Galloway Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History
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Galloway Surname Name Meaning, Origin, History, & Etymology
This popular Scottish last name denoted a person who lived in or was from an area in southwestern Scotland, which includes the present-day counties of Wigtown and Kircudbright, named Galloway, meaning “place of the foreign Gaels”, derived from the Gaelic words gall (foreigner) and gaidheal (Gael). Others state the Old English word weg is involved in the etymology, meaning a navigable are of the sea. Prior to the 700s AD, Galloway part of Anglican Northumbria. Around the 800s AD, the area was settled by mixed Gaelic-Norse inhabitants from the Hebrides (an archipelago off the west coast of the Scottish mainland) and the Isle of Man.
Wikipedia defines the Gaels as follows: “The Gaels are an ethnolinguistic group native to northwestern Europe. They are associated with the Gaelic languages: a branch of the Celtic languages comprising Irish, Manx and Scottish Gaelic. Historically, the ethnonyms Irish and Scots referred to the Gaels in general, but the scope of those nationalities is today more complex. Gaelic language and culture originated in Ireland, extending to Dál Riata in western Scotland. In antiquity the Gaels traded with the Roman Empire and also raided Roman Britain. In the Middle Ages, Gaelic culture became dominant throughout the rest of Scotland and the Isle of Man”.
Galloway Family Mottos
I have identified two family mottos:
2) Virescit vulnere virtus (Her virtue flourishes by her wound). The crest of this family has a pelican in her piety (pelican piercing its breast to feed its young with its own blood).
Surname Spelling variants
Spelling or names with similar etymologies include Golloway, Galliway, Gallaway, Galwey, Galway, Gallowaie, Golaway, Gillaway, and Galaway.
Early Bearers of the Galloway Surname
The first known beares of this surname was Thomas de Galwethia, Earl of Atholl, in Scotland, who made a gift of lands to the Abbey of Neubotle c. 1230 AD. Michael de Galewath was documented c. 1230 AD as well. The Hundred Rolls of 1273 AD, a census of Wales and England, known in Latin as Rotuli Hundredorum lists two bearers of this surname: Alan de Galeweya (Yorkshire and Oxfordshire) and Robert Galewey (Oxfordshire). Adam de Gallowaie was the bailiff of Newcastle in 1306 AD. Adam Galeway was documented in 1326 AD. Richard Galloway was the mayor of Newcastle in 1343 AD. Richard Galway was documented in 1367 AD. John de Galeway was the rector of Meldon in 1378 AD. The Poll Tax Rolls of Yorkshire in 1379 AD also list thee bearers: Robertus de Galway, Johannes de Galway, and Thomas Galway. In Scotland, John Galway was master of a ship belonging to Sir John of Montgomery in 1405 AD.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Galloway ranks 951st in popularity in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following five states: South Carolina (460th), North Carolina (460th), Maryland (573rd), Idaho (588th), and Mississippi (590th).
The surname Galloway frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (1,258th), Scotland (252nd), Wales (2,538th), Ireland (3,103rd) and Northern Ireland (831st).
In England, it ranks highest in East Riding of Yorkshire. In Scotland, the surname ranks highest in South Ayrshire and North Ayrshire. In Ireland, it ranks highest in Munster. In Wales, it ranks highest in Blaenau Gwent. The name is also present throughout the remainder English speaking world: Canada (1,735th), New Zealand (802nd), Australia (1,194th), and South Africa (4,708th).
Galloway Family Tree & Galloway Genealogy
Thomas Galloway of London
Thomas Galloway was born in London, Middlesex, England in 1586 AD. He married Mary Chamblin and had a son with her named Richard. Richard Galloway was born c. 1600 in Hampshire, England. He came to colonial America c. 1638. He married Elizabeth King and had two children: Richard and Hannah. He died in Anne Arundel County, Maryland in 1663. His son Richard was born in London, England in 1620 and went to Maryland in 1649. It is said he was imported by one Colonel Drew (or Due, Dew), who was once the leading Puritan figure in Virginia. He owned 22 acres of land. He married twice: Elizabeth Griffith and Hannah Elizabeth (surname not known). He had two sons: Samuel Galloway Sr. and Richard Galloway Jr. His sons are discussed as follows:
1) Samuel Galloway Sr. was born in Anne Arundel, Maryland in 1659. He married twice: Mary Webb and Ann Webb. He was the father of the following issue: John, Ann, Peter Bines, Marry, Joseph, Sarah, Agagts, Richard, and Thomas S.
2) Richard Galloway Sr. was born in West River, Anne Arundel, Maryland in 1664. He married Elizabeth Ewen, daughter of Benjamin Lawrence II. He was the father of the following issue: Richard III and Elizabeth.
Richard Galloway of Yorkshire
Richard Galloway was born in Bishop Burton, Yorkshire, England in 1648. He married Isabell Cannaby and had a son with her named Joseph. Joseph was born in the same town in England in 1684. He married Isabella Orr. He went to colonial Virginia. He had a son named Isham. Isham Galloway was born in Bedford, Virginia in 1720.He married Mary, daughter of Jonathan Croft, in 1741 in Cottingham, England. Isham had two sons: Joseph and John. His son, Captain John Galloway, was born in Bedford, Virginia in 1744. He married twice: Francis (surname not known) and Susannah Franky. He had the following issue: John William, Benjamin, Christiana, Sarah, Archibald, Zachariag, Pleasant, and Christina. He died in Henderson, Kentucky in 1808.
Sir James Galloway
Sir James Galloway, son of James Galloway Esq. and Jane Hermina (daughter of Major Volkert Willem de Villeneuve of the Netherlands Army), was born in 1862. In 1898, he married Jessie Hermina, daughter of Robert Sawers Esq. of Dunbar. He was educated at Chanonry School in Aberdeen, Scotland and Aberdeen University. He was a physician and lecturer by trade. He was a Major of the 4th London General Hospital and was a consulting physician to the 1st and 2nd Armies, B.E.F. He lived on Harley Street.
Mrs. Galloway of Annestown
Mary Jane Syhil, daughter of Major Sir William Palliser, Member of Parliament and of the 18th Hussars, and Anna Perham, succeeded her kinsman, ray Bury Palliser Esq. at Annestown in 1906. In 1908, she married Major Harold Bessemer Galoway of the 7th Battalion Seaforth Highlanders. He was of Blervie, was a Deputy Lieutenant, and a Captain Reserve of Officers who was killed in action in 1915. He had two sons, one named Ian Charles Palliser, born in 1912.
Lady Fanny Cadwallader Galley
Lady Fanny Cadwallader Galwey was the daughter of Hon. David Erskine and Anne Maria Spoke. In 1862, he married Sir Michael Henry Gallwey, the Attorney General of Natal and Chief Justice of Natal.
Major General Sir Thomas Joseph Gallwey
Major General Sir Thomas Joseph was he fourth son of Henry Gallwey Esq. of Tramore, Waterford, Ireland. He was born in 1852. In 1901, he married Maud Margaret Howard, daughter of Captain J.W.J. Gifford of the 12th Lancers. He was educated at Stonyhurst. He was the Principal Medical Officer Egyptian Army from 1892-1999 and held other posts and positions.
Marriages of Galloways
1) John Golloway married Dorothy Gorton in England in 1671
2) James Galloway married Mary Brown in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1792
3) Ann Galloway married Thomas Roberts in the United Kingdom in 1832
4) Thomas Galloway married Maria Button in Ireland in 1828
5) Edward Galloway married Ellen Bennet in Blackburn, Lancashire, England in 1774
6) John Gallaway married Margaret Callwood in Cheshire, England in 1738
7) Ralph Galliway married Martha Ainsworth in Cheshire, England in 1713
8) William Galloway married Anne Gorton in Chebacco, Essex, Massachusetts in 1718
9) William Galloway married Mahala Adkins in Floyd, Indiana in 1848
10) Robert W. Galloway married Elizabeth W. Galloway in North Carolina in 1845
11) John W. Galloway married Adelaide Louisiana Bentley in Butte, Silver Bow, Montana in 1895
12) Ruth Galloway married Timothy Sharrock in Guernsey, Ohio in 1871
Early American and New World Settlers
Some of the earliest settlers in colonial America bearing this name include:
1) Richard Galloway came to Virginia in 1638
2) Mary Galloway came to Virginia in 1646
3) Richard Galloway came to Maryland in 1649
4) Lucey Galloway came to Maryland in 1658
5) William Galloway came to Maryland in 1659
6) Christine Galloway came to Virginia in 1668
7) James Galloway came to Maryland in 1677
8) Richard Galloway came to Maryland in 1682
9) Andrew Galloway came to East New Jersey in 1683
10) William Galloway came to Maryland in 1684
11) Samuel Galloway came to Maryland in 1690
12) Henry Galloway came to North Carolina in 1693
13) John Galloway came to Georgia in 1699
14) Thomas Galloway, age 20, came to Maryland in 1719
15) Peter Galloway, age 1702, came to New York in 1702
16) John Galloway, age 22, came to New Jersey in 1736
17) Joseph Galloway came to Maryland in 1734
18) James Galloway came to Georgia in 1738
19) John Galloway, age 25, came to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1774
20) John Galloway, age 22, came to New York, New York in 1752
Several thousand members of the Galloway family came to the United States through Ellis Island, during the nineteenth century, including:
1) David Galloway came from Scotland aboard the Cambria in 1869
2) John Galloway came from Scotland aboard the Europa in 1870
3) Fegus Galloway came from Scotland aboard the Europa in 1871
4) James Galloway came from Ireland aboard the City of Berlin in 1880
5) John Galloway came from Motherwell aboard the Columbia in 1902
6) James Galloway came from England aboard the Santiago in 1893
7) Andrew Galloway came from Kirkcaldy aboard the Laurentian in 1903
8) Christina Galloway came from Edinburgh, Scotland to Columbia in 1907
9) Nellie Galloway came from Glasgow, Scotland aboard the Caledonia in 1912
10) David Ernest Galloway came from Montreal, Canada aboard the Baltic in 1908
11) Peter Galloway came from Falkirk, Scotland aboard the Baltic in 1904
12) William James Galloway came from Brighton aboard the Saint Louis in 1903
Some of the earliest settlers in Canada bearing this name include:
1) Isabel Galloway, and son Robert, age 1, came to New Brunswick in 1741
2) John Galloway, age 25, came to Manitoba in 1745
3) Daniel Galloway came to Quebec in 1765
4) George Galloway came in 1796
5) James Galloway came to Ontario n 1814
6) William Galloway, age 40, came to Ontario in 1819
Some of the earliest settlers in Australia bearing this name include:
1) William Galloway came from Middlesex, England to New South Wales aboard the Perseus, Coromandel in 1802
2) John Galloway came from Surrey, England aboard the Shipley in 1820
3) Thomas Galloway came from Surrey, England aboard the Marquess of Hastings in 1825
4) Edward Galloway came from Glasgow, Scotland aboard the Henry Tanner in 1834
5) Thomas Galloway, Esquire, came from England aboard the Isabella in 1832
6) William Galloway, Scottish, age 41, came to Melbourne aboard the Hurricane in 1854
7) Andrew Galloway, age 28, came to Victoria aboard the Clarence III in 1853
8) Alexander Galloway, age 40, came from Kennaway, Fife, Scotland to New South Wales aboard the Walter Morrice in 1849
9) Daniel Galloway, age 22, came to Brisbane, Queensland aboard the Prince Consort in 1862
10) William Galloway, came from Ayr, Scotland to Tasmania aboard the Lady Egidia in 1862
Some of the earliest settlers in New Zealand bearing this name include:
1) David Galloway, age 20, came to Greenock aboard the Bengal Merchant in 1839
1) Alex Galloway, of Cornwall, England came to Auckland aboard the Brodrick Castle in 1875
2) Agnes Galloway, of Lanark, came to Otago aboard the Invercargill in 1875
3) Robert Galloway came to Auckland aboard the Jessie Osborne in 1876
4) Malcolm Galloway came to Auckland aboard the Jessie Osborne in 1876
5) William Galloway, of Lanark, came to Otago aboard the Invercargill in 1875
6) William M. Galloway came to Auckland aboard the Oxford in 1874
7) Archibald Galloway, of Lanark, came to Otago aboard the Invercargill in 1875
There are hundreds of notable people with the Galloway surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include:
1) Sir Alexander Galloway (1895-1977) was a British Army officer and Lietenant-General who served in both World Wars, born in Minto, Scotland, known for the role he played in Operation Crusader during the Wester Desert Campaign in 1941
2) Clarence Edward Galloway (1896-1969) was a professional baseball shortstop who played in the MLB from 1919-1927 for the Philadelphia Athletics and Detroit Tigers, born in Clinton, South Carolina
3) George Galloway (1954) is a British writer, broadcaster, and politician who has served as a Member of Parliament from 1987-2015, born in Dundee, Scotland
4) Sergeant John Galloway (1843-1904) was an American soldier who served in the Civil War and received the Medal of Honor for his actions in Farmville, Virginia, where he “His regiment being surprised and nearly overwhelmed, Commissary Sergeant Galloway dashed forward under a heavy fire, reached the right of the regiment, where the danger was greatest, rallied the men and prevented a disaster that was imminent”, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
5) Andrew McLean Galloway IV (1985) is Scottish-born professional wrestler who was signed to the WWE from 2007-2014 and again in 2017, known by his ring name Drew McIntyre
6) Michael Galloway (1965) was a former professional English soccer player, born in Oswestry, who played four six different teams from 1983-1995, including the Berwick Rangers and Heart of Midlothian
7) Samuel Galloway (1811-1872) was a member of the US House of Representatives for Ohio from 1855-1857, having also previously served as the state’s Secretary of State from 1844-1850, born in Gettysburg
8) William McNaughton Galloway (1840-1895) was the mayor of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia in 1889, born in Perth, Scotland
9) Joseph Galloway (1731-1803) was an American politician who served as a delegate to the First Continental Congress from Pennsylvania who later became a Loyalist during the American Revolution, born in West River, Maryland
10) Keith Galloway (1985) is a former Australian rugby player, born in Sydney, New South Wales, who played from 2003-2011 for teams such as the Cronulla Sharks, Wests Tigers, and Leeds Rhinos
Galloway America Civil War Veterans
There were several soldiers with the last name Galloway who served in the American Civil War, including the following:
1) George M. Galloway of the 27th Regiment Michigan Infantry (Union)
2) George W. Galloway of the 72nd Regiment Illinois Infantry (Union)
3) James C. Galloway of the 30th Regiment Indiana Infantry (Union)
4) Lucius L. Galloway of the 3rd Regiment New York Infantry (Union)
5) Andrew H. Galloway of the 74th Regiment Ohio Infantry (Union)
6) Archibald Galloway of the 1st Regiment Minnesota Heavy Artillery (Union)
7) Wayne A. Galloway of the 3rd Independent Battery Wisconsin Light Artillery (Union)
8) James L. Galloway of the 7th Regiment Texas Infantry (Confederate)
9) William M. Galloway of the 11th Regiment Georgia Infantry (Confederate)
10) Charles F. Galloway of the 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
11) John B. Galloway of the 32nd Regiment Mississippi Infantry (Confederate)
12) William Galloway of the 1st Regiment Louisiana Heavy Artillery (Confederate)
13) Ebenezer S. Galloway of the 3rd Regiment Tennessee Infantry (Confederate)
14) Thomas M. Galloway of the 8th Regiment Florida Infantry (Confederate)
Galloway America Revolution Veterans
There were several soldiers with the last name Galloway who served in the Revolutionary War, including the following:
1) Private Thomas Galloway of South Carolina
2) Private Douglas Galloway of South Carolina
3) Private Gerry Galloway of Virginia
4) Private James Galloway of Virginia
5) Private John Galloway of New Jersey
6) Private Samuel Galloway of New Jersey
7) Private Terry Galloway of Virginia
8) George Galloway of Virginia
9) Corporal Joseph Galloway of Maryland
10) Private Patrick Galloway of Massachusetts
11) Private Charles Galloway
12) Private Hugh Galloway of Maryland
13) Private James Galloway of New Jersey
14) Marshale Gallowaw of Maryland
15) Quartermaster Sergeant Peter Galloway
16) Private Robert Galloway
Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Lord, Dunkeld). Ar. a lion ramp. az. Crest—A mound or, bespread with rays of the sun ppr. betw. two ears of corn in saltire and ensigned with a cross crosslet gold. Supporters—Two eagles volant ppr. Motto—Higher.
2) (Sandyhill, co. Lanark). Ar. a lion ramp. az. on a chief erm. three antique crowns of the second. Same Crest and Motto.
3) Az, a lion, rampant, ar. ducally crowned or.
4) Az. three garbs or.
5) Az. three lozenges, in chief, or.