Claus Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Claus Family Coat of Arms

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Claus Coat of Arms Meaning

Claus Name Origin & History

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Claus Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Claus blazon are the lion, sword and cross pattee. The four main tinctures (colors) are ermine, azure, gules and or.

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.11Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172 13Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63 14Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 15A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 16The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60, a sentiment echoed equally today.

Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms 17Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 89. Indeed, the sheer variety of different swords 18A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P302 can be bewildering and expaining the difference between a scimitar and a falchion is perhaps best left to the expert! If a charge is described just as a simple sword then it will have a straight blade and cross handle, that may be of a different colour, and, unless specified, points upwards. Wade, quoting the earlier writer Guillim, signifies the use of the sword as representing “Government and Justice”.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 19Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 20Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67, or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross 21A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128. The cross pattee is typical of these, pattee meaning “spreading”, and so the ends of the arms of the cross curve gently outwards to rather pleasing effect. 22A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Pattée

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Claus Name

Claus Origin:

German

Origin of Claus:

One of the most popular of all surnames of Germanic origins, and is listed in some fifty spelling variations from Klaus, Kloss, and Koilas, to Kollatsch, Kulik, and Clausen. It is a shortened nickname. It acquires from the old Greek name “Nikolaos,” which as a surname is probably even more famous than Klaus. Either way, the name means “The conquering people,” a written subject matter which undoubtedly contributes to its considerable fame. The Great Crusades to Jerusalem, which was to free the Holy Land from the Saracens, in the 11th and 12th century, lead to popularize the Klaus surname and its variations even more. It was the in style of the returning crusaders and pilgrims to name their offspring by previous religious or Judaist names, or names relating to Ancient Greece. It was from Greece that most of the crusades started. There were twelve in all, and none were successful, but it did not end the popularity for the names. With this name, the earliest of all documentations appeared in German charters and records of the medieval times. These contain examples like Henricus Claus of Eblingen in the year 1323, Wolframus Klusner of Goddelau in the year 1398, and Tobias Clausnitzer of Thun, named there in 1619. The previous all recordings may be that of Uzo Claus of Eblingen, Germany, in the documents of that city for the year 1294.

Variations:

More common variations of this surname are: Clauss, Clause, Clausi, Clauws, Clauhs, Clauso, Clausa, Clauas, Cleaus, Clausy.

England:

The surname Claus first appeared in Bavaria, where the family donated chiefly to the advancement of an emerging nation and after that play a major role in the political conflicts of the country. The family was divided into many houses, many of which acquired lands and castles all over the surrounding areas, where they played important roles in the social and political parts of the different areas.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Claus settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in 18th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Claus who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Frederick Claus, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733. Matheis Claus, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1739. Conrath Claus, who came to Pennsylvania in 1748. Christina Claus who settled in America in 1750. Johann Jost Claus, who landed in America in 1750-1753.

Some of the people with the name Claus who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Joh Joseph Claus, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804. Joh Gerh Claus and Adam Claus, both arrived in America in the same year in 1834. Frederick Claus, who arrived in Missouri in 1840. Valentine Claus at the age of 28 came to Missouri in 1845.

Canada:

Some of the people with the name Claus who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Col. Daniel Claus U.E. who came to Home region, [Niagara], Lincoln Division, Ontario near the year 1783. Mr. Gasper Claus U.E. who arrived in Prince Edward division, Ontario c. 1783. Mr. John Claus U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783. Capt. William Claus U.E. who arrived in Cornwall, Ontario about the year 1783. Mr. William Claus U.E. who arrived in Canada in the year 1783.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Claus: United States 4,606; Belgium 4,053; Brazil 2,464; France 1,727, Philippines 1,289; Netherlands 1,116; Argentina 896; Canada 538; Switzerland 351.

Notable People:

Carl Friedrich Claus (1827-1900), was an outstanding chemist.

Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus (1835–1899), was a biologist.

Daniel Claus (1727-1787), was an administrator of Indian settlements and a soldier during the American Revolution.

Emile Claus (1849–1924), was a Belgian painter and creator of the Luminism style of expressive painting.

Hildrun Claus (born 1939), was an old German sportsman.

Hugo Claus (1929–2008), was a Flemish novel writer, poet, composer, painter and film producer.

Karl Ernst Claus or Carl Ernst Claus (1796–1864), was a Livonian chemist and biologist, inventor of the element ruthenium.

Roland Claus (born 1954), is a German politician.

Jonathan Claus (born 1987), is an operator from Sigtuna/Bromma Sweden.

Claus Family Gift Ideas

Browse Claus family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Notes: None. Blazon: Azure a chief ermine. Crest—On the point of a sword in pale a cross pattee.
2) Notes: Hollande Blazon: De sable à un écusson d'or en abîme ch d'un lion de gueules.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
4. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
6. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
11. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
13. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
14. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
15. A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
16. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60
17. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 89
18. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P302
19. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
20. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67
21. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P128
22. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Pattée