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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Notes: (Fornham Park, co. Suffolk). Motto—Canixie secure. Blazon: Argent a chevron engrailed vert between in chief two escutcheons gules each charged with a galtrap of the field, and in base a talbot's head erased of the third. Crest—A cubit arm erect in armour proper grasping an escutcheon gules charged with a galtrap argent.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Gilstrap Coat of Arms and Family Crest

More common variations are: Gillstrap, Gilestrap, Gilsterap, Gilstrape, Gilstrapo, Gilstrp, Gilstrapoo, Gilstrop, Gilstrep, Gilstarp. The surname Gilstrap first found in Dumfriesshire and Warwickshire at Gilson, a hamlet that records back to 1232 AD.  Gilston is a hamlet near Harlow in the division of Hertfordshire.  It dates back to 1197 when it first noted as Gedelston and literally meant "farmstead or village of a man called Gedel or Gydel," from the Old English personal name and "tun." Some of the people with the surname Gilstrap who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Anna H. Gilstrap, aged 27, who settled in Dalton, Ga., in 1922.

Gilstrap Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Gilstrap blazon are the chevron, galtrap and talbot. The three main tinctures (colors) are vert, gules and argent .

The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.4. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 5. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 6, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 7. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 8.

The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 9, or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.10. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 11, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.

weapon

Many breeds of dog appear in coats of arms, reflecting their status as man’s closet companion. The talbot is a hunting dog akin to a terrier, and usually illustrated in a lifelike style and eager pose. 12 In common with the other heraldic dogs, Wade suggests that their presence should suggest “courage, vigilance and loyal fidelity”. 13 Others might say we need look no further than a pleasure in the hunt and the affection for this sturdy breed.

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References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert
  • 3 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
  • 4 The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
  • 5 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
  • 6 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 7 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 8 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 9 A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)
  • 10 The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859
  • 11 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45
  • 12 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Dog
  • 13 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P68