Jeffs Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Jeffs Name
Origins of Jeffs:
Listed as Geff, Jeff, and the limited little forms as Jeffel and Jeffkin, and the equally limited patronymics such as Geffes, Jeffes, Jeffs, Jeffels, Jefferson and more, this is an old English surname. It is however of Norman French source and brought into England after the famous invasion of 1066. It acquires from the pre 7th century Old French Geoffroi or Geuffroi, from the Germanic name Gaufrid”, which means “land-peace.” Geoffrey was a famously given name in England and as Geffe (without surname) shows in the Assize Court colls of Cheshire in 1215, while Ralph Jeffe was noted in the Hundred Rolls of landholders of Devonshire in 1273. Other documentations show the advancement of the surname over the centuries like William Jeffs who married Sara Warren in April 1620 at St Giles Cripplegate in the City of London, while two centuries later in the probate records of 1750 to 1850, Richard Jeffels was shown disappearing at Whitby in Yorkshire, an area where this spelling appears to be or have been spread widely, in March 1845.
More common variations are: Jeffes, Jeffus, Jeffas, Jeffis, Joeffs, Jeffys, Jeffos, Jefs, Jeffies, Jeffeys.
The origins of the surname Jeffs appeared in Herefordshire where people held a family seat from old times. Someone say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.
The very first recorded spelling of the family name was shown to be that of Richard Geffes, dated about 1332, in the “Premium Tax Rolls of Warwickshire.” It was during the time of King Edward III who was known to be the “The Father of the English Navy,” dated 1327-1377. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Jeffs had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Jeffs landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 18th. Some of the people with the name Jeffs who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Francis Jeffs, who landed in Virginia in 1662.
The following century saw more Jeffs surnames come. Some of the people with the name Jeffs who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Mary Jeffs, who came to Virginia in 1717. Mary Jeffs who settled in Virginia in 1726.
Some of the individuals with the surname Jeffs who landed in Australia in the 19th century included William Jeffs arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Spartan” in 1849. James Jeffs arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship “Agincourt.”
Some of the population with the surname Jeffs who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included George Jeffs landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840. George Jeffs and Ann Jeffs, both arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship “Gertrude” in the same year 1841. Louisa Jeffs arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship “Gertrude” in 1841.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Jeffs: England 3,081; United States 1,658; Australia 1,497; Canada 526; Honduras 444; New Zealand 398; Wales 248; Chile 162; France 110; Scotland 92.
A.S. Jeffs (1871–1905), was an American football referee.
Brent W. Jeffs was an American writer, lawyer, and representative of the Fundamentalist parish of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
Charles Jeffs (born 1895), was a British World War I flying expert.
Christine Jeffs (born 1963), is a New Zealand producer, director, and composer.
A. Dean Jeffs (born 1928), is an American leader.
Ian Jeffs (born 1982), is an English football player.
Lance Jeffs was an Australian pharmacologist.
Lyle Jeffs was an American priest in the Fundamentalist parish of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
Jeffs Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Jeffs blazon are the pelican, canton and cross. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, or and gules .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.
The pelican is often associated with parenthood and “devoted and self sacrificing charity”. 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P77-78 It is almost always shown with its young in their nest (in its piety) or pricking its breast in readiness to feed its young with its own blood (vulning herself. 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Pelican
“The canton stands very high among honourable bearings”, according to Wade, a noted symbologist 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P48. The canton is a square shape, normally occupying the dexter chief of the shield. An early example is SUTTON, Bishop of Lincoln in the 13th century, who bore “argent a canton sable”. It occupies less space than a quarter and hence is sometimes added to an existing shield to difference branches of the same family, or, when a charge is added to it, to indicate some honour has been recieved 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Canton. Wade remarks, that, in common with all square features can be associated with the virtue of“constancy”.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 14Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. 15A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross 16A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106 17A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173 Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.