Origin, Meaning, Family History and Denny Coat of Arms and Family Crest
The name Denny is thought to have derived from one of three sources. The first states the name or any variation of its spelling came to Britain by way of France. French soldiers returning from the Crusades in the Holy Lands are thought to have imported the given names “Dennis” or “Denis” upon their return. The names “Dennis” or “Denis” are Greek and are derived from the Greek god’s name Dionysus. The second source of origin states the name or any one of the variation of its spelling is Scottish in origin. The name is said to have derived from the Scottish town called Denny which. In this context the name would be considered topographical as it is used to describe the location where someone lived. The third states the name or any one of the variation of its spelling is said to be Anglo-Saxon in origin, having derived from the town in Cambridgeshire called Denry. The name comes from the medieval English word Dene which translates to “valley”. In this context the name would be topographical as it could be used to describe the location where someone lived
Surnames in Britain prior to the Norman conquest were largely unheard of. In the small settlements and villages which existed during earlier times, residents found little need for surnames as everyone in these communities new each other and a given name would usually suffice. However, with the passage of time, population growth and expansions of communities as villages gave way to towns and cities, it became necessary to add a qualifier to a people’s names to distinguish them, one from another. Therefore one person may have been identified by their given name plus their occupation while another may have been identified by their given name and one of their parent’s names. The introduction of surnames by the Norman aristocracy after the invasion seemed to be the next logical step in this evolution. There was a boundless supply from which surnames could be formed, in addition to the use of patriarchal/matriarchal names or reference to the individuals occupation, there were things such as defining physical traits, a familiar geographical location or a topographical landmark found near the individuals home or birthplace, the name of the village in which the person lived, and so much more. Soon, surnames would come not just to represent an individual but whole families.
There often exists variations in spelling of many surnames, as with many given names which date back to the early centuries. The variation in spelling of both given and surnames during this time period can be attributed to a lack of continuity regarding guidelines for spelling which was compounded by the diversity of languages in use in European countries at this time. The variations in the spelling of the surname Denny include but not limited to; Denny; Dennie; Denie; Denney; Deanney; and Denye among others.
The earliest record of any variation of this surname is that of Johannes Denny which appears in the Yorkshire tax rolls from 1379. These rolls, were a series of census and tax records kept by the English Treasury by order of King Richard II, with the oldest dating back to the 12th century. They hold the distinction of being the oldest consecutive set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom. These records span a period of over seven centuries and have proven invaluable to researches over the years.
The first recorded immigrant to America bearing the surname or any variation of the spelling was Mary Denny who arrived in 1635 and settled in Massachusetts. Edward Denny landed and settled in New England in 1637 and John and Jane Denny arrived and settled in Virginia in 1657.
There were also many immigrants to the British Commonwealth countries of Canada, Canada, and Australia bearing the surname Denny. Charles Denny landed in 1834 and settled in St. John, Canada. Elizabeth Denny landed and settled in Adelaide, Australia in 1849 and Julia Denny landed in 1874 and settled in Wellington. New Zealand.
Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Denny are found in Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States, New Zealand, and Ireland. By state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Denny live in Indiana and North Carolina.
There are many persons of note who bear the surname Denny. One such person is Sir Anthony Denny. He was one of King Henry VIII’ s closest most trusted companions and advisers. He was considered part of the Royal Household, was the most prominent member of the King’s advisers, and was the person who attended the King in his final days.
Denny Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Denny blazon are the cross pattee, saltire and ear of wheat. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, argent and gules .
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross pattee is typical of these, pattee meaning “spreading”, and so the ends of the arms of the cross curve gently outwards to rather pleasing effect.
The saltire is one the major ordinaries, large charges that occupy the whole of the field . Arguably one of the best uses of this device is that of the St. Andrews Cross, a white saltire on a blue background found on the Scottish flag. The saltire is obviously closely related to the Cross, and Wade in his work on Heraldic Symbology suggests additionally that it alludes to “Resolution”, whilst Guillim, an even more ancient writer, somewhat fancifully argues that it is awarded to those who have succesfully scaled the walls of towns!
Many items found in the natural world occur in coats of arms, including many plants that people of the middle ages would be familiar with. Several varities of bush and small plants frequently found in the hedgerows beside fields can be observed , in addition to the famous thistle of Scotland . The ear of wheat is a an example of such a plant, instantly recognisable to those in the mediaeval period and still a proud symbol today.