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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Ralph Langman, York Herald, temp. Queen Elizabeth). Ar. on a pile betw. two water bougets sa. a portcullis of the first.
2) (arms of Roger Langman, in Hart’s Hall, Oxford. Visit. Oxon, 1574). Ar. on a chev. betw. three water bougets ea. a crescent of the field.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Langman Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Langman Origin:

England, France

Origins of Langman:

This name is of early English origin and is a good example of that large group of English and continental surnames that continuously formed from the continual use of a nickname or byname. These given in the first example related to a person's real characteristics, mental or moral qualities, supposed similarity to an animal's or bird's appearance or character, habits of dressing, profession, and the uncommon category of "phrase-names", which develop from the person's continual use of an idiom like "Goodyear", and "Pardew", from the French "par Dieu". In this example, the "nickname" surname Longman, also appeared as "Langman," was used to recognize a tall man. It acquires from the Middle English, long - tall, from the Old English pre 7th Century "long, lang," with "man(n)," which means man. The world-famous publishing house of Longman's established by Thomas Longman, (1699 - 1755), who purchased a bookseller's business in 1724, and slightly bought literary features.

Variations:

More common variations are: Langmann, Langaman, Langmani, Langmain, Langhman, Langamani, Luangmany, Lanagmani, Longman, Lankman.

England:

The origins of the surname Langman appeared in Buckinghamshire where people held a family seat from old times. Someone say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings1066 A.D.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Alice Longemon, dated about 1275, in the "Worcestershire Premium Rolls." It was during the time of King Edward 1st, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots," dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Langman had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Langman landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Langman who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Peter and Mary Langman, who sailed to Virginia in 1620.

People with the surname Langman who landed in the United States in the 18th century included J. Langman to New Jersey in 1709. Just Langman, who arrived in New Jersey in 1709. Johan Peter Langman, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1752.

The following century saw more Langman surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Langman who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included James Langman to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1854. Eliza Langman at the age of 26, arrived in New York in 1868. Rebecca Langman at the age of 58, also landed in New York in the same year 1868.

Australia:

Some of the individuals with the surname Langman who landed in Australia in the 19th century included William Langman arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Moffatt" in 1839. Elizabeth Langman arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Moffatt" in 1839. Mary Langman arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Rajasthan" in 1840. Richard Langman arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1849. John Langman at the age of 28, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Europa."

Here is the population distribution of the last name Langman: United States 1,043; England 565; South Africa 530; Australia 486; Canada 405; Argentina 239; Israel 224; New Zealand 173; France 122; Netherlands 120.

Notable People:

Laura Langman was born in April 1986 in Hamilton, New Zealand. He is a New Zealand international basketball player. Originally a midcourt player, Langman is the vice-captain of the New Zealand national basketball team.

Neil Hedley Langman was born in February 1932. He is a discharged English football player who played as a center forward.

Nicholas John Andrew Langman was born in 1960. He is an officer for the British secret service company MI6.

Steven M. Langman is a businessman and investor.

Langman Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Langman blazon are the water bouget, portcullis and crescent. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5.

A wide variety of inanimate objects 6 appear in coats of arms, so of them still recognisable today, others now rather obscure. The images used are often simplified and stylised, the water bouget is a typical case of the later, such that the casual observer would be hard pressed to discern its function. It represents in fact a yoke with two skins attached to be worn over the shoulder and has been found in coats of arms almost from the beginning of the art. 7. Somewhat literally, Wade suggests that their appearance on arms may have been due to a holder who had “brought water to an army or beseiged place”. 8

The portcullis is the strong metal framework used to secure the drawbridge of a castle, and is often drawn alongside the chains used to raise it up. 9 We should therefore not be surprised that Wade assigns to it the meaning of “ an effectual protection in emergency”. 10 The symbol also occurs on small value British coinage.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 11xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter 12. The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” 13.

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References

  • 1 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
  • 2 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
  • 3 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
  • 4 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 5 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 6 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281
  • 7 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Water Bouget
  • 8 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P114
  • 9 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Portcullis
  • 10 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P108
  • 11 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
  • 12 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon
  • 13 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106