Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Esmond Name
Origins of Esmond:
This interesting name acquires from the Olde English pre 7th Century particular name Eastmund, a combination of the component “East” which means “grace”, and “mund”, which means security. The name was first noted as Estmunt in the Domesday Book of 1086 for Suffolk. One, Ricardus Filius (son of) Estmund shows in the 1195 “Pipe Rolls of Essex”. The surname emerges in the early half of the 13th Century. A John Eastmunde noted in 1277, “Assize Court Rolls of Somerset” and an Alan Esmund in the 1285 “Fine Court Rolls of Essex”. In the “modern” era the name has five spelling variations as Eastman, Eastment, Astman, Esmond and Esmonde. In May 1686, Alexander Eastman, a new-born baby was named in St. Katherines by the Tower, London.
More common variations are: Esmonde, Eysmond, Ejsmond, Eismond, Essmond, Oesmond, Eysmondt, Easemond, Osmond, Ismond.
The surname Esmond first appeared in Suffolk, England, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Stephen Estmund, dated about 1227, in the “Assize Court Rolls of Buckinghamshire”. It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman”, dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Esmond had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Esmond landed in the United States in 17th century. Some of the people with the name Esmond who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Edward Esmond at the age of 24, landed in Virginia in 1684.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Esmond: United States 857; England 145; Australia 97; Canada 50; Sweden 22; Ukraine 12; Russia 8; Guyana 3; Nigeria 2; Indonesia 2.
Annie Esmond (September 1873 –January 1945) was a British film actress. She was born in Surrey, England. She made her stage appearance in pantomime in Sheffield in 1891 and after that performed on the American as well as British stage for many years before going into silent films and later talking movies.
Carl Esmond (June 1902 – December 2004) was an Austrian film and stage actor, born in Vienna, Austria. His birth name was Willy Eichberger which he later anglicised to Charles Esmond and finally to Carl Esmond. He was highly active in the Viennese genre of shallow romantic comedies. So, popular in the Austria of the interwar period. Like many of his fellow actors, Esmond fled Germany to England following the German takeover in 1938. He continued to appear on stage as well as in British and American films. He appeared in over 50 films and many television programs. He passed away in Brentwood, Los Angeles in 2004 at the age of 102.
Henry Vernon Esmond (November 1869 –April 1922) was a British actor and playwright. He was born Harry Esmond Jack in Ireland, the son of Richard George Jack, a doctor and surgeon. He started his career as an actor in London in 1889 where he had many successes in comedies. He started writing plays, usually comedies, while in his early twenties. These plays were very popular and were also highly fashionable with their themes of light-hearted romance appealing to the audience of the day. He toured with some these plays and co-starred in them with his wife, Eva Moore.
James William Esmond (April 1822 –December 1890) was an Irish-Australian gold prospector and worker and was one of the first people to discover gold in Australia.
Jill Esmond (January 1908 –July 1990) was an English stage and screen actress. She was the first wife of Laurence Olivier. She was born Jill Esmond Moore in London, the daughter of stage actors Henry V. Esmond and Eva Moore. While her parents toured with theatre companies, Esmond spent her childhood in boarding schools until she decided at the age of 14 to become an actress. She made her stage appearance playing Wendy to Gladys Cooper’s Peter Pan, but her success was short-lived. When her father died suddenly in 1922, Esmond returned to school and at the time considered abandoning her ambition to act.
Esmond Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Esmond blazon are the lion rampant and mullet. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, gules and azure .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms . The lion rampant is an example of these modified form, and any family would be proud to have such a noble creature displayed on their arms. Rampant is the default attitude of the lion, raised on its hind legs, facing to the dexter and with front paws extended in a fearsome and powerful pose.
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” . A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires . In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” .