Langlands Coat of Arms
Click below to change main image
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Langlands Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Langlands:
This Anglo-Scottish residential surname was noted as Langland, Langlands, Longland and Longlands. It is of Anglo-Saxon pre 8th-century origins. It acquires from the words “lang” meaning “long,” plus “land,” which in this connection is an area cleared for agricultural use. The surname was given originally either as a geographical name to a citizen with a long piece of agricultural land or as a locational name for a person from the barony of Langland in Peeblesshire. The surname was first noted in England towards the end of the 13th Century, and early records contain as Ralph atte Longelonde, in the 1332 “Premium Rolls of Surrey,” and Hugh de Langelonde, in the Somerset rolls of the year 1340. Johannes de Langland, was the first Scottish named ancestor, and held a charter of the lands of Milsallytoun and Ochtirheuyd in 1364, while Charles Langlands was the minister of Dryvisdall in 1531, and James Langlands recorded in “The Record of the Privy Council of Scotland,” in 1576. He ordered to pay twenty marks as surety for Will Robson, although why he should have given this guarantee is not known.
More common variations are: Langlandes, Longlands, Langlends.
The surname Langlands first appeared in Lincolnshire where the name was acquired from the Old English lang or long land, collectively meaning “long land” relating to a long strip of land.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Thomas de Longelond, dated about 1296, in the “Subsidy Rolls of Sussex.” It was during the time of King Edward I who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272 – 1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Langlands had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Langlands landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 19th and 20th. Some of the people with the name Langlands who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Mrs. Langlands, who landed in America, in 1893.
The following century saw more Langlands surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Langlands who arrived in the United States in the 20th century included David Langlands, who landed in America from Montrose, Scotland, in 1906. John Robert Langlands, who moved to America from Newcastle, England, in 1908. Louis Langlands, who landed in America from Lescan Pheshire, England, in 1911. Eric Langlands, who also landed in America from Lescan, Pheshire, England, in the same year 1911. Janet Langlands, who shifted to the United States from Musselburgh, Scotland, in 1912.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Langlands: England 651; Australia 516; Scotland 335; South Africa 201; United States 195; New Zealand 161; Canada 124; Brazil 95; France 3; Ireland 1.
Sir Robert Alan Langlands is vice-chancellor of the University of Leeds.
Langlands Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Langlands blazon are the mullet and chevron. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 7A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 9A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.10The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.