Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Errington Name
Origins of Errington:
This surname is of mixed British and Anglo-Saxon origin and is a geographical name from a place thus called, located on the river Erring in Northumberland. The river name is British (pre-Roman) and associated with the Welsh “arian,” which means silvery, shiny, and “ton” acquires from the Olde English pre 7th Century “tun,” which means enclosure, hamlet. So, the whole meanings of the name are “Hamlet on the shiny water source.” Geographical names were formerly given to the king of the palace, or as a source of recognition to those who departed from their place of origin to settle to another place. Regional and provincial differences consequently formed many changes on the real spelling of the name, and in 16th Century Parish Records of Yorkshire and Northumberland, the surname appeared as Haryngton, Herrington, Erington and Errington. In August 1573, Elynor Errington, a new-born baby, named in St. Nicholas Parish, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, Northumberland. A remarkable name ancestor was John Edward Errington (1806 – 1862), a civil engineer, who built refuge works in Greenock (1841), and brought forward the entire system of railways from Lancaster to Inverness.
More common variations are: Yerrington, Erringtonn, Earrington, Erington, Yearrington, Arrington, Earington, Yerington, Orrington
The surname Errington first appeared in Northumberland where they held a family seat from very old times. Some say well before the Norman Invasion and the coming of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Ellen Haryngton, dated about 1510, in the “Birth Registers of York City,” Yorkshire. It was during the time of King Henry VIII who was known to be the “Bluff King Hal,” dated 1509 – 1547. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Errington had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Errington landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Errington who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Abraham Errington who settled in Charleston Massachusetts in 1630. Thomas Errington settled in Salem Massachusetts in 1635. Richard Errington settled in Virginia in 1642. Richard Errington, who arrived in Virginia in 1642. Thomas Errington, who landed in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1642.
The following century saw much more Errington surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Errington who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included James Errington, who landed in Salem, Massachusetts in 1768.
Some of the individuals with the surname Errington who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Thomas Errington arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship “Omega.” Margaret Errington arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship “Reliance.” William Errington, a British Prisoner from Gibraltar, who shifted aboard the “Aboukir” in December 1851, settling in Van Diemen‘s Land, Australia. Joseph Errington arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship “Lady Ann.”
Some of the population with the surname Errington who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included John Errington landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Errington: England 2,753; United States 1,040; Australia 680; South Africa 420; Canada 293; Germany 134; Scotland 118; New Zealand 80; Wales 45; Singapore 24
Sir Eric Errington, 1st Baronet (1900–1973), was a British advocate and Conservative Party leader.
Frank R. Errington (1890–1958), was a British diver who played in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
George Errington (bishop) (1804–1886), was a Roman Catholic priest.
Sir George Errington, 1st Baronet (1839–1920), was an Irish leader and MP for Longford.
Grant Errington was an Australian Educator (born 1958), Developed the introduction of Vocational Education and Training in NSW High Schools 2002.
Errington Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Errington blazon are the escallop and bar. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and argent.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The escallopoccurs often in arms, represented as the outside of the shell, sometimes “fluted” of a different colour . It has been part of heraldic tradition almost from the beginning of the art, Henry III of England awarded Gules, 3 escallopes argent to Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE in the 13th century, and it is present in the heraldry of almost all countries . It is believed that they were adopted as badges of those going to the Holy Land and can be found in the arms of many a crusading family. Hence Wade’s suggested association of the scallop with those that “complete long journeys to far countries” .
The bar is a thin, horizontal stripe across the centre of the shield , usually in groups of two or three (any more and there would be confusion with barry, a treatment of horizontal lines of alternating colours). Bars can be a distinctive and easily recognised device, early examples include those awarded by Henry III of England to the family MAUDYT Argent, two bars gules.