Hutchens Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hutchens Name
Origins of Hutchens:
Listed as Hutchen, Hutchin, Huchin, Hutchence, Hutchens, Hutcheon, Hutcheons, Hutchins, Huchings and Hutchinges, this is an English surname although ultimately of Norman-French and even Germanic origins. It acquires from the old given name “Huchin”, a diminutive of the particular name “Hugh”, introduced into Britain by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. It starts from the pre 5th century Germanic word “hug”, meaning “heart, mind or, spirit”. The suffix “s” where it exists shows “son of”. The surname dates back to the early 14th Century, and other early records include as Richard Huchins in the Premium Rolls of Worcestershire in 1327, Edith Huchenes in the Subsidy Rolls of Staffordshire for the same date and John Huchouns in the Court Rolls of the Borough of Colchester in 1357. Records from the church records of Greater London contain like the christening of Elizabeth, daughter of Wylliam Hutchinges, in January 1585, at St. Giles’ Cripplegate, and the christening of Alice Hutchens at the St Mary Whitechapel, Stepney, in August 1597. A coat of arms related to the surname has the blazon of a gold tower embattled, on a red shield, the crest being a red lion’s head, crowned gold.
More common variations are: Hitchens, Hutchins, Hutchns, Hutchenes, Hutcheans, Hautchens, Hutchiens, Houtchens, Hutchense.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Gilbert Huchun, dated 1296, in the Subsidy Tax Rolls of Sussex. It was during the reign of King Edward 1st, who was known as “The Hammer of the Scots”, dated 1272-1307. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Some of the people with the name Hutchens who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Sarah Hutchens, who landed in New jersey in 1675 The following century saw more Hutchens surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Hutchens who arrived in the United States in the 20th century included Emily Hutchens, aged 37, who emigrated to the United States, in 1904. Harriet Hutchens, who landed in America, in 1904. William Hutchens, aged 37, who settled in America from Liverpool, in 1904. Mrs Frank T. Hutchens, aged 28, who landed in America, in 1905. William H. Hutchens, aged 42, who emigrated to the United States from London, England, in 1913.
Hutchens Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Hutchens blazon are the tower and lion. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and or.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Architectural items, from individual components to entire buildings 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 92 feature frequently as charges In a coat of arms. Not surprisingly, considering the times from which many arms date, fortifications are common. The tower Is a typical example of an object from the world of architecture adopted, albeit in a stylised form, for use in heraldry. It can be placed alone, or frequently with three turrets on the top, known as a tower triple towered, and can have doors and windows of a different colour. 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Tower In continental European heraldry they are often accompanied by pictorial effects such as armoured knights scaling them on ladders.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63 11Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 12A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60, a sentiment echoed equally today.