Gaspar Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 9th Duke of Medina Sidonia (1602-1664)
Guzman Surname Name Meaning, Origin, History, & Etymology
This is an old Spanish-Visigoth last name of uncertain origin. One theory states it derives from the Visigoth words guz man, meaning “good man”, and hence developed as a nickname for a person who displayed such traits. A second theory holds that this surname derived from an old Germanic personal (first) name that was in used during medieval times. Third, some people this is a topographic surname referring to a person who lived in or was from the villages of Guzmanes in Burgos, Spain. Some spelling variants or names with similar etymologies include Gusman, Gusmao (Portuguese form), Guzaman, Guzmann, Guzzman and Guarman.
The earliest documented bearer of this surname was Rodrigo Munoz de Guzman who was documented in 1134 AD. He is considered to be the progenitor/ancestor of the noble house of Guzman and was a Castillian magnate and a tenente (tenant-in-chief) in the village of Guzman, Burgous. According to Wikipedia, a tenant-in-chief, is a person “who held his lands under various forms of feudal land tenure directly from the king or territorial prince to whom he did homage”. He married Mayor Diaz, daughter of Diego Sanchez (who died at the Battle of Ucles) and Enderquina Alvarez.
There was also a Catholic saint named Saint Dominic de Guzman (also called Dominic of Osma or Dominic of Caleruega), a Castilian priest who founded the Dominican Order, born in the Kingdom of Castile in 1170 AD.
Saint Dominic (1170-1221 AD)
The only possible Guzman family motto I have identified is Praeferre Patriam Liber Parentem Decet, which when translated from Latin to English means: “A free homeland is of greater importance than the death of a kinsman". According to this heraldry blog, “The arms of Melilla are those of the Duchy of Medina Sidonia. The motto recalls the heroic act of Duke Guzmán the Good (1255-1309) during the siege of Tarifa by Sultan Ibn Yacoub and the infamous Infant John (1294): when the besiegers announced they would kill Guzmán's son, they had captured, if the town did not surrender, Guzmán did not surrender but threw down his dagger to them”.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Guzman ranks 230th in popularity in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. This represents very strong growth, as in 1880, it ranked 21,549th. The name ranks particularly high in the following six states: California, Nevada, Texas, New York, Illinois, and New Jersey. The surname Guzman is also found in many other nations. It’s frequency/commonness ranks as follows: Mexico (36th), Colombia (58th), Philippines (58th), Dominican Republic (18th), Nicaragua (105th), Cuba (102nd), Costa Rica (87th), Guatemala (42nd), Chile (48th), Venezuela (68th), Peru (80th), Bolivia (13th), Argentina (79th), Spain (173rd), El Salvador (48th), Ecuador (111th), Honduras (103rd), Panama (173rd), Paraguay (335th), Uruguay (548th), Dominica (96th), and Belize (142nd).
Early American and New World Settlers
Other settlers in colonial America and the New World bearing this Spanish last name include: Leonor Guzmán (Hispaniola 1560), Diego Guzmán (New Granada 1561), Juan Guzman (Peru 1551), Lucía Guzmán (Nicaragua 1566), Elvira Guzman (Guatemala 1566), Pedro De Guzman (United States 1809), and Francisco De Guzman (United States 1813).
We have 3 coats of arms for the Guzman surname depicted here. These 3 blazons are from Jean Baptiste Rietstap’s book Armorial General, which was published in 1861. The bottom of this page contains the blazons, and in many instances contains some historical, geographical, and genealogical about where coat of arms was found and who bore it.
There are hundreds of notable people with the Guzman surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include: 1) Alejandra Gabriela Guzmán Pinal (1968) who was a Mexican singer-songwriter, musician, and actress from Mexico City whose pop music had sold over 20 million albums, 2) Antonio José Ramón de La Trinidad y María Guzmán Blanco (1829-1899) who was a military leader, statesman, diplomat, and President of Venezuela from 1870-1877, 3) David Alberto Guzmán Pérez (1990) who was a professional soccer player from San Jose, Costa Rica who played from 2009-2017, including a season on the Portland Timbers in the MLS, 4) Domingo Guzman (1975) who was a professional baseball player in the MLB who played from the San Diego Padres from 1999-2000, born in San Cristobal, Dominican Republic, 5) Elizabeth R. Guzmán who is a Peruvian born American political who was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 2018, 6) Fernando Guzmán Solórzano (1812-1891) who was the President of Nicaragua from 1867 to 1871, 7) Alonso Pérez de Guzmán (1256-1309 AD), also known as Guzma el Bueno, meaning Guzman the Good, who was a noble and Spanish hero during medieval times, and the founded of the lineage from which the dukes of Medina Sidonia descend*, 8) Ryan Anthony Guzman (1987) who is an American actor from Abilene, Texas who is known for his roles in the Step Up film series and the movie The Boy Next Door, 9) Don Luis Enríquez de Guzmán who was the viceroy of New Spain from 1650-1653 and viceroy of Peru from 1655-1661, and was the Marquis of Villaflor and the 9th Count of Alba de Liste, and 10) Luisa María Francisca de Guzmán y Sandoval (1613-1666) who was queen consort of Portgual from 1640-1656, the wife of King João IV of Portugal, born in Sanlucar, Spain.
*While defending the town of Tarifa in 1296 AD, legend has it that his son was offered in exchange for the surrender of the town, at which point he threw down his knife for the enemies to kill his son with.
Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares (1587-1645)
Don Luis Enríquez de Guzmán, Marquis of Villaflor and 9th Count of Alba de Liste