Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (London). Erm. a chev. vair betw. three lozenges az. on each a lion’s gamb erect and erased ar. Crest—A sword in pale, enfiled with a leopard’s face.
2) (granted 15 June, 1725, to John Huggins, Esq., Warden of the Fleet Prison, London). Erm. a chev. vairé or and gu. betw. three lozenges az. each charged with a lion’s gamb erased and erect ar.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Huggins Coat of Arms and Family Crest
The name Huggins is English but thought to be Norman-French in origin. The name is believed to have come over with the Norman invasion and is considered patronymic, as having been derived from the name Huggin which was a pet or nickname for someone with the Old French given name of Hugh. The translation of Hugh can mean any of the following; hug, mind, spirit, or heart. In England the name Hugh was favored among the French who came after the Norman conquest because of the popularity of St. Hugh.
Variations of the name include; Huggins, Huggan, Hugan, Huckings, Huckins, and Huggin among others. The variation in spelling of names during this time period can be attributed to a lack of continuity regarding guidelines for spelling which was compounded by the diversity of languages in use in European countries at this time.
The earliest record of any variation of the name is that of Robert Hugyn which appears in the Sussex “Pipe Rolls” from 1327. The Pipe Rolls often times called the “Great Rolls” were a series of financial records kept by the English Treasury by order of King Edward III, with the oldest dating back to the 12th century. They hold the distinction of being the oldest consecutive set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom. These records span a period of over 700 years and have proven invaluable to researches over the years. Additional records of those bearing any variation of the surname Huggins include, Amisia Hugines which appears in the Worcestershire “Pipe Rolls” from 1327 and John Hugyn which appears in Staffordshire public records of 1337. Public records from the 19th century show Samuel Huggins held the office of President of the Liverpool Architectural Society and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings.
The first recorded immigrant to America bearing the surname Huggins or any variation of the spelling was Nicholas Huggins who landed and settled in Virginia in 1635. Peter Huggins landed and settled in Maryland in 1667. John Huggins landed in 1670 and settled in Hampton, New Hampshire and Roger Huggins landed and settled in New Jersey in 1678.
Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Huggins are found in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and Germany. By state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Huggins live in Louisiana.
There are many persons of note who bear the surname Huggins. Godfrey Martin Huggins, 1st Viscount Malvern was a British physician and the first Prime Minister of the Federation of Rhodesia, an office he held from 1933 until 1953. He was the longest serving prime minister in the history of the British Commonwealth. Viscount Malvern practiced medicine and trained as a surgeon in London at Great Ormond Street Hospital. In 1911, due to the need for a temporary physician, Viscount Malvern traveled to Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia; however, once there, he decided to stay on permanently. In 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, Huggins did return to England to assist in the war effort and enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps. During the war, Malvern was station in Malta and France. When the war ended, Malvern returned to Rhodesia and purchased a farm on the outskirts of Harare, formerly known as Salisbury, this was to be his home for the remainder of his life.
In 1933, Viscount Malvern became Prime Minister or Southern Rhodesia after winning the the general election. He served in this capacity for over twenty years. He is the only Prime Minister of the British Commonwealth to have served under four monarchs; George V, Edward VIII, George VI, and Elizabeth II.
In 1941, Huggins was knighted by King George IV, becoming Knight Commander of the Order of St. Micheal and St. George. He was also awarded the honors of Companion of Honour and was a member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom.
Sir William Huggins was a noted British astronomer. Over the course of his career his work and research won him numerous awards; Royal Medal, Rumford Medal, Valz Prize, Copley Medal, Henry Draper Medal from the National Academy of Sciences, Order of Merit, and the Bruce Medal. Huggins was also knighted in 1897, for his contribution to science he was made Knight Commander of the Order of Bath. He also was made a Member of the Order of Merit and was the President of the Royal Society.
Maurice Loyal Huggins was a highly respected and pioneering American research scientist. He earned his PhD in 1922 and worked with Charles Porter at the Chemistry Laboratory of the University of California at Berkeley.
Huggins Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Huggins blazon are the lozenge and lion’s gamb. The two main tinctures (colors) are ermine and azure.
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the lozenge Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. It can appear on its own, voided (with the background visible through the middle), and can also be conjoined, whereby adjacent lozenges touch point-to-point. Guillim groups the lozenge with all square shapes as being symbolic of “verity, probity, constancy and equity”.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.The variant lion’s gamb is another word for leg, and its significance remains the same as its parent animal