Dyer Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Dyer Family Coat of Arms

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Dyer Coat of Arms Meaning

Dyer Name Origin & History

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Dyer Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Dyer blazon are the mullet and goat. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 8A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.

In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? Nevertheless, real animals 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P191 are perhaps one of the most common sights on coats of arms, especially animals of European origin. The goat Is a typical example of these. Guillim, writing in the 17th century suggested that it may represent a “martial man who wins victory by…policy [rather] than valour”, a diplomat by any other name. 11A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P119

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Dyer Name

Dyer Origin:

England, Ireland

Origins of Name:

The surname of Dyer comes from the medieval ages in England, and comes from an occupational name for someone who works as a dyer of cloth. The surname of Dyer derives from the pre 7th Century Old English word, “dyer” which came from “deagere” or “deag” both of which translate to mean dye, or one who dyes. A dyer was an occupation of someone who changed the color of an object, perhaps a piece of clothing, someone’s hair, or even someone’s skin, by the application of a dye. A dye is a staining or coloring substance, which can be natural or man-made.

Variations:

More common variations are:

Daayer, Duyer, Duyyer, Dwyer, DayerDeyer, Dywer, Doyyer, Doyer, Dyerr, Hdyer, Diyer, Dyera, Dyeerr

History:

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Dyer appeared in the book entitled the Middle English Surnames of Somerset which was dated with the year 1260. The person who was recorded with this surname was one named Henry le Deghar, and who was recorded under the reign of King Henry III, who was commonly referred to throughout history as “The Frenchman” and ruled from the year 1216 to the year 1272. Other recordings of this surname included Robert le Deyare, who was registered in the 1275 Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire, Alexander Dyghere, who was recorded in the 1296 Subsidy Rolls of Sussex, and Henry le Dyer who was noted in he 1327 Subsidy Rolls of Derbyshire. Through Church records and documents, it is known that Bryan Dyer and Wenefrid Ketton were married on June 3, in the year 1583 in Enfield London, while Thomas Dyer married Margaret Gibson in the year 1593 in London. In England, those who bear the surname of Dyer are often found in the counties of Somerset, Devon, Cornwell, Hampshire, Surrey, Essex, Yorkshire, Lancashire, and the city of London.

Scotland:

Those who carry the surname of Dyer in Scotland are found throughout the country. The counties with the highest concentration of people who bear this surname are all around the central region, especially in Lanarkshire.

United States of America:

During the 17th Century, people from Europe began to migrate to the Untitled States of America in search of a better life that afforded them more freedoms. The United States of America, which was at that time referred to as the New World and the Colonies, promised these freedoms, such as freedom from religious persecution, the promise of no taxation, and the promise of better conditions. The first person who was recorded to bear the surname of Dyer was Mary Dyer, who was an English-born American Quaker, who arrived in the United States in the 17th Century, and was eventually arrested and hanged for the crime of being a Quaker in Massachusetts. It is possible that others who bore this surname tried to make the journey to the New World, but because of the living conditions on the transport ships, was not able to complete the journey to the United States of America. Those who bear this surname of Dyer are often found in the areas of Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Maine, New York, the state of New Jersey, Texas, Washington, and California,.

Dyer Today:

United States 57, 143

England 15,563

Australia 5,273

South Africa 3, 945

Canada 3,640

Jamaica 2,052

Wales 1,580

New Zealand 1,534

Kenya 1,177

Scotland 1,076

Notable People:

Wayne Walter Dyer (1940-2015) who was an American self-help author and motivational public speaker that was best known for his book Your Erroneous Zones which was published in the year 1976, and sold over 35 million copies worldwide

James Michael Mark Dyer (1930-2014) who was an American Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Bethlehem from the year 1982 to the year 1995

Mr. Robert Dyer, who was an American 2nd Class Passenger who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking of the vessel

Captain Jesse Farley Dyer (1877-1955) who was an American Medal of Honor recipient

Eliphalet Dyer (1721-1807) who was an American jurist

Mike Dyer (born in 1966) who was an American Major League Baseball player

John Hugh “Buddy” Dyer (born in 1958) who was a Florida State Senator and the Mayor of Orlando

Mr. John Dyer (died in 1915) who was an English Trimmer from England who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking

Mr. William Dyer (died in 1912) who was an English Saloon Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died as it

Dyer Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Tottenham, co. Middlesex, bart.). Motto—Terrere nolo, timere nescio. (Alpington, co. Devon, formerly of Wincanston and Roundhill, co. Somerset). (Marylebone Park, co. Middlesex). Or, a chief indented gu. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a goat's head ar. armed of the first.
2) (co. Hereford). Per chev. crenellee gu. and or, three mullets counterchanged.
3) (Aldebury, co. Hertford, and Stoughton, co. Huntingdon; granted by Dethick, Garter, 1575). Sa. three goats pass. ar. attired or. Crest—A goat’s head erased ar. holding in the mouth a pansy ppr. stalked and leaved vert.
4) (William Matthew Thiselton Dyer, Esq., of Great Russell Street). Sa. a fesse engr. or, betw. three goats pass. ar. Crest—A Saracen's head in profile ppr. on the head a cap or, verged round the temples chequy ar. and az.
5) Per chev. ar. and or, on a chev. vert. betw. two mullets in chief gu. and a portcullis in base sa. three pigeons ppr. Crest—Out of a crown vallery or, a goat’s head sa. armed and gorged with a collar gemel gold.
6) (William Andrew Dyer, Esq., of London, representative of the Russells, of Fordham Abbey, co. Cambridge, and descended from Oliver Cromwell). Motto—Che sara sara. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ar. a saltire az. betw. four lions ramp. gu., for Dyer; 2nd and 3rd, ar. a lion ramp. gu. on a chief sa. three roses of the first, for Russell. Crest—A demi lion ramp. gu. langued and armed az.
7) (Malberow, co. Devon. Visit. 1620). Or, a chief indented gu. a mullet for diff. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a goat’s head sa. armed of the first, on the neck a mullet for diff.

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References   [ + ]

1. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
2. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
7. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
8. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P191
11. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P119