Clotworthy Coat of Arms

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Clotworthy, co. Devon. Visit. 1620.) Az. a chev. erm. betw. three chaplets or. Crest—A stag's head erased sa. attired and charged on the neck with two mullets in pale ar. pierced through the neck with an arrow or, feather and head of the second, vulned gu.
2) (Ireland). Same Arms. Crest—A boar pass. or.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Clotworthy Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Clotworthy Origin:

England

Origins of Clotworthy:

Listed as Clatworthy and Clotworthy, this is an English surname. It is locational from the village of Clatworthy near the town of Wiveliscombe, in the division of Somerset. Listed as Clateurde in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 as Clatewurth in the Fines Court Rolls of that district in 1127, and as Clatewurthy in the Assize Court Rolls of 1243, the origin is from the pre 7th-century word “clate.” It explained a rough, bristly plant, and “worth,” an area cleared for agriculture, so, “The farm where clate grew.” Locational surnames developed when old residents of a place moved somewhere else and were best recognized by the name of their mother town. This surname was first noted in the early part of the 14th Century, and early recordings from surviving church recordings contain the christening of Chenybryan Clothworthey in December 1546, at St. Margaret’s Westminster, and the christening of Anne Clatworthey in July 1587, at St. Botolph without Aldgate in the City of London. An early immigrant in the New World colonies was Mathew Clatworthy, aged twenty-five. He moved from the Port of London on the ship “Assurance” in July 1635, bound for Virginia.

Variations:

More common variations are: Clotworth, Clottworthy, Clatworthy, Cletworthy, Cletworthy, Clotwarthy, Clatworthey, Cluteworthy, Clatworth, Cladworth, Culdworth.

England:

The surname Clotworthy first appeared in Somerset, at Clatworthy, a hamlet and a local church in the West Somerset District which records back to the Domesday Book of 1086 when it first noted as Clateurde. By 1243, the place name had acquired to Clatewurthy, and the place name means “hamlet where burdock grows.”

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of John Clateworthy, dated about 1327, in the “Pipe Rolls of Somerset.” It was during the time of King King Edward III who was known to be the “The Father of the English Navy,” dated 1327 – 1377. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Clotworthy had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Some of the people with the name Clotworthy who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included John B Clotworthy, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1866.

New-Zealand:

Some of the population with the surname Clotworthy who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Mathias Clotworthy, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Bebington” in 1872. Margaret Clotworthy arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Bebington” in 1872.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Clotworthy: United States 173; England 140; New Zealand 111; Australia 28; Canada 12; Northern Ireland 2; Scotland 2; China 2; Brazil 1; Isle of Man 1.

Notable People:

Robert Lynn “Bob” Clotworthy (born May 1931) is an old diver from the United States who served his native country at two consecutive Summer Olympics, starting in 1952.

Clotworthy Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Clotworthy blazon are the chaplet and chevron. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, azure and argent .

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

Laurel appears in several forms in heraldry, beginning with the whole bush. through branches, sprigs and leaves. Wade, the noted heraldic author, reckons that the leaves represent “tokens of peace and quietness”, whilst branches, especially in pairs are in memory of some great triumph. 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P125. The other major appearance of the laurel is in the form of the laurel wreath, also known as a chaplet. 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Laurel. This was worn as a token of victory by Roman emporers, and Wade futher suggests that a similar purpose is adopted in heraldic art.

The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 10A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.11The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
8. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P125.
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Laurel
10. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)
11. The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45