Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hitchins Name
The Hitchins name is an important part of the history of the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. Hitchins acquired from the baptismal name Richard. As the naming tradition grew in Europe baptismal names began to be introduced in many countries. More common variations are: Hitchines, Hutchins, Hitchens, Hatchins, Hotchins, Hetchins, Hytchins, Hitchons, Hitchans, Hitchnas.
The surname Hitchins first found in Hertfordshire at Hitchin, a market town and church, and the head of a union, in the hundred of Hitchin and Pirton. The place name pre-dates the Norman Invasion as the first record the place appeared c. 945 as Hiccam. By the time of the Domesday Book, the town was known as Hiz, and meant “place in the territory of the tribe called Hicce. ” The river Hiz is nearby and no doubt the river’s name was derived from the same.
Some of the people with the name Hitchins who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Margaret and Thomas Hitchins, who settled in Virginia in 1663. Ann Hitchins, who landed in Maryland in 1666. Some of the people with the surname Hitchins who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Francis Hitchins, who landed in New York in 1835. David Hitchins, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County. Pennsylvania in 1869.
Hitchins Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Hitchins blazon are the castle, cross flory and lion’s head. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Architectural items, from individual components to entire buildings feature frequently as charges In a coat of arms. Not surprisingly, considering the times from which many arms date, fortifications are common. The castle is perhaps second only to the tower in this usage, and often described in some detail as to its construction, the disposition of windows and so on. Continental examples also sometimes include attackers on scaling ladders. Wade tells us that the appearance of a castle indicates “granduer and solidity” and one can understand why.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross flory is typical of these, having each arm end in something very similar to the fleur-de-lys.
There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. The head of the lion also appears alone on many coats of arms, but its use in this form is largely to enable a clear difference from similar arms that use the complete animal, and its significance should be taken to be the same as the lion entire, being a symbol of “deathless courage”.