (1200 – 1500) word “chapman”, from the Olde English word pre 7th Century “ceapmann”, a combination of “ceap”, trade, transaction price or property and “mann”, meaning man. It is regarded that some of the first Chapman’s were stateless, although others were traveling merchants, who sold a wide variety of different kind of goods. The surname since the year 1206 contains the following recordings: Alice Chepman (1207, Derbyshire), Thomas le Chapman (1266, Staffordshire), Nicholas le Chipman, (1320, Somerset) and Henry le Chupman (1327, Hampshire). The present surname can found as Chapman, Chipman, Chapper, Chipper and Cheeper. Chipman is a West Saxon spelling of the name. One Henry Chapman, at the age of 19 years old, was an early settler in America, emigrating from London on the "Primrose", set for "Virginea" in July 1635. Between the documentation in London, Richard Chapman married Hester Bonne on December 1645 at St. Botolph's, Bishopgate.

Variations:

Some common variations are: Schipman, Chippman, Chipmanw, Chpman, Schipmann, Schippman, Chipamani, Scheipman. Schiipman, Chapman.

England:

The surname Chipman was found in Somerset where they held a family seat from very ancient times. Few say before the Norman Invasion and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Hugh Chapman, dated 1206, In the “Curia Regis Rolls of Yorkshire”. It was during the time of King John who was known to be the “Lackland,” 1199 – 1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as the Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Chipman settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Chipman who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Thomas Chipman who arrived in New England in 1630. John Chipman who sailed from Barnstable in Devon in England who sailed aboard the “White Angel” in 1650. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Howland who came over on the “Mayflower”. John Chipman was a member of the General Court of the first colony. Dorothy Chipman, who came in Maryland in 1676.

People with the name Chipman who settled in the United States in the 18th century included John Chipman settled in Boston in 1769.

People with the name Chipman who settled in the United States in the 19th century included John Chipman arrived in Philadelphia in 1803. A Chipman, W Chipman, and J Chipman these all people landed in San Francisco, in California in 1855. John Chipman, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in1873.

Canada:

People with the name Chipman who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Mr. Ward Chipman U.E. born in Massachusetts, the USA who landed in Saint John; New Brunswick 1783 graduated from Harvard in 1770.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Chipman: United States 6,151; England 237; Israel 130; The Bahamas 56; New Zealand 31; China 4; Zambia 4; Namibia 3; Australia 212; Canada 966

Notable People:

Daniel Chipman (1765–1850), was an American lawyer from Vermont. He was born in Salisbury, Connecticut to Samuel and Hannah Austin Chipman. He got an education from Dartmouth College in 1788. He started the practice of law in Rutland, Vermont.

James Chipman Fletcher (1919–1991), was an executive at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

John Chipman (Nova Scotia politician) (1744–1836), was a judge and lawmaker in Nova Scotia.

John Logan Chipman (1830–1893), was a congressman from Michigan.

John Smith Chipman (1800–1869), was a lawmaker and also U.S. congressman from Michigan.

Mark Chipman was a Canadian businessman and sports manager.

Nathaniel Chipman (1752–1843), was an American politician from Vermont.

Norton P. Chipman was an American Army officer (1861–1865) and District of Columbia lawyer and politician.

Thomas Chipman McRae (1851–1929), was an American businessman and Governor of Arkansas.

Chipman Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Chipman blazon are the estoile, lion, bend and chevron. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, sable and gules .

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 3. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 4. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 5.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.6. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 7. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 8, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

There were of course many widely recognised symbols that existed long before the advent of heraldry and it should be no surprise that some of these were adopted as charge in coats of arms 9. The estoile is a typical example, reflecting the stars in the sky and represented with six wavy points, often with a little shading to give it some depth. 10. The ancient writer Guillim assigns these symbols as the emblems of God’s goodness”. 11

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 12 13 14. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 15 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 16, a sentiment echoed equally today.

The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 17. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 18. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 19.

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References

  • 1 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 2 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 3 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
  • 4 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
  • 5 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
  • 6 The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
  • 7 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
  • 8 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 9 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P301
  • 10 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Estoile
  • 11 A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P77
  • 12 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
  • 13 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
  • 14 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
  • 15 A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
  • 16 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60
  • 17 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40
  • 18 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22
  • 19 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49