Origin, Meaning, Family History and English Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Name:
The surname of English is derived from the Old English pre 7th Century word “Englisc” which literally translates to mean English. This surname was originally given to differentiate an Angle from a Saxon. The term Anglo-Saxon derives from the Angles and the Saxons, who were both West German people who invaded England in the 5th Century and the 6th Century, both A.D. The Scottish form of this surname is “Inglis” which denotes an Englishman as opposed to someone who boarders Scotland, while the form “English” actually referred to an Englishman living in the the area of Strathclyde. On the border of Wales, in the Welsh counties, the term “English” was given to and Englishman who lived in a community that was mostly Welsh citizens, as opposed to English citizens, thus denoting this particular person from the rest of the community. In the Middle Ages, it was said that this term was used to describe an Anglo-Saxon individual who resided in areas that were predominately populated by other cultures. A
More common variations are:
Ennglish, Aenglish, Englishoe, Inglish, Englishe, Oenglish, Engliesh, Einglish, Englissh
The surname of English was first recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Herefordshire in the year 1171. One Gilbertus Anglicus was named and recorded in this document, which was created and decreed under the rule of King Henry II, who was known as and commonly referred to as “The Builder of Churches” throughout history and ruled from the year 1154 to the year 1189. Other mentions of this surname of English can be found throughout history to denote culture. In the year 1560, Friswide English married Thomas Sheppard at St. Mary Magdalene in Bermondsey, London, while William English, who was the son of Alexander English was christened on September 7, in the year 1567 at the same church. Those who bear the surname of English covers all of the country of England, and carries over into the country of Wales. Those who bear this surname of English are found in higher concentrations in the counties of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Northumberland, Durham, and the City of London.
The surname of English is largely found in the counties of Ayrshire, Lanarkshire, Midlothian, Renfrewshire, and Stirlingshire.
United States of America:
During the 17th Century, there was a large migration from European countries to the United States of America, which at that time was referred to as The Colonies, or the New World. These settlers were seeking out a better life for them and their families, and America promised freedom from religious persecution, a life without an overarching ruler, and better living conditions. This migration was referred to as The Great Migration, and is also referred to as The European Migration. The first person who was recorded to bear the surname of English was one Thomas English, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts aboard the Mayflower in the year 1620. Thomas English was not only among the first people to bear this surname in America, he was also one of the first settlers to land in this new world. Those who bear the surname of English that live in the United States of America can be found in New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Michigan, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Georgia, Ohio, Illinois, Texas, Alabama, and the state of New Jersey.
United States 52,678
South Africa 2,667
Papua New Guinea 2,491
Joe English (born in 1949) who was an American musician, and former drummer for the famous band Wings, who had Paul McCartney as lead vocals.
CariDee English (born in 1985) who was an American fashion model
Brigadier-General Paul Xavier English (1888-1964) who was an American Assistant Chief of Staff in the 7th Service Command from the year 1944 to the year 1946
James Edward English (1812-1890) who was an American statesman, and was the Governor of Connecticut and a United States Senator
William Hayden English (1822-1896) who was an America Democratic politician, and a Representative from the state of Indiana from the year 1853 to the year 1861
Thomas Dunn English (1819-1902) who was an American physician
Mr. Michael English, who was an English fireman from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking of the vessel
John Cogal “Jack” English (1886-1953) who was an English footballer and manager from Hebburn, County Durham
Jonathan James “Jon” English (1949-2016) who was an English-born, Australian singer, songwriter, musician, and actor that won the Mo Award four times.
English Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the English blazon are the bend, lion passant and covered cup. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, ermine and sable .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right . Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). . The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank .
There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms . The lion passant is an example of these modified form, showing the creature on all fours, as if walking proudly. In common with all reprensentations of the lion it can be taken to be an “emblem of deathless courage”.
Cups of all kinds have been popular charges on coats of arms since at least the 14th century. In appearance and description they range from simple drinking pots (GERIARE of Lincoln – Argent three drinking pots sable) to covered cups, more like chalices in appearance. . These were borne by the BUTLER family in reference to their name and Wade suggests that their appearance may also refer to holy communinion within the church.