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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

First notation: 1603 Na tarczy dwudzielnej w słup, w polu prawym srebrnym i lewym błękitnym, pod gwiazdą złotą w każdym polu – strzała w prawym polu opierzona błękitno, w lewym srebrno, utopione w p"łksiężycu z twarzą złotym na obu polach leżącym. W klejnocie nad hełmem w koronie krzyż kawalerski złoty lub srebrny. Labry błękitne, podbite srebrem.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Kujk Coat of Arms and Family Crest

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Kujk Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Kujk blazon are the moon, mullet and arrow. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, azure and or .

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 3. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 4.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.5. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 6. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.7.

It should come as no surprise that items from the natural world are frequently adopted for use in the coat of arms 8. Celestial objects and natural phenomena have been given simple, easily identified representations. The moon Is typical of charges derived from natural objects, and being emblematic of “serene power the mundane” 9. It can be shown in various phases, known as incresent (facing right), decrescent (facing left), or if full then with a human face. 10

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 11. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 12. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 13.

Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms 14. The regular prescence of the arrow, both singly and in groups is evidence of this. In British heraldry a lone arrow normally points downward, but in the French tradition it points upwards. 15. The presence of an arrow in a coat of arms is reckoned to indicate “martial readiness” by Wade. 16

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References

  • 1 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 2 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 3 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
  • 4 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 5 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
  • 6 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
  • 7 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 8 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P294
  • 9 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106
  • 10 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:moon
  • 11 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
  • 12 A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
  • 13 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105
  • 14 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 89
  • 15 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Arrow
  • 16 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P111