Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Ar. a lion’s head erased gu. Crest—A lion’s head collared or.
Ar. a lion’s head erased gu. Crest—A lion’s head collared or.
This uncommon and interesting name is a dialectual alternative of a name of German origin, ‘Dung.’ It is either a geographical name for a person who resided on a piece of developed dry land in marshy surroundings or a geographical name from any of the different places named with the grammarian term for such a piece of land. Alternatively, this name is considered to be a metonymic form of Duncan or Dunkane and acquired from the Gaelic, ‘Domchad,’ or the pre 10th Century, which means ‘brown fighter.’ The name was important at the end of the 17th Century and 18th Century, George Montague Dunk being Champion of Halifax and creator of Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749.
More common variations are: Dunka, Dunko, Duenk, Dunik, Dunck, Dunke, Deunk, Dunak, Dunky, Dunek.
The surname Dunk first appeared in Berkshire at Little Wittenham, a church, in the union of Wallingford, hundred of Ock. The parish contains memorials to the Dunche family. Sinodun Hill, in the neighborhood, is enclosed by an old intrenchment thought to be British.”
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Willelmus Dunecan, dated about 1135, in the “The Land of Rosin Charter.” It was during the time of King David I, dated 1124 – 1135. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Dunk had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Individuals with the surname Dunk landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Dunk who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Edward Dunk, who settled in New England in 1748.
The following century saw much more Dunk surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Dunk who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Charles, David, Henry, Robert, and William Dunk, who all arrived in Philadelphia between 1850 and 1860.
Some of the individuals with the surname Dunk who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Thomas Dunk arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Harpley” in the year 1848. Mary Dunk also arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Harpley” in the same year 1848. Charlotte Dunk arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Harpley” in 1848. John Palmer Dunk and Alfred Dunk, both arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Harpley” in the same year 1848.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Dunk: England 1,490; United States 1,234; Australia 728; Canada 581; Netherlands 230; South Africa 183; Germany 134; Jamaica 107; Scotland 105; Brazil 95.
Ben Robert Dunk was born in March 1987 in Innisfail, Queensland. He is an Australian professional cricket player. After playing for the Queensland Bulls, he is now settled to the Tasmanian Tigers in the Australian interstate cricket as a left-handed batsman. He can also play as a wicket-keeper. He has been employed for 2014 by the Mumbai Indians and will be playing in the Indian Premier League. He made his Twenty International appearance for Australia against South Africa in November 2014.
William Edgar Dunk was born in December 1938. He is an Australian professional golf player. He is known as one of the greatest putters in Australian golf. He was drafted as a lifetime member of the Australasian Tour in 1996.
Chris Dunk was born in January 1958, in San Francisco, California. He is a professional tennis player from the United States.
Lewis Carl Dunk was born in November 1991. He is an English professional football player who plays for Brighton & Hove Albion as a defender.
Harrison Charles Dunk was born in October 1990. He is an English football player who plays for Cambridge United as a left back or left winger.
The main device (symbol) in the Dunk blazon is the lion’s head. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 The head of the lion also appears alone on many coats of arms, but its use in this form is largely to enable a clear difference from similar arms that use the complete animal, and its significance should be taken to be the same as the lion entire, being a symbol of “deathless courage”. 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P59
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|2.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52|
|3.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154|
|4.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|5.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|6.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64|
|7.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P59|