Origin, Meaning, Family History and Greer Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Name:
The surname of Greer was found throughout the countries of Scotland and England. It is said to have descended from the Clan MacGregor who were banished in 1603, thus forcing clan members to take new surnames, or could possibly be a locational surname for the village of “Graye” in Calvados. A locational surname means that it was often taken by the Lord or owner of the land from which the name derives. Others who may have taken a locational surname are people who have migrated out of the area to seek out work. The easiest way to identify someone who was a stranger at that time was by the name of their birthplace. Another possible derivation is from the Griersons of Lag, Dumfriesshire, who claimed Highland descent from Gilbert, second son of Malcolm who is believed to have created the Clan of Gregor in the year of 1350.
More common variations are: Grier, Grear, Gregory, Greig, Gregorson, Gregson, Grix, Griggs, Grigson, Groucock, Grewer, Greear, Greere, Greery, Greyer, Gareer, Grieer, Greera, Greuer, Greeer
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Greer was in the country of Scotland in the year of 1542. One person, by the name of Gilbert Grier was mentioned as a witness at Dumfries Court, Scotland. This witness was under the reign of one Queen Mary, who was known as and commonly referred to throughout history as the “Queen of Scots” or “Mary, Queen of Scots.” Queen Mary ruled from the year 1543 to the year 1587. Other mentions of the surname of Greer include George Grier, who was a minister of the Kirk in Aberdeen in the year 1598, while one William Grier was recorded as the heir to the lands worth forty shillings in Dalgoner in the year 1677. Those who carry the surname of Greer in Scotland live in Dumfriesshires and Lanarkshire counties.
Mentions of the surname of Greer in England include one John Grauer, who was the son of Peter Grauer, and was christened at St. Ann’s Church in Blackfriars, London in 1619, while Gilbery Griersonne was cited in 1677. Anne Grayer wed James Dowglas at St. Dunstans in the East, Stepney, in the year 1695. Those who bear the surname of Greer in England live around the city of London, and north in the county of Lancashire.
United States of America:
During the Great Migration, it was common for settlers to leave their home country in search of a better life, with religious freedom, better working conditions, and better living conditions. This time was called the Great Migration, or the European Migration. This happened during the 1600’s, and many of these settlers chose the United States of America, which at that time was referred to as the New World, or the Colonies. The first recorded person in the United States with the surname of Greer was one Jane Greer, who came to Pennsylvania in the year 1682. Those who bear this name of Greer live in the southern states of Texas, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and the state of Tennessee.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Greer:
United States 66,058, Canada 4,242, England 3,678, Australia 2,273, Northern Ireland 1,812, New Zealand 1,103, South Africa 968, Scotland 925, Germany 504, Mexico 314
Judy Greer (born in 1975) who was born with the name Judith Laura Evans, and was an American Annie Award nominated actress, who was best known for playing Kitty Sanchez on the Fox/Netflix series Arrested Development
Frank Greer (1878-1943) who was an Olympic gold medalist from America, who placed in rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games
Jane Greer (1924-2001) who was a film and television actress from America, who was most notably remembered for her role as Kathie Moffat in the 1947 film Out of the Past
James Greer, who was a novelist, screenwriter, musician, and critic from America, who was best known for his work on The Spy Next Door (2010) Max Keeble’s Big Move (2001) and Just My Luck (2006)
Jabari Amin Greer (born in 1982) who is an NFL football cornerback from America, who plays for the New Orleans Saints
Robert William “Dabbs” Greer (1917-2007) who was an actor from America, who appeared in over 300 titles, and was best known for his role as Reverend Robert Alden in NBC’s Little House on the Prairie and his role in The Green Mile (1999)
Charlie Greer (1923-1996) who was a radio personality from America in Akron, Ohio
Greer Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Greer blazon are the lion, pale, bend and anique crown. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and azure.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
The Pale is one of the major, so called ordinaries, significant objects that extend across the entire field of the shield. The pale being a broad vertical band up the centre of the shield . In origin, the word probably has its roots in the same place as palisade, a defensive wall made of closely space upright timbers. Indeed, it is possible that the original “pales” arose where a wooden shield was constructed of vertical planks painted in different hues . This is perhaps why Wade, a writer on Heraldic Symbology suggested that denotes “military strength and fortitude” .
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right . Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). . The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank .