Hinchman Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Hinchman Family Coat of Arms

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Hinchman Coat of Arms Meaning

Hinchman Name Origin & History

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Hinchman Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Hinchman blazon are the lion and buglehorn. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 9A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60, a sentiment echoed equally today.

The hunting horn, or bugle horn has a distinctive shape, being curved almost into a semi-circle, it can be decorated with bands of a different colour and typically hangs from a string, also coloured. 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:hunting horn. Apart from its obvious reference to the pursuit of hunting, it has also been used in allusion to the name of the holderr (HUNTER of Hunterston) and Woowward suggests it is also associated with those who have rights or obligations to the forest. 12A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P400

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hinchman Name

Origins of Hinchman:
The origins of the Hinchman surname lie with the Anglo-Saxon clans of Britain.  The name Hinchman began when a person in that family worked as a groom, squire, or page.  The surname Hinchman acquired from the Old English words hengest, which means horse and mann, which means groom or servant.  The latter word derived its meaning of squire or page of honorin later times.  One relatively recent invention that did much to regulate English spelling was the printing press.  However, before its invention even the most educated people noted their names according to sound rather than spelling.  The spelling variations under which the name Hinchman has found include Henchman, Hensman, Hinxman, Hinchman, Hincksman and much more

Variations:
More common variations are: Heinchman, Hinchmann, Hinchaman, Hinchmain, Heinchmann, Henchman, Hunchman, Hinchamn, Hanchman, Hinchmon.

England:
The surname Hinchman first appeared in Northamptonshire near Seagrove, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

United States of America:
Some of the people with the name Hinchmanwho arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Thomas Hinchman, who landed in New England in 1654.  Nathaniel Hinchman, who arrived in Maryland in  the year 1665.  Edmund Hinchrnan, who arrived in New England in  the year 1668. The following century saw more Hinchman surnames arrive.  Some of the people with the surname Hinchman who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included F Hinchman, who landed in San Francisco, California in the year 1851.  T. Hinchman, who arrived in San Francisco, California in the year 1852.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Ar. a chev. betw. three buglehorns sa. stringed gu. on a chief ot the second as many lions ramp. of the first. Crest—A demi lion ramp. ar. holding a buglehorn, as in the arms.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
7. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
9. A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
10. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:hunting horn
12. A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P400