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Duly Coat of Arms Meaning

The main device (symbol) in the Duly blazon is the chevron engrailed. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and or.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 1. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 2.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.3. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 4. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.5.

The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries, being in the form of an inverted ‘v’ shape 6. It is a popular feature, visually very striking and hence developed to have various decorative edges applied to distinguish otherwise identical coats of arms. The edge pattern engrailed is a series of scalloped indentations with the points facing outwards – and should not be confused with invected, which has the points facing inwards! Wade believes that both of these indented forms represent “earth or land”, and one perhaps can indeed see the furrowed earth embodied in them.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Duly Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Duly Origin:

England, France

Origins of Duly:

It is a good Norman Invasion name brought at the 1066 Invasion of which at least eleven optional spellings exist. It is a French locational name which derives from one of the five hamlets called Ovillys in Calvados, Normandy, although the first attackers were from Ovilly le Basset or Ovilly le Vicomte. Locational surnames formed when old residents of a place shifted to another area, usually to search for work, and were best recognized by the name of their birthplace. The name advancement contains Robert Oilgi, also in the Domesday Book, Henri de Olli (1135, Oxford), Henry de Oly (1212, Oxford), Reginald Duly (1297, Yorkshire), John Dolye (1272, Staffordshire), Robert de Doley (Oxfordshire, 1279) and Robert de Oylly (1378, Oxfordshire).


More common variations are: Duley, Dully, Douly, Dualy, Dulay, Dauly, Dulya, Dhuly, Duely, Duluy.


The surname Duly first appeared in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Estate. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having controlled over King Harold, given most of Britain to his many successful Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a priest, with 60 or more Lordships spread all over the country. These he then gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They picked the Norman system of surnames which recognized the under-tenant with his holdings so as to recognize him from the senior stem of the family. After many revolutionary wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a poll of all England to decide in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert de Oileio, dated about 1086, in the "Domesday Book," Oxfordshire. It was during the time of King William I who was known to be the “The Conqueror," dated 1066 - 1086. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Duły is a hamlet in the administrative district of Gmina Olecko.


Many of the people with surname Duly had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Duly landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Duly who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Duly, who arrived in Maryland in 1656.

The following century saw more Duly surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Duly who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Henrietta Duly, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1816. Micheal Duly, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County. Pennsylvania in 1856.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Duly: England 242; United States 221; India 180; Indonesia 44; Australia 41; Singapore 18; Canada 12; New Zealand 9; Zimbabwe 8; Spain 3.

Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Az. a chev. engr. on the outer side or, voided of the field.

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  • 1 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
  • 2 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 3 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
  • 4 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
  • 5 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 6 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Chevron