Cryer Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Cryer Family Coat of Arms

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Cryer Coat of Arms Meaning

Cryer Name Origin & History

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Cryer Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Cryer blazon are the chevronels, annulets and canton. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.

Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

Readers may already be aware of the chevron, the large inverted ‘V’ shape that extends across the whole shield but may be new to its smaller cousin the chevronel. This can equally cover the whole width but is at least half the width of the chevron, if not narrower. 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Chevronel There can be multiple chevronels present, normally these are stacked vertically, but there is a very striking variant whereby the chevronels are said to be interlaced, in which case they are side-by-side, overlapping and intertwined, creating a very striking effect 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P124. In common with its larger relative, Wade associates the chevronel with the idea of “Protection…and a reward to one who has achieved a notable enterprise” 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims. 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P19

“The canton stands very high among honourable bearings”, according to Wade, a noted symbologist 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P48. The canton is a square shape, normally occupying the dexter chief of the shield. An early example is SUTTON, Bishop of Lincoln in the 13th century, who bore “argent a canton sable”. It occupies less space than a quarter and hence is sometimes added to an existing shield to difference branches of the same family, or, when a charge is added to it, to indicate some honour has been recieved 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Canton. Wade remarks, that, in common with all square features can be associated with the virtue of“constancy”.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Cryer Name

Cryer Origin:

England

Origins of Cryer:

This very unusual and interesting name is of ancient French origin, brought into England by the Normans after the invasion of 1066. Cryer, and its different spellings like Crier, is a professional surname for a town informer, adviser or announcer, one who worked to make the public news or messages in a noisy voice. It was frequently a post made by the judge of the civil court. The name acquires from the ancient French and Middle English word “criere” the nominative of “crieur,” which means an announcer or informer, an acquired form of the verb “crier,” which means to cry in a noisy voice, from the Latin word “Quiritate.” The evolution of the surname contains the following examples like Robert le Crieur in 1269 in Northumberland, Johanna Cryour in the year 1379 in Yorkshire, and Alicia Crioure in the year 1379 in ibid. During the documentations of the name in London is that of the wedding of John Cryer and Mary Stermore, at St. James’s, Duke’s Place, in November 1679

Variations:

More common variations are: Caryer, Curyer, Croyer, Coryer, Cruyer, Creyer, Crayer, Cryerr, Criyer, Crer.

England:

The origins of the surname Cryer found in Worcestershire where people held a family seat from early times.

The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Geoffrey le Criur, dated about 1221, in the “Hertfordshire Curia Rolls.” It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Cryer had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Cryer settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th and 20th. Some of the people with the name Cryer who settled in the United States in the 17th century included William Cryer arrived in Maryland in the year 1722. Jane Cryer came to America in the year 1755.

The following century saw much more Cryer surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Cryer who settled in the United States in the 20th century included John Archie Raymond Cryer landed in Alabama in the year 1921.

Australia:

Some of the people with the surname Cryer who settled in Australia in the 19th century included James Cryer at the age of 18, who was a worker landed in South Australia in the year 1860 aboard the ship “Grand Trianon.”

Here is the population distribution of the last name Cryer: United States 3,808; England 1,952; Australia 420; Canada 298; South Africa 274; Scotland 46; Wales 226; Germany 134; New-Zealand 189; Spain 16.

Notable People:

Ann Cryer JP was born in the year 1939. He was a British Labour Party leader, a representative of Parliament for Keighley from the year 1997 to 2010.

Barry Cryer OBE (born 1935), is a British author, entertainer, and cartoonist. He was born in the year 1935.

Bob Cryer, known as Bob Cryer (1934–1994), was a congressman in the United Kingdom and creator of the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway.

David Cryer (born 1936), is a veteran American stage, television movie performer, and musician.

George E. Cryer (1875–1961), was an American advocate and leader.

Gretchen Cryer (born 1935), is an American scripture, composer, and actress. She was born in the year 1935.

John Cryer (born 1964), is an English Labour Party leader, a representative of Parliament for Leyton and Wanstead since 2010.

Jon Cryer (born 1965), is an American actor, composer and film director.

Max Cryer MBE is a New Zealand television director, announcer, entertainment producer, musician, cabaret artist, and writer.

Sherwood Cryer (1927–2009), was a businessperson, who lived in Texas. He obtained popularity as the holder and operator of the country-western nightclub Gilley’s, an outstanding honky-tonk that was the central setting of the 1980 movie Urban Cowboy showing John Travolta.

Suzanne Cryer (born 1967), is an American actress, famous for her character as Ashley on the ABC sitcom Two Guys and a Girl.

Cryer Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Notes: None. Blazon: Or, two chevronels gu. on a canton of the last three annulets ar.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Chevronel
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P124
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
11. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P19
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P48
13. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Canton